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UA0100 SG7000 Hardware Structure

ISSUE 1.1

Fixed Network Curriculum Development Section

Lesson Goal
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After this lesson, you can

Know about the hardware structure and logical structure of the SG7000

Understand the working principles of the

SG7000 boards

Master the SG7000 service flow and configuration

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Lesson Contents
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Chapter 1 SG7000 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 SG7000 Logical Structure Chapter 3 SG7000 Message Flow

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Chapter 1 SG7000 Hardware Structure


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Section 1 Service Shelf Configuration Section 2 Board Introduction Section 3 Hardware Working Principle

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Cabinet
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The

SG7000 uses IEC-standard B68-21 cabinet, with main control cabinet is configured with one BAM server,

dimensions 2100 mm 600 mm 800 mm (H W D).


The

two Ethernet LAN switches (for internal connection), one LCD display switcher and one or two service shelves.

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Main Control Cabinet in Full Configuration


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DC distributor box

2U

B68-21 cabinet in full configuration


Service shelf

14U

Dummy panel LCD display switcher

1U 1U

Service shelf

14U

2U
Dummy panel LAN Switch 1 LAN Switch cabling frame LAN Switch 0 LAN Switch cabling frame BAM server

2U 1U 1U 1U 1U 2U

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Service Shelf Configuration (1)


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The

configurations of a single shelf are shown

below, where the grey ones are back boards:

E P I I S B P U

E P I I S B P U

E P I I S B P U

E P I I S B P U

E P I I S B P U

V I E B S B P I

H B I U H S Y S

H S C U

H B I U H S Y S

H S C U

V I E B S B P I

E P I I S B P U

E P I I S B P U

C K I I

C K I I A L U I

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Relationship of SG7000 Boards


HUAWEI MML/SNMP

BAM
Lan Switch 10M/100M Ethernet

WS or iManager N2000

SoftX3000
M2PA/M3UA

HBIU C K I I

HSCU ALUI

HSYS

PSTN

8k/2M Clock

IP BUS
S V B I P E I B

1*100M Ethernet

8 E1/T1

TDM interface

E P I I

S B M2PA/M3UA P Pinch board U

IP interface

is SLPU

cascading
Back board Front board

HCOM SCBV

10M/100M Ethernet

Lan Switch 16 *Slave frame

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Service Shelf Configuration (2)


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Configuration of cascaded shelves Figure of the master service shelf in case of cascaded shelves
E P I I
S B P U

E P I I
S B P U

E P I I
S B P U

E P I I
S B P U

V I E B
S B P I

S C
B U

H B I U
H S Y S

H S C U

H B I U
H S Y S

H S C U

S C B U
H C O M

V I E B
S B P I

E P I I
S B P U

C K I I

C K I I
A L U I

H C O M

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Service Shelf Configuration (3)


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Figure of the slave service shelf in case of cascaded shelves


E P I I S B P U E P I I S B P U V I E B S B P I S C B U H C O M H B I U H S Y S H S C U H B I U H S Y S H S C U S C B U H C O M V I E B S B P I E P I I S B P U E P I I S B P U E P I I S B P U E P I I S B P U A L U I

E P I I S B P U

E P I I S B P U

There arent CKII Board in slave shelves. Usually two frame need a pair of SBPI/VIEB board. A pair of VIEB need one IP address.
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Chapter 1 SG7000 Hardware Structure


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Section 1 Service Shelf Configuration

Section 2 Board Introduction


Section 3 Hardware Working Principle

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HSYS Function
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HSYS

is the System board of the SG7000 and works in the 1 + bus configuration and status management with interface board through high-speed bus

1 backup mode.
High-speed

Communicating Managing

all boards in the service processing shelf and with background through Ethernet interface

feeding back the statuses to the background


Communicating Implementing

system loading and management functions

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HSYS Interface
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The HSYS interface is shown below:

Type

Parameter RS232 serial interface RS422 master/slave serial interface RS485 serial interface 10/100M Ethernet interface 1 1 2

Index

Remarks For debugging purpose, with panel RJ45 socket and hot-plugging protection Communicating with EPII, ALUI, CKII and SCBU

Interface

Working with HBIU to provide back physical interface Working with HBIU to provide back physical interface

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HSYS Indicator
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The functions of the HSYS indicators are as follows:


Color Yellow Yellow Green Note 1 Meaning For board fault Normal status Off when board is normal, On when board is faulty

Indicator FAIL indicator RUN indicator DOMA DOMB indicator

For board Flashing when board is normal (1 s on and working status 1 s off) For highspeed bus status

1 each

Both are on for active HSYS Both are off for standby HSYS

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HSCU Functions
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HSCU

is the hot-plugging(Switch) Control board of the

SG7000, controlling board hot-plugging function. It is


configured with HSYS in pairs.
It It

is a back board. is not hot-pluggable.

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HSCU Indicator
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HSCU indicators are explained as below:

Indicator
DOMA DOMB indicator

Color Green

Note
1 each

Meaning For highspeed bus status

Normal status
When both are on, the HSYS that is in pairs with the HSCU is active; otherwise, it is standby

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CKII Functions
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CKII

is the Clock board of the SG7000, inserted in the master service shelf

and occupying two slots. It provides level-2 standard synchronization clock for the SG 7000 system, working in 1+1 backup mode.
The

SG7000 is configured with only one pair of CKIIs. reference has

Clock

2M Bit/s (input from BITS Device), connect to BITS Port.


2M Hz (input 2M-A/B form EPII board ), connect to LINE Port. 8K (output interface ), connect to other slave frames.

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CKII Specifications and Interfaces


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Type Function Parameter Index Providing BELLCORE GR-1244 CORE complaint level-2 clock, ITU-T G.812 Type II clock, and the clock signal according to the level-2 node clock requirements in Digital Synchronous Network Node Clock Series and Timing Characteristics and Digital Synchronous Network Independent Node Slave Clock Equipment Specifications and Test Method by MII. Supporting the SMM function required by ITU-T G.781 and Digital Synchronous Network Independent Node Slave Clock Equipment Specifications and Test Method of MII. The external synchronous clock interface meets the requirements in ITU-T G.703 and ITU-T G.704 templates. Interfaces 2M BITS clock input interface 2M LINE clock input interface 8KHz clock 16 Providing clock for local EPII and the communication between shelves
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Remarks

2 2

Connected with BITS clock equipment Connected with EPII

output interface

CKII Panel and Indicator


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RST button is on the panel. meanings of the indicator are as follows:


Color Yellow Green Note 1 Meaning For error status For running status Normal status When it is on, this board is resetting or in error. Flashing at 4Hz in loading program Flashing at 1Hz in normal running

The

Indicator FAIL indicator RUN indicator

Flashing at 0.5Hz for standby status


ACT indicator Yellow 1 For active/ standby On for the active status status Off for the standby status

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SBPU Functions
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SBPU

is the Broadband Signaling Processor board of the

SG7000. As the basic signaling processor unit, it processes


No. 7 signaling and SIGTRAN protocol. Two SLPUs are pinched on this board.
SBPU

provide the TDM Singnaling Interface process, it can

process 64kbps or 2Mbps Link.

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SBPU Interface
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SBPU interface

Type Interface

Parameter

Index 1

Remarks

RS232 serial interface

For debugging purpose, with panel RJ45 socket and hot-plugging protection.

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SBPU Panel and Indicators


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The board has a reset button RST on the panel. Color


Green 2

Indicator
RUN

Note

Meaning
For SLPU pinch board working status For SLPU pinch board link status

Normal status
It is flashing normally (1 s on and 1 s off) when the SLPU pinch board is normal. It is off when the board is abnormal. It is flashing fast (5 times /second) when SLPU is not configured at background. It is off when the board is configured and link is configured. When the SLPU is configured, link is configured but the link is not located, it is flashing slowly (1 time/second). When the board is configured, link is configured and link is located, it is off. If is off when the board is normal, and off when the board is faulty. It is flashing (1 s on and 1 s off) when the board is in normal status. It is flashing fast at 4Hz in loading. It is on when the board is inserted into shelf and before the power-on, and it is also on when the board is unplugged from the shelf.

ALM

Yellow

FAIL indicator RUN indicator

Yellow Green

1 1

For board fault For SBPU working status For hot-plugging

Hot-plugging indicator

Blue

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SLPU Functions
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It

is the universal No. 7 signaling processing board (pinch board

of SBPU), and each SLPU can process 16 * 64K signaling links or can process one 2M high-speed signaling links.
There

are 2 SLPU in one SBPU Board at most. So that there

are 32*64K signaling links or can process 2*2M high-speed signaling links totally.

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SBPI Functions
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As

the broadband signaling distributor board of the

SG7000, SBPI implements the LAN drive of Broadband Interface and IP distributor unit functions,

working in the 1+1 backup mode.


SBPI

provide the IP Singnaling Interface process.

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SBPI Interface
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SBPI interface

Type

Parameter RS232 serial interface

Index

Remarks For debugging purpose, with panel RJ45 socket and hot-plugging protection. Working with VIEB to provide back physical interface

1
1

Interface

10/100M Ethernet interface

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SBPI Indicators
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SBPI

indicators
Color
Green 1

Indicator
LINK indicator

Note

Meaning
For network connection

Normal status
It is on when the physical connection is normal, and is off in other cases.

ACT indicator
Green

It is flashing in case of data transmitting/receiving, For network interface data traffic and the flashing frequency indicates the data traffic
For error status

Fail indicator

Yellow

It is on when the board is resetting or in error.

Run indicator

Green

For running status

Flashing at 4 Hz in loading program Flashing at 1 Hz in normal running Flashing at 0.5 Hz for standby status
During the board is inserting in the subrack, the blue indicator is on, indicating that the board contacts the backplane. Here, the handle on the front panel can be used to insert the board completely into the backplane. When the board is to be unplugged, pull out the handle on the front panel, and then the blue indicator is on, indicating that the board is ready for unplugging.

Hot-plugging indicator

Blue

For hot-plugging

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HCOM Functions
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HCOM

is front board for the shelf interconnection in the

SG7000. it provides the cascading function of the system


service processing shelves, working in load-sharing or 1+1 backup mode.

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HCOM Interface
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HCOM

interface

During

the operation of the board, the RST button cannot be

pressed at will, lest the normal system operation is affected.


Type
Interface
Parameter RS232 serial interface 10M/100M self-adaptive network interface Index
1 2

Remarks

For external configuration debugging purpose


Working with SCBU to provide back physical interface

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HCOM Indicator
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HCOM running indicator


Color
Green Green

Indicator
LINK indicator ACT indicator

Note
2 2 1 1 1

Meaning
For network connection

Normal status
It is on when the physical connection is normal, and is off in other cases. It is flashing in case of data transmitting/receiving, and the flashing frequency indicates the data traffic It is on when the board is resetting or in error. It is flashing (1 s on and 1 s off) when the board is in normal status, and fast flashing at 4 Hz in loading. It is on when the board is inserted into shelf and before the power-on, and it is also on when the board is unplugged from the shelf.

F A I L indicator RUN indicator

Yellow
Green

For network interface data traffic For error status For running status For hotplugging

Hot-plugging indicator

Blue

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ALUI Functions
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ALUI is the monitoring board of the SG7000, in slots 16 of the service processing shelf. It indicates the system status and reports the Alarm information from other sources. It monitors the back board fault and in-position statuses. It is connected with the equipment management board through differential serial interface, reports the collected information, and receives commands from equipment management board for controlling indicators. It detects the shelf temperature and sends the data to equipment management board through differential serial interface. It collects fault detection signals and in-position signals from three power modules, synthesizes them logically, and reports them to the equipment management board as the power system working status.

When the temperature sensor does not work normally, it reports error message, and the board FAIL indicator is on at the same time.
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ALUI Interface
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ALUI interface

Type
Interface

Parameter
RS232 serial interface

Index
1

Remarks
When the board J5 and J7 are configured for shorting modules, this serial interface is used as a RS422 serial interface to connect the HSYS. When J6 and J7 are configured for shorting modules, this serial interface is used as a standard RS232 serial and is led out from the front panel.

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ALUI Indicators
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ALUI indicators
Color
Green/red 1

Location
RUN indicator

Note

Meaning Red
For board running Fault with the communication with HSYS

Status description Green


Normal running

Off
Fault with board

00
01 02 03 04 05

Green/red
Green/red Green/red Green/red Green/red Green/red

1
1 1 1 1 1

For back board status


For back board status For back board status For back board status For back board status For back board status

Fault with board


Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board

Normal running
Normal running Normal running Normal running Normal running Normal running

Board not in position


Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position

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ALUI Indicators
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ALUI indicator
Color Green/red
1

Location RUN indicator

Note

Meaning Red
For board running Fault with the communication with HSYS Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board Fault with board All of the three power modules are in position, but one is faulty. The fan shelf is in position, but any of the six fans is faulty.

Status description Green


Normal running

Off
Fault with board

10
11 12 13 14 15 PWR

Green/red
Green/red Green/red Green/red Green/red Green/red Green/red

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

For back board status For back board status For back board status For back board status For back board status For back board status

Normal running Normal running Normal running Normal running Normal running Normal running All of the three power modules are in position and are working normally. The fan shelf is in position, and all fans are working normally.

Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position Board not in position None of the three power modules is in position. The fan shelf is not in position.

For the statuses of three power modules For the status of fan shelf and the six fans

FAN

Green/red

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EPII /SEPU Functions


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As

the E1 interface board of the SG7000, the EPII provides the 8-

port E1 interface functions between the SBPU boards in service


processing shelf and external system. It also supports the TDM exchange between all the timeslots in the shelf and any timeslot of

the eight 2M HWs on this board.


New EPII

version board is SEPU board ,provides 16-port E1/T1 interface. must have the same slot number with SBPU, but SEPU support

cross connection feature.

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EPII Interfaces
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Interface table

Type

Parameter E1 interface

Index
8

Remarks
For connecting narrowband signaling network

Interface

2M clock output interface


8K active/standby CKII synchronous clock input interface

2
2

Providing CKII with the clock abstracted in the line


For connecting CKII board

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EPII Indicators
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Indicators Color Note Meaning For board working status Normal status It is flashing (1 s on and 1 s off) when the board is working normally, and is off when the board is abnormal.

Location

RUN

Green

ALM

Yellow

For board faulty status

It is flashing (1 s on and 1 s off) when the board is abnormal, and is off when the board is normal

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EPII Jumpers
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S1:

Trunk cables selection switch


For 75 Ohm coaxial trunk cable, all the eight-bit switches of S1 are ON. For 120 Ohm twisted pair trunk cable, all the eight-bit switches of S1 are OFF.

S2

(receiving) and S3 (transmitting): Connecting mode selection switches


For 75 Ohm coaxial trunk cable, the unbalanced connection mode with transmitting end grounded and receiving end not grounded is recommended, and all the eight-bit switches of S2 and S3 are ON. For 120 Ohm coaxial trunk cable, the balanced connection mode with transmitting end not grounded and receiving end grounded is recommended, and all the eightbit switches of S2 and S3 are OFF.

S4:
S5:

Hard reset switch of the board


For debugging purpose
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HBIU Functions
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The

HBIU is the Back Interface Board of the system board HSYS.

It

performs the RS485 level conversion for the asynchronous serial

port signal of the system board, and implements two physical interfaces for this asynchronous serial port.
It
It

identifies the service shelf numbers by means of S3 DIP switches.


provides the physical interface for the back board out-leading

Ethernet interface of the system board.

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HBIU Interfaces
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Interfaces
Parameter 10/100 BT1 (Ethernet interface for back out-leading of system board) Index Remarks

Type

1
1 each

For the loading of system programs and data


For the power monitoring of power distributor box

Interface

COM3+ and COM3 (RS485 serial interface) 10/100 BT2

Not used

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HBIU Indicators
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Indicators

Indicator HD

Color Green

Note 1

Meaning For hard disk running

Normal status Not used temporarily

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HBIU Switches and Jumpers


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S3 switches and jumpers, ON is 0 and OFF is 1.


Switch bit Shelf No 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF

2 ON ON OFF OFF ON ON OFF OFF

3 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF

4 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

5 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

6 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

7 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

8 ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

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SCBU Functions
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The

SCBU is the back board of HCOM. It works with the HCOM

to cascade the service processing shelves of the SG7000.


It

provides two external bi-directional 100 Mbps Ethernet paths to

connect two core LAN Switches in the SG7000 system. It assists the data switching between shelves, and sends the link data on the high-speed bus to be forwarded to other shelves to the LAN switches through network interfaces, which are then sent to the other service processing shelves to implement the mutual communication between shelves.

It provides one external E1 channel and provides one data channel for the system test.

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SCBU Indicators
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Indicators

Type

Parameter
Ethernet interface 4Mbps interface E1 interface HW

Index
2 For

Remarks
inter-shelf connection and

communication

Interface

TDM interconnection between shelves

For test

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SCBU Indicators
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Indicators

Location

Color

Note

Meaning For board working status

Normal status It is flashing (1 s on and 1 s off) when the board is normal, and is off when the board is abnormal

RUN

Green

ALM

Yellow

For board faulty status

It is flashing (1 s on and 1 s off) when the board is abnormal, and is off when

the board is normal.

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SCBU Jumpers and Switches


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One debugging serial interface J8, one debugging network interface J9 and

one board hard reset button S1

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VIEB Functions
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As the back board of SBPI, the VIEB provides the back out-leading Ethernet

interface for the SBPI.

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VIEB Interfaces
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Interfaces

Type

Parameter 100M base-T interface

Index

Remarks

Interface

It is the back out-leading interface for broadband interface board.

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Chapter 1 SG7000 Hardware Structure


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Section 1 Service Shelf Configuration

Section 2 Board Introduction


Section 3 Hardware Working Principle

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Hardware Communication (1)


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Communication

between the front boards of service shelves


X

Communication through high-speed bus Inter-board bus bandwidth 2Gbps information frames 2 for high-speed and low-delay exchange of

Dual-backups and load-sharing inter-board buses to guarantee the system reliability


H S Y S H S Y S

High-speed bus

S B P U

S B P U

S B P I

H C O M

H C O M

S B P I

S B P U

S B P U

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Hardware Communication (2)


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Communication

between serial interface boards

The boards that have CPU and are not attached to the high-speed bus in the service shelves are controlled uniformly by the master/slave serial interface bus, including clock board CKII, E1/T1 interface board EPII and monitoring board ALUI.
A L U I H S Y S H S Y S

Serial interface bus

C K I I

C K I I

EPII

EPII

S C B U

S C B U

EPII

EPII

EPII

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Hardware Communication (3)


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Clock access
2048kbit/s 2048KHz

BITS

E1 line
C K I I C K I I CLKA, CLKB E P I I E P I I

Master clock shelf

Active clock distribution line between shelves Internal Differential 8KHz

Active Standby

Slave clock shelf (1)


E P I I E P I I

Standby clock distribution line between shelves


Differential 8KHz
E E P I I

Slave clock shelf (7)


P I I

...
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Primary Secondary
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Primary

Secondary

Hardware Communication (4)


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The CKII board has three clock sources: BITS clock, E1 clock and CKII board local crystal oscillator. In the master clock shelf, the TDM switching bus abstracts two groups of clocks

CTA and CTB from the active and standby CKIIs.


In the master clock shelf, the EPIIs (PM and SM) abstracts clocks from CKII. The TDM switching bus of every shelf abstracts two groups of clocks CTA and

CTB from the PM and SM.

All EPIIs in the clock shelves abstract clocks from the TDM switching bus in the local shelf. The CTA has a higher priority and the CTB has a lower one. The CKII board local crystal oscillator can provide 2-level clocks, so that the SG clock can be locked externally.
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N7LNK Timeslot Connection


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0 Slot
15 . . . 0

0 Slot
7 6 5 4

SLPU
(Upper)

SLPU
(Lower)

15 . . . 0

3 2 1 0

E1 Prot number Link Prot number

SBPU

EPII
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NetworkingMaintaining and Loading path


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SG Frame-0
IP:172.6.1.6
HSYS

SG Frame-1
IP:172.6.2.6
HSYS

IP:172.8.1.8
HSYS

IP:172.8.2.8
HSYS

LanSwitch1

LanSwitch2

Internal network

IP:172.6.0.6

IP:172.8.0.8

BAM
IP:190.1.1.70 (for example)
VLAN IP:190.1.1.5

LanSwitch
External network

WS1
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WS2

WS17

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Lesson Contents
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Chapter 1 SG7000 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 SG7000 Logical Structure

Chapter 3 SG7000 Message Flow

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Chapter 2 SG7000 Logical Structure


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Service

processing subsystem monitoring subsystem

Environment Background

management and maintenance subsystem

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Service Processing Subsystem


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System support module


External clock source Clock unit (CKII)
Equipment management unit

(HSYS)

High-speed bus
TDM switching bus
IP interface (FE)

IP interface unit

LAN drive and IP distribution unit


FE

Soft switch equipment

(VIEB)

(SBPI)
Local high-speed bus
Narrowband signaling processing unit

Broadband signaling processing unit

E1/T1 interface PSTN, PLMN

Narrowband E1/T1 interface unit

HW

(SBPU)

No.7 signaling network

Signaling interface module

EPII

(SLPU)

Signaling bottom processing module


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Service processing module

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Environment Monitoring Subsystem


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The

subsystem is composed of ALUI and power monitoring board.


The ALUI monitors the working statuses of the unit shelf, including the innershelf ambient temperature, power status, and the working status of the back boards from HSYS receiving I/O boards (such as SBPU and HCOM). And it displays the statuses on the front indicators.

The power monitoring board of the power distributor box monitors the
working status of the power distributor box. It is connected with the HBIU of the HSYSs back board through serial interface, collecting the working statuses of the power distributor box and reporting to the HSYS.

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Security Level: Internal

Background Management and Maintenance Subsystem


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It is composed of background administration module (BAM), charging server (BAU), management and maintenance workstation and remote management

and maintenance interface equipment.

System loading

The HSYS implements loading from BAM in the FTP mode through network card 1 and network card 2. The SBPU/SBPI implements loading through the HSYS of local shelf. The SLPU programs and data are loaded through the SBPU.

Equipment management

During the initialization, it implements the active/standby arbitration for SBPU,

HSYS, HSCU and CKII and the active/standby switchover function.

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Security Level: Internal

Lesson Contents
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Chapter 1 SG7000 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 SG7000 Logical Structure Chapter 3 SG7000 Message Flow

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Security Level: Internal

Chapter 3 SG7000 Message Flow


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structure IP interface unit


System high-speed bus
LAN drive and IP distribution unit Equipment Terminal maintenance module management unit

10M/100M interface

IP network

TDM switching bus

E1/T1 interface
PSTN, PLMN etc. No.7 signaling network

Narrowband E1/T1 interface unit

Signaling processing unit

Inter-shelf connection equipment

Other service shelves

Serial interface bus External clock source

Monitoring unit
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Clock unit

Security Level: Internal

Message Flow
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Message flow direction

PSTN/PLMN signaling message -> SG7000 narrowband E1/T1 interface unit -> TDM switching bus and inter-shelf connection -> Implementing intra-shelf or inter-shelf semipermanent connection -> Signaling processing unit determines to forward the signaling message to PSTN/PLM or broadband IP network according to the destination

signaling point information in the message.


If the message will be forwarded to PSTN/PLMN, the narrowband E1/T1 interface unit implements the forwarding function, which is like the function of narrowband STP (signaling transition point). If the message will be forwarded to broadband IP network, the signaling processing unit

packets/unpackets the messages. After the IP distribution by the LAN drive and IP distributor unit, the
messages arrive at the IP network through the IP interface unit.

The flow is the converse case for the signaling processing from IP network to traditional narrowband network.
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Thanks!
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