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Submitted to:Seema chuhan Asst.Prof.


Submitted By:Ajay Budhera 7th sem Roll. No -10

What is CAG
The CAG is a typical file-based government auditing agency. It stresses on reporting deviations from set procedures and policies and fails to recognise that the deviations have resulted in speeding up economic growth. The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) (Hindi: -) of India is an authority, established by the Constitution of India.

Under Chapter V article 149to 151 of the Indian Constitution, CAG audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. The CAG is also the external auditor of government-owned companies.

Comptroller and Auditor General of India V. Narahari Rao 1948-1954 A. K. Chanda 1954-1960 A. K. Roy 1960-1966 S. Ranganathan 1966-1972 A. Bakshi 1972-1978 Gian Prakash 1978-1984 T. N. Chaturvedi 1984-1990 C. G. Somiah 1990-1996 V. K. Shunglu 1996-2002 V. N. Kaul 2002-2008 Vinod Rai 2008 present

CAG's Role The Comptroller & Auditor General of India plays a key role in

the functioning of the financial committees of Parliament and the State Legislatures. Local Bodies Audit UNION AUDIT REPORTS The Union Audit Reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, contain the findings of transaction audit and performance audit in the areas of: Civil Audit Audit of Autonomous Bodies Defense Services Railways Receipts of the Government Central Commercial

What IS 2G ?
It is a term used in telecommunication sector. It is

a spectrum which support 2G technology. High bandwidth is required for this purpose. 2G means second-generation wireless telephone technology. Second generation 2G cellular telecom networks were commercially launched on the GSM standard in Finland in 1991. 2G introduced data services for mobile, starting with SMS text messages.

What IS 2G Spectrum Scam ?

Acc. To comptroller and auditor general(CAG) o 2G licenses issued to private telecom players at throwaway prices in 2008 o 2G spectrum allocation had caused revenue loss of Rs 1.76 lakh crore o Rules and procedures flouted while issuing licenses

Who is A. Raja?
Andimuthu Raja has come a long way from being a

lawyer in rural Tamil Nadu. The former Communication minister who make the 2G spectrum scam Alloted the licence which are given in 2008 at 2001 prices of Rs. 1,658 crore.


CHEAP TELECOM LICENSES Entry fee for spectrum licenses in 2008 pegged at 2001 prices. Mobile subscriber base had shot up to 350 million in 2008 from 4 million in 2001. NO PROCEDURES FOLLOWED Rules changed after the game had begun Cut-off date for applications advanced by a week

Licenses issued on a first-come-first-served basis
No proper auction process followed, no bids invited Raja ignored advice of TRAI, Law Ministry, Finance Ministry TRAI had recommended auctioning of spectrum at market


FAVOURITISM, CORPORATES ENCASH PREMIUM Unitech, Swan Telecom got licenses without any prior telecom experience. Swan Telecom given license even though it did not meet eligibility criteria

Swan got license for Rs. 1537 crore, sold 45% stake to

Etisalat for Rs. 4200 crore. Unitech Wireless got license for Rs. 1661 crore, sold 67.25% stake for Rs. 6200 crore. All nine companies paid DoT only Rs. 10,772 crore for 2G licences



: New Delhi, India NATIONS PARTICIPATING :85 Teams EVENTS : 17 disciples OPENING CEREMONY :3rd october2010 CLOSING CEREMONY :14th oct2010 MOTTO : Come Out n Play MAIN STADIUM :Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium.

Another feature in the cap of Indian scandal list is COMMONWEALTH GAMES LOOT. Yes literally a loot!! It is established that out of Rs 70,000 crores spent on the games ,only half the said amount was spent on the sportspersons. The central vigilance commission , involved in probing the alleged corruption in various CWG-related projects, has found discrepancies in tenders like payment to nonexistence parties and bungling in purchasing of equipments through tendering and misappropriation of funds .

S.KALMADI says a sum of Rs 25,200 crores has been allocated to hire a time machine for CWG organisers to have a look to how much toilet papers was bought during the development of 1896 ATHENS OLYMPICS. When asked by Kalmadi about where the machine was , he pointed to raleigh cycle parked at Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium . *** There were mainly 2 big issues under CWGSCAM.listed ahead.

Real estate developer EMAAR-MGF may have to forfeit Rs 183 crores it deposit with the government of india as a bank guarantee for CWG village that was built. EMAAR is being penalised for structural defects and inadequate amenties including insufficient power and waste supply for the apartments that housed the delegates from 71 countries that participated in the games .

Another controversy dogging the CWG since the start is the issue of tickets sales . While the general public was unable to buy the tickets , with all outlets reporting that all the venues have been sold out, one witness nearly half the venues empty for every event. The fact was the greedy people who were trying their level best to get maximum profit quick in every way they can because CWG was a one time opportunity for them.

On 25th April 2009, Suresh Kalmadi was arrested by CBI under sections 120 B and 420 of the Indian Penal Code in the Common Wealth Games for awarding illegal contracts to a Swiss firm for Timing-Scoring-Result system causing a loss of Rs. 95 crore to the exchequer. Kalmadis membership of the Indian National Congress was suspended after being arrested and charged with corruption.


The health scheme scam:

The UPA government launched its flagship National Rural Health Mission in 2005. In its recent report, CAG says at least Rs 5,754 crore of the NRHM funds are not accounted for in Uttar Pradesh from April 1, 2005 to March 31, 2011. A total of Rs 8,657.35 crore were sent by the Centre to UP during the period. UP was the highest recipient under the scheme as its health indicators were poor. Government officials, contractors, middlemen and politicians are alleged to have colluded to divert the money sent by the Centre to provide affordable health services to the poor. CAG report says apart from the unaccounted funds, Rs 1364.89 crore were not utilised by the end of March 2010. The CAG report says selection and award of NRHM works to construction agencies on nomination basis were in violation of the judgement of the Supreme Court, Central Vigilance Commission guidelines and NRHM framework. The CAG says primary health centres were used to store potatoes and eye care centres were used as grain godowns. For delivering vaccines, the official car of the Shahjahanpur district magistrate was shown as a delivery vehicle. Nearly 550 health centres that were sanctioned for over Rs 51 crore were never built.

The Mayawati government has been on the back foot ever since the scam involving siphoning off of huge funds provided by the Centre to UP came to light. The case was later transferred to the CBI after the courts intervened. The NRHM scam has claimed four lives so far. The first death was that of chief medical officer (CMO) V. Arya, who was gunned down on October 27, 2010. Another CMO V.P. Singh was killed on April 2, 2011.

Sunil Verma
Who: The 55-year-old Verma was from rural Nigohaan area of Lucknow. His

father was a farmer. A class II gazetted officer, he was project manager with construction and design services, UP Jal Nigam. Death: Shot himself at his Lucknow home on Monday, January 23, 2012. Case and Role: Was overseeing all the construction related work under NRHM. Was responsible for upgrade of 134 hospitals under NRHM for Rs 13.4 crore. The FIR says the work was given to a Ghaziabad-based company on the basis of forged documents and construction was of inferior quality, causing a loss of Rs 5.46 crore to the exchequer.
Yogendra Singh Sachan Deputy chief medical officer (CMO) of Lucknow Y.S. Sachan was found

hanging from a toilet ceiling inside Lucknow jail on June 22, 2011. He had been arrested in connection with the murders of his seniors, Vinod Arya and B.P. Singh, and the for alleged irregularities in National Rural Health Mission. While UP government claimed he committed suicide, a judicial probe in July 2011 confirmed that he was murdered.

Vinod Arya In October 2010, Vinod Arya, the chief medical officer of the UP

family welfare department in Lucknow, was killed, allegedly by hitmen hired by Y.S. Sachan.
B.P. Singh On April 2, 2011, B.P. Singh, who had replaced Vinod Arya as CMO, was

murdered. His deputy Y.S. Sachan allegedly had a fallout with him over NRHM booty and hired assassins who gunned down Singh.
Ashutosh Asthana

Who: Administrative officer in Ghaziabad district court treasury.

Death: Was found dead in October 17, 2009 in Dasna jail where he was

lodged for his role in PF scam of over Rs 23 crore. Case and Role: He facilitated fraudulent withdrawal of money from Class III, IV officials' PF accounts and had named a number of district, high court judges and a Supreme Court judge in his deposition before a magistrate.