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Qualitative Research Method

By: Mr. Jhessie L. Abella,RN,RM,MAN

The Tibetan Personality Test

The Dalai Lama, Tibets spiritual leader, is said to have put forward this personality test for you to better know yourself.

Tibet is a landlocked country in the Himalayas.

For centuries, the ruler of Tibet has been a human incarnation of the god of compassion, known as the Dalai Lama.

The quiz has only 3 questions and the answers could surprise you.

There are no right or wrong answers. This is an honest questionnaire which could tell you a lot about your true self.

See if it works for you.

Get out a piece of paper and write down your answers.

1. Put the following 5 animals in the order of your preference.


Tiger, horse, pig, cow, sheep

2. Write one word that describes each one of the following:


Dog, cat, coffee, ocean, rat

3. Think of someone who knows you and is important to you. Match that person to one of the following colors.
Do not repeat your answer twice. Name just one person for each color. Yellow, orange, red, white, green

Finished?
Please be sure your answers are what you REALLY feel... Last chance.... Look at the interpretations below:

Question 1 - The order that you choose defines the priorities in your life. Cow: signifies career. Tiger: signifies pride. Sheep: signifies love.

Horse: signifies family.


Pig: signifies money.

Question 2 - Descriptions
Your description of Dog implies your own personality. Your description of Cat implies your partner's personality. Your description of Rat implies the personality of your enemies. Your description of Coffee is how you interpret sex. Your description of Ocean implies your own life.

Question 3 - Colors
Yellow: Someone you will never forget. Orange: Someone you could consider a good friend. Red: Someone you really love. White: Your twin soul. Green: Someone you will remember all your life.

Qualitative VS Quantitative
Quantitative Research
deals with objectivity, tight controls over the research situation and the ability to generalize findings It has been using the traditional scientific approach used by many of the other discipline. View as hard science

Qualitative Research

focuses on the subjective meaning of an experience to an individual


Deals with the level of discomforts that these people were experience

Research Process
Conceptualization Phase
1. Topic/Problem Identification 2. Review of Related Literature 3. Hypothesis/Proposition Development 4. Framework Development Objective Formulation

Dissemination Phase
10. Communicating and Utilizing the Findings

Design Phase
6. Research Plan Formulation

Analytical Phase
8. Data Analysis and Interpretation 9. Conclusion

Empirical Phase
7. Data Gathering/Collection

Qualitative Research

Every Human Experience is a Text to be READ

Aim of the Qualitative Research


To describe and clarify experience as it is lived and constituted in awareness

Eidetic Quality
Vividness and Clarity of Qualitative description What is the Essence of QR?

Story Telling

EMIC Perspective
insider, inductive, conveys the idea that only members of a culture possess valid knowledge of their own language usage. As Pike defined it, an emic unit is any physical or mental item regarded as meaningful, real, accurate, appropriate, coherent, or relevant by the culture members themselves. Thus, the emic approach to research always starts from the inside of a culture. By studying the accounts, explanations, and social action that are meaningful to a group of people, researchers can better understand how symbolic communication varies from one situation to the next.

ETIC Perspective
An etic approach (sometimes referred to as outsider, deductive, or top-down) uses as its starting point theories, hypothesis, perspectives, and concepts from outside of the setting being studied Etic constructs are the conceptual schemes and categories regarded as accounts, descriptions, and analyses

expressed in terms of meaningful and appropriate by the community of scientific observers

EMIC and ETIC Perspective


Pnuemonoultramicroscopicsilicovulcanoconiosis Scintillate, scintillate, asteroid minific. Members of an avian species of identical plumage congregate. It is fruitless to attempt to indoctrinate a superannuated canine with innovative maneuvers. All articles that coruscate with resplendence are not truly auriferous. Where there are visible vapors having their prevalence in ignited carbonaceous materials, there is conflagration. Cadavers are incapable of yielding any testimony

Work Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction of a College Instructor


Cancer Pain Experienced by Woman with Stage 3 Breast Cancer

Emotional and Intellectual Memory


When the emotions are aroused, the brain takes note. It stores as much detail as possible about the emotion-filled event, wiring it for quick recall. That emotioncharged memory can be summoned at a moment's notice, even after a long time has passed.Emotional Memory

Emotional and Intellectual Memory

An intellectual memory receives and stores up the abstract and universal.

Qualitative VS Quantitative The IMRAD and IMFAD Style


Quantitative Research
Preliminaries Title Authorship and Affiliations Abstract

Qualitative Research
Preliminaries Title Authorship and Affiliations Abstract

1. Introduction 2. Literature Review 3. Methods


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Subject Instrument Data Collection Procedure Data Analysis Ethical Consideration

1. 2.

Introductions Methods
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Design Selection and Study Site Data Measure Data Collection and Procedure Ethical Consideration Data Explicitation

4. 5. 6. 7.

Results Discussion Conclusion References

3. 4. 5. 6.

Findings Discussion Conclusion/Lesson Learned References

The CIPP of Qualitative Research

Context of QR Input of QR Process of QR Product of QR

Qualitative Research Compass


Whose Experience What to have After the Journey Which Layer of Experience

How to Validate the Findings

What Questions to Ask

How to Analyze the Gathered Data How Many Selections

What Design to Have

Where to Source the Data

Sample.Sample
A Q Methodology Study of the Ontology of Happiness Among Chronically Ill Filipino Elderly A Hermeneutic Phenomenology of the Concept of Care, Caring and Expectations and Frustrations of Filipino Elderly Suffering from Chronic Illness The Power of Dream Telling in Understanding Metaphorically Chronically Ill Filipino Elderly Independence, Body Image and Self Worth as Indices of Quality of Life Unfolding the Self Concept, Disposition and Resilience of Post Stroke Filipino Elderly Patients with Residual Paralysis from the Lens of Mask Makin

Whose Experience? What Layer of Experience?


ISO Requirements and Research Requirements Students who are Deter to Take the Examination Coping Mechanism and Stress Management of Teachers Handling Maritime Students

Archives for Life Lessons No.2


A priest offered a Nun a lift.
She got in and crossed her legs, forcing her gown to reveal a leg.

The priest nearly had an accident.


After controlling the car, he stealthily slid his hand up her leg

The nun said, Father, remember Psalm 129?


The priest removed his hand. But, changing gears, he let his hand slide up her leg again.

The nun once again said, Father, remember Psalm 129?

The priest apologized Sorry sister but the flesh is weak.


Arriving at the convent, the nun sighed heavily and went on her way.

On his arrival at the church, the priest rushed to look up Psalm 129. It said, Go forth and seek, further up,

you will find glory.