Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

A Presentation on

BSNL

OPTIC FIBRE CABLE BY


Partha Das

Reg. no-0901219547
Sec-ET2

Group-C
RGM TTC

BSNL

OPTIC FIBRE CABLE

RGM TTC

Objectives
BSNL

What is OFC? OFC Advantages

OFC Types & Applications


Specifications Future Trends

OFC Installation Pulling Method with Nylon rope Blowing Method


RGM TTC

BSNL

Limitations of copper network

Copper is costlier and scarce material.


Fault prone.

Maintenance difficult
Vulnerable for EMI.

Installation time consuming.

RGM TTC

BSNL

What is OFC ?
Fibre Optic cable functions as a
LIGHT GUIDE, guiding the light introduced at one end of the cable through to the other end.

RGM TTC

BSNL

Advantages of Optic Fibre


More Bandwidth - Thousands of Channels
Low Loss - 0.5db per km
Less number of Repeaters Electro Magnetic Immunity Small size & Light Weight - Easy to handle Greater Safety - No Electric Hazards

Higher Security
RGM TTC

BSNL

OFC Applications
Telecommunication Network Junction Network & Long Distance Network Submarine cable High EMI areas

Explosive environment
Computer links & Local Area Network Cable television Medical Field , Automobile Field
RGM TTC

OFC Construction
BSNL

Construction of Fibre
Centre Core Glass More RI 8-10 micrometer
Light is transmitted through the core

Cladding Glass Less RI 125 micro meter


--Outside optical layer that traps the light into the core by Total Internal Reflection and guides the light along the core

Primary Coating Protection & Identification of Fibre


RGM TTC

Principle of Working
BSNL

Total Internal reflection

TIR is achieved since Core and Cladding having different Refractive Indices. Core RI 1.48 Cladding RI 1.47

RGM TTC

Construction of Cable
BSNL

Centre Strengthening Member GRP, FRP Loose Tube Buffers 2.4 mm Dia, Fibres are placed inside along with jelly. Primary Strength Member Aramid Yarn Inner Sheath Black Outer Nylon Sheath Orange
RGM TTC

BSNL

Loose Tube Buffers


The Fibres are loosely drawn inside the Buffer Tubes to take care of Temp. Variations The OFC which is used outside is known as Loose Tube Buffers The Correction Factor is 0.985 985 metres of OFC will contain 1000 metres Fibre inside
RGM TTC

Pig Tail Cable


BSNL

These are tight Buffered cable Has only one fibre per cable Connector ended

Used in the indoor applications


Connecting equipment to outside OFC cable
micro meter

Connecting meters to the equipment


RGM TTC

BSNL

Propagation of Light inside the Fibre

RGM TTC

BSNL

OFC types
Single Mode Fibre
Multi Mode Fibre

Plastic Optic Fibre

RGM TTC

Single Mode Fibre


BSNL

A much smaller core Diameter


The Core dia is 8 to 10 Micrometer Cladding Dia is 125 Micrometer

Very large bandwidth


Light can go for very long distances
RGM TTC

Multimode
BSNL

Has a large Core Diameter Core Diameter - 50, 62.5, 100 Micro meter Cladding dia - 125 Micro meter

Light waves are dispersed into number of paths

Multiple path of light cause signal distortion


Suitable for shorter length like LAN
RGM TTC

Multi Mode Fibre


BSNL

Step Index Fibre

Graded Index Fibre

RGM TTC

BSNL

Plastic Optic Fibre


Large Core - 1 MM Dia Multimode Fibre Used in Automobile Industry instead of Copper MOST (Media Orientated System of transport )
RGM TTC

OFC Sizes
BSNL

6 Fibre
12 Fibre 24 Fibre 48 Fibre 96 Fibre

Standard drum length is 2000M +10% 0r 4000 m


RGM TTC