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Purumala Snehith N.Nagha Chaitanya Palacharla Abhi Ram P.V.M.Pavan Kumar K.Srinivasa Rao

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A residential building is a minimum amenity for each individual these days. The construction of buildings have increased these days. Here we analyse and design an economical residential building using Limit State Method. The estimation of the building is also to be done. Then the building is analysed and compared with a Staad-Pro model.

A structure can be defined as body which can resist the applied loads without appreciable deformations. There are 3 methods of design for a residential building. The building is designed according to the Limit State method of design.

Limit State method 1. Limit state of collapse i) Flexural ii) Compression iii)Shear iv)Torsion 2. Limit state of survivability i) Deflection ii) Cracking iii)Vibration

Site Plan


Dead load
Self weight of the structure.

Live load
Taken as 2KN/m2 on intermediate slabs. As 1.5KN/m2 on roof slabs. As 3KN/m2 for stairs and corridors.

Wind load
It is not taken under consideration.

Seismic load
It is not taken under consideration.

Design of Slab:
1) 2) 3) 4) Take the size of slab and end conditions. Assume the thickness of the slab. Calculate the loads acting on it. Calculate the design bending moment(Mu) taking the bending moment co-efficients. 5) Calculate effective depth using eq. 6) Overall depth is then obtained.

7) The main reinforcement is calculated using

8) Distribution reinforcement is obtained by providing 0.12% of gross area as distribution reinforcement.

Design of Beam:
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Select the depth of beam in range l/12 to l/15. Calculate the effective span. The loads acting on the beam are measured. Factored B.M and S.F are calculated. The min. depth required to resist B.M is Mu = 0.138fckbd .

6) Area of tension reinforcement is calculated

7) Check for design normal stress

Design of Column:
1) Calculate the factored load on the column. 2) Effective length is calculated for given support conditions. 3) Check the type of column.
1) If and are <12, then short column. 2) Otherwise long column.

4) For short axially loaded columns, gross area is

5) Then calculate the dimensions of the column. 6) Calculate the area of steel and no. of bars required. 7) Then the lateral ties are provided.

The similar design is carried out to the entire structure and is then carried out in the staad pro also. Both the output results are observed and the building is designed to be economical.

Thanking You