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24 kV Distribution Transformer Specification

Metropolitan Electricity Authority


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Overview
Background Picture of MEAs Transformer

Single Line Diagram


General Information

Transformer Specification
Conclusion
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Background
Picture of MEAs Transformer

Background
Single Line Diagram
24 kV MEA Station

416/240V Low Voltage Customer


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Background
General Information Number of Purchase

: 1,000 units / year


Service Area : 3,191.60 sq.km.

Transformer Specification
Reference Standard IEC 60076-1(2000) :

Power Transformers Part 1 : General


Thailand Industrial Standard

TIS 384 (1992) :


Standard for Power Transformer
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Transformer Specification
Test Requirement Type Test

: Temperature Rise
: Lightning Impulse

: Short Circuit Test

Transformer Specification
Test Requirement Routine Test

: According to Standard (All unit)


: Temperature Rise (1 Unit)

: Lightning Impulse (1 Unit)

Transformer Specification
Ratings & Features Type of Cooling : ONAN Rated Power : 45, 75, 112.5, 150, 225, 300, 500 & 1,000 kVA Phase : 1 or 3 phases Overhead, Outdoor & Mineral-Oil-

Filled
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Transformer Specification
Ratings & Features High voltage winding : 24 or 12/24 kV Low Voltage Winding : 416/240V Temperature Rise : Winding < 65 K : Top Oil < 65 K
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Transformer Specification
Ratings & Features Connection : Dyn 1 BIL : 125 kV (for 24 or 12/24 kV) : 30 kV (for 416/240 kV) Tap : -4 x 2.5 %

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Transformer Specification
Ratings & Features Impedance Voltage : up to 4.4% (45-225 kVA) : more than 6.5% (300-1,000 kVA)

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Transformer Specification
General Requirement Installation Type : Concrete Pole for 45-300 kVA : Platform for 500-1,000 kVA Provided with Lightning Arrester Bolted Type Transformer Tank Cover
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Transformer Specification
General Requirement Maximum Weight : 1,250 kg : 1,650 kg : 1,800 kg : 4,500 kg for 45-150 kVA for 225 kVA for 300 kVA for 500-1,000 kVA
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Average Sound Level < 48-58 dB

Transformer Specification
Tank & Cover Constructed of Steel with Adequate Thickness Steel cover and electrically bonded to Tank.

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Transformer Specification
Core & Coil Made of Grain Oriented, Low Loss, High Permeability, Silicon Steel Strip Not Shift in Any Direction during Shipping & Installation

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Transformer Specification
Winding Either Copper or Aluminum Foil Type Secondary Winding Withstand Thermal & Mechanical Effects by External Short Circuit

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Transformer Specification
Accessories
up to 300 Tap Changer yes yes 500 and up

Dual Switch
Thermometer Liquid Level Gage Lifting Facilities Lightning Arrester

yes
no no yes yes

yes
yes yes yes yes
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Transformer Specification
Accessories
up to 300 Pressure Relief Device no 500 and up yes

Circuit Breaker
Supporting Lug Sampling Valve

yes
yes no

no
no yes

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Tap Changer

-4 x 2.5 % Rating Voltage

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Dual Voltage Switch

12 kV or 24 kV Selection

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Bushing

High Voltage Bushing

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Low Voltage Bushing

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Bushing Cover

Bushing Cover

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Thermometer

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Liquid Level Gage

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Lifting Facilities

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Lightning Arrester

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Pressure Relief Device

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Circuit Breaker (CSP)

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Other

Supporting Lug

Sampling Valve
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Nameplate

Earthing Point

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Transformer Specification
Loss (Watt) - Single Phase kVA 50 75 100 167 No Load 145 200 240 320 Load 420 540 700 1,170

333

500

2,340
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Transformer Specification
Loss (Watt) - Three Phases kVA 45 150 300 500 No Load 160 300 480 670 Load 360 1,000 1,860 3,030

1,000

1,000

6,400
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Conclusion

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Question & Answer

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