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‫بسم ال الرحمن الرحيم‬

Study of the book


FIQH US-SUNNAH
DR. IBRAHIM DREMALI

AMERICAN OPEN UNIVERSITY


In cooperation with
Islamic Center of Greater Austin
and Sunnahfollowers.net
At-TATAWWU
Supererogatory / Nawafil Prayers
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THEIR SIGNIFICANCE AND VIRTUES

MANNER OF PERFORMING THEM

THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF NAWAFIL PRAYERS

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Hadith Qudsi (Holy Hadith)
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Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,

"ALLAH said, 'I will declare war against him who shows hostility
to a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved things with
which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon
him; (obligatory deeds)....

...and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing


Nawafil (voluntary deeds) until I love him, so I become his sense
of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which
he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which
he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My
protection, I will protect him..." [Bukhari]

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Their Significance
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Makes up for any deficiencies in the obligatory


prayers

 Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet said: "The first thing that the people
will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers.
Our Lord will say to the angels although He knows better: 'Look into the
salah of my servant to see if he observed it perfectly or been negligent in it.
So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had
been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: See if My servant has any
supererogatory prayers. Then if he has any supererogatory prayers, Allah
would say: Make up the deficiency in My servant's obligatory prayer with his
supererogatory prayers.' Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like
manner" [Abu Dawood]

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Their Significance
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A source of elevation for you

 The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said: "Ask (anything)."


Rabi'ah said: "I ask of you to be your companion in paradise." The
Prophet said: “Anything else?" Rabi'ah said: "That is it." The Prophet
(sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said to him: "Then help me by making
many prostrations (i.e., supererogatory prayers)." [Muslim]

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Offering Nawafil Prayers in One's House
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A source of light for you in your homes

 The Messenger of Allah said: "The nawafil salah of a man in his


house are a light; whoever wishes should lighten up his house."
[Ahmad]

 The Prophet said: "Make some of your prayers in your houses and do
not turn your houses into graves." [Ahmad and Abu Dawood]

 The Messenger of Allah said: "A person's salah in his house is better
than his salah in my mosque, except for the fard salah." [Abu
Dawood]

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Elongating the Nawafil Prayers
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It is preferred to elongate the nawafil prayers

 "The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) would stand and pray


until his feet or shanks swelled. When he was asked about it, he said:
'Should I not be a thankful slave?"' [Abu Dawood]

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Making Nawafil Prayers While Sitting
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Sitting during nawafil prayers is allowed

 'Alqamah asked 'Aishah: "How did the Prophet perform


two rak'at while sitting?" She replied: "He would recite
while sitting and then when he wished to make ruku', he
would stand and bow." [Muslim]

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Different Types of Nawafil
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 The nawafil are those prayers which are in addition to the


fard salah, as prayed by the Prophet.

 Nawafil may be divided into two types: general and specific


prayers.

 The specific nawafil prayers are referred to as al-Sunan ar-


Ratibah, or the sunnah prayers that have a specific order,
number, and so on. These include the sunnah prayers of
Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha.

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Sunan ar-Ratibah or Specific Nawafil
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Two Rakat of Fajr


The Sunnah of Dhuhr
The Sunnah of Maghrib
The Sunnah of Isha

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Nonstressed Sunnah Prayers
(As-Sunan Ghair Al-Mu'akkadah)
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Two or four rakat before Asr


Two rakat before Maghrib
Two rakat before Salatul Isha
Separating The Obligatory Prayer From The
Supererogatory

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers


Questions
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Jazakum Allah Khayran


May Allah increase our knowledge!
AMEEN

Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers