Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 50

ALCATEL BTS

Prepared By:

RIZWAN AHMED RAFIQ Operation Support Engineer

(Training & Consultancy)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

BTS Role in GSM Network

The BTS provides two-way radio communication between the PSTN and Mobile Station (Mobile Set) located in a single GSM cell. It also provides a similar link between the mobile station and the rest of the networks. The BTS provides on interface for the digital baseband signals used by the land based networks and the GSM radio signals used by mobile station.

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Logical position of BTS in BSS

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Functional Architecture of BTS

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

BTS Functions
As the principal interface between the PSTN and Mobile Stations, the BTS performs four primary functions. Transmission function: which manage the transfer of traffic and control data between the BTS and BSC. Telecommunication functions: which manage the transfer of traffic and control data between the BTS and Mobile Station. O&M function: which supervise the operation of the BTS. Support function: which provides a logical and physical environment in which the BTS functions can be realized.
Communication between the transmission, telecommunication, and O&M functions is managed according to the OSI model. The BTS functions are concerned with layer 1 (Physical), Layer 2 (Data Link), and Layer 3 (Network) of this model.
All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Transmission Functions

To minimize operating costs, all data passed between the BTS and BSC in Time division multiplexed onto a single physical interface. This is the Abis Interface, which carries all the data sent between the BSC and BTS. Logical links between the BSC and BTS handles the following information: Signaling data used for control purposes O&M data for the BTS transmission module O&M data for the BTS entities User data in the form of speech and data traffic.
All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Transmission Functions
Abis Interface: For BTS and BSC multiplexing equipment is normally connected using dedicated cabling. Other method of Abis Interface connection can be used for BTS, where the installation of the dedicated cabling in not possible. In this case, control of the transmission medium is in the hands of third party.
Microwave Link (used where line of sight radio path is available. Leased Line (Copper Cable or Fiber Optic used where the distance between the BSC and BTS is too great for microwave). Satellite Link (Used where Previous two methods are not possible)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Telecommunication Function

There are two primary telecommunication functions: Baseband Functions: Based band functions modulate and encode traffic and signaling data from the BSC according to GSM recommendations. This data is then sent to the Mobile Stations using the RF function. Traffic and signaling received from the Mobile Stations is demodulated and decoded to recover the baseband data.

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Telecommunication Function

RF Function: RF functions enable traffic and signaling to be sent and received over the Air Interface as a radio signal. A special link layer protocol ensures the reliable transfer of signaling data over the Air Interface. For antenna Diversity, the telecommunication function uplink path is duplicated. The duplicated functions intend from the antennas, through the RF functions.

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

O&M Functions

O&M functions monitor and control the correct operation of the BTS and its external interfaces. These function are shared between the BTS and BSC. The BSC provides overall control. The O&M function use Layer 2 links for BTS internal communications. A terminal connected via an MMI is used for local operator control of the BTS.

There are three categorized of O&M function:


Configuration Management Fault Management External Alarm Handling.
The O&M function also control the operation of the RF self-tests and manage the actions required by the BTS recovery Strategy.

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Support Function

The support function provides a number of services relevant to the internal working of the BTS are: Internal Power Supplies. Internal Temperature Control. Master Frequency. Clock generation and distribution. External alarm collection. Internal self tests.
All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Introduction of ALCATEL BTS


All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

BTS Circuit Breakers (BCB) Network Interface Card

External Alarm Circuit Board (EACB)

Shelf # 5

Combiners Shelf # 4

Shelf # 3 TRE

Shelf # 2

SUMA Card

Shelf # 1

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Port Address:

Formula:
16n + 1 ( n = shelf number )
This formula is for the first port of each shelf. For remaining three ports add 3 in the above formula for each port.

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

External Alarm Circuit Board (EACB)

Clock Port

Abis Patching

BTS Circuit Breakers (BCB)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

BTS Circuit Breakers (BCB)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

External Alarm Circuit Board (EACB)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Clock Port

Abis Patching

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Equipment Label

Lock Fastener

Transmitter Connector

Module Extractor

Antenna Connector

Bridge

Receiver Connector

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Equipment Label

Lock Fastener

Transmitter Connector Receiver Connector

Module Extractor Antenna Connector Bridge

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Transmitter Connector Module Extractor ON/OFF Switch

USB Test Connector

Equipment Label

Receiver Connector Lock Fastener LEDs

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Abis Connector

BTS Connection Area Connector

BTS Terminal Connector

Equipment Label

Test Connector

USB Connector LEDs

Lock Fastener

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Remote Inventory Cable (RI Cable)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Remote Inventory Cable (RI Cable)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Cabinet Cooling Fan

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Connect to Alcatel BTS Using BTS-Terminal release B9


All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

User Name (COMMTE) Or (UPGRAD)

Password (COMMTE) Or (SUMSUP)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Press Baud rate button to set it

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Select the appropriate COM Port

Select Baud rate = 19200

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Press F2 OR Connect/Disconnect button OR File->Connect/Disconnect from menu

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Menu bar will be changed on establishing successful connection

Following windows will open on establishing successful connection

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Monitor Active Alarms

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

External Active Alarms Show Here

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Show Hardware Configuration (Ctrl H)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Select OK Select All Close

Select Appropriate Module

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Rack A (BTS Cabinet # 1)

Shelf # 2

Slot # 7

SUMA Card = OMU 1

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

SBL Module States (F5)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Antenna 0=A

Antenna 1=B

RA 1= Combiner 1 Sector A VSWR Values

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

SBL Module States (F3)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

SBL Management

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

SBL Management

Read Initialize Disable Restart Reset

Select Module

Close

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Selected Module Type

State of the Module (NEQ/OPR/IT)

Execution Result

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Modify Hardware Configuration

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Remove Module

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Click Remove Select Module to Remove

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

End Modification of HW Configuration

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Following window appears (Cabling Detection in Progress)

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Click Yes

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

Final Window

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve

THANK YOU

All rights reserved 2010, Mobiserve