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Storage Type Hydropower Project

If you pump casually, you will pump forever. Pump hard to begin with and keep it up until you get that water flowing. Then a great deal will happen.

WATER FOR LIFE AND CIVILIZATION

Water for life


Water has been the key to the civilization ever since the start of the human development. Ancient Egyptyian civilization was also known as the gift of nile. Mesopotamian civilisation and the indus valley civilization in the east were on the river side.

Water for agriculture..agriculture for food...food for life

Water for power

Power hungry photos

Power demand in worlds data

Power Situation in Nepal


Nepal rely heavily on traditional source of energy. Fuel wood = 68% Bio mass = 13% Fossil fuel = 18% Hydropower = 1% Sources of energy in Nepal

Fuel wood
Bio mass Fossil Fuel hydropower

Solution to power?

Water Power

Hydrological Status of Nepal


Total annual average run-off from the nation's 600 perennial rivers :over 200 billion cu.m Around 20,000 litres of water per person per day Average annual precipitation is approximately 1700mm. 80% in monsoon season june to september.

Hydropower potential
Nepal's storage potential is estimated at 88 billion cu.m. Theoretical power potential is approximately 83,000 MW( Dr. Hari Man Shrestha) More recent estimation:52000 MW (IOE Theseus) Economically feasible potential : 43,000 MW Power harnessed: 718MW

LOAD FORCAST

Projects in Nepal

Project Name Hewa Khola Lower Piluwa Gamgad small hydropower project

Power Capacity(kW) 4455 kW 990 kW 400 kW

Remarks completed completed completed

Dhalkebar-Muzaffarpur double circuit transmission line

400 kV

Cross-border interconnection between Nepal and India. Necessary ground works are now in place for taking off the implementation. Expected to be in operation by 2014

Rasuwagadhi HydroelectricProject 111MW

Middle Bhotekoshi Hydroelectric Project

102MW

Upper Sanjen Hydroelectric Project

14.8 MW

Sanjen Hydroelectric Project

42.5 MW

Upper Modi Hydropower Project Upper Trishuli Hydropower Project Hetaunda-Bharatpur Transmission Line

47 MW 60 MW 220 kV

NEA and K-Water(S.Korea) with 20% NEA share ownership

Bhotekoshi Hydropower Project


Kulekhani-3 Hydroelectric Project Chameliya Hydrolectric Project

9 MW
14 MW 30 MW Completion date September 13,2014 tunnel breakthrough on 12th May, 2012 Overall progress of civil works is 75%

Upper Trishuli 3A

60 MW

Construction of major works of the Project is to commence only after the issuance of Work Order by the Consultant.

The Khimti Dhalkebar Double Circuit Transmission line Project

220 kV

95 % work completed the completion of the project is hampered due to obstructions created by local residents regarding the right of way issue Work is underway Almost complete and expected to be commissioned soon Substantial Progress Substantial Progress Substantial Progress Substantial Progress

Hetauda- Bharatpur Bardghat ransmission line

220 kV 132 kV 132 kV 132 kV 132 kV 132 kV

Syangja substation

Dumre-Damauli-Marsyangdi 132kV ransmission line

Singati-Lamosangu 132kV ransmission line

Kabeli 132 kV transmission line

Chapali 132 kV substation

Pathlaiya 132 kV substation

132 kV
132 kV 132 kV

Substantial Progress
Substantial Progress Substantial Progress

Matatirtha 132 kV substation extension

Second circuit stringing of Butwal Kohalpur- Mahendranagar 132 kV ransmission line

Second circuit stringing of Hetauda 132 kV Kulekhani-II - Siuchatar 132 kV transmission line

Substantial Progress

Hetauda Dhalkebar Duhabi 400 kV transmission line project

400 kV

Cross border power exchange with India

Upper Tamakoshi Hydro Power Company Limited (UTKHPL)

456 MW

NEA with 41% stake A Project Of National Pride Construction Works ongoing at full swing

Tanahu Hydropower Project

140 MW

The detailed engineering study of the project is in the final stage of completion. Construction could begin by mid 2013

Upper Trishuli 3B Hydroelectric Project

37 MW

Under development

We need power.....

WHY HYDROPOWER?

Energy sources
Traditional Energy
Wood, animal dung, agricultural-waste etc.

Commercial Energy
Fossil Fuel, Electricity etc. Alternate Energy sources Bio-gas, Solar panel, Wind etc.

Features of Hydropower
Clean and renewable Energy Cheap Energy Easy to control High efficiency

A green energy

Our Capabilities in Hydropower Design for 100MW


Design, Engineering. construction 100% Engineering, construction Roads & Bridges 100% Gates, stop logs and trash racks 100% Penstock pipes and manifolds 100% Draft Tubes and embedded parts 100% Micro, Mini Turbine 100% Tubular steel poles and accessories, towers 100% Substations 100% Distribution/ Power Transformers 100% ACSR Conductors, Power Cables 100% Generators upto 100MW (By 2010) 100%
By Er.Gyendra Lal Pradhan

Hydropower wonders then and now

Hoover Dam
First great achievement was in the form of Hoover dam constructed across the Colorado river in Black canyon of Arizona Constructed between 1931 and 1936 was the largest structure to be built then with still untested construction techniques Concrete thick arch structure 726.4 ft. high 1244 ft. long 660ft. Thick at base and 45 ft. at top Storage capacity 30,500,000 acre feet Power generation 2.8 million kilowatts

Three Gorges Dam


Largest hydropower project of the world spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, located in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China Completedc in 2006 Capacity of 22500 MW

WHY HAS THERE BEEN SUCH DIFFERENCE?

Geological factors Availability of Tenchnolgy Research Sound political and policy making

Constraints in Nepal
Geological difficulty Technological complications Young geology Low capital investments/ poor economy Political instability

Status of current powerplants in Nepal

Dificulties and Problems

Before we even initiate

Geological And Environmental


Seasonal Power Production Variations Sedimentation Transportation

Political
Decade-long conflict between the government and Maoists Obstruction in the construction of new hydroelectric power plants No proper policy to attract private sectors Butans 20 year hydro-power master plan Failure of our tenth five year plan

Political
If we have a look at the periodic development:

Plan Period Achieved

Capacity MW Target

Success (%)

Till 1991 8th Plan (1992/1997) 9th Plan (1997/02) 10th Plan (2002/07) Interim Plan (2007/10)

239.33 3.2 261 41.63 82

293 314 105

89.07% 13.26% 78.09%

Technical
No proper manpower and brain drain Lack of test labs and modern equipment Proficient construction company Reliance on foreign consultancies

Ongoing Projects
Contractor confliction Political instability Petroleum price inflation Corruption Technical

Post Project
Siltation Power grid Power theft Timely maintenance Technical

MONEY

What is money?
Money is the basic need that fulfills all the other basic needs.

Money is paper, but not really.

Money is the mode of financial transactions.

Money in the project


Infrastructure Development

Transportation of goods and construction materials


Construction of engineering structures Payment Operation and Maintenance cost

Economy and Hydropower


Apart from being a source of energy, hydropower is an important asset for our economical development.
Our overall economy is considerably affected both directly and indirectly by electricity generation ,which makes the role of hydropower very significant. Economy ,its strength and stability determines the favorability to extract maximum energy from our resources and create an investment friendly environment.

Financial Problems in Hydropower


Lack of budget

Imbalance in budget prioritization

Role of broker companies

Corruption

P.P.A.(Power Purchase Agreement)


Agreement done between government authority and private companies. PPA is done under the Single Buyer Model.

In SBM, private ownership in electricity generation only.


Electricity Act doesnt officially recommend such a system but it is prevalent as a situational default. With the introduction of Wholesale Competition Market, single buyer concept will be dissolved.

Our Project
What are we doing?

Project 1
Project Selection Site selection Site survey/collection of data Hydrological study Geological studies

Project 2
Environmental Assessment Design of hydraulic structure -River training work -Dam and intake -Penstock pipe -Surge tank -Settling basin -Turbine -Powerhouse -Headrace/Tailrace -Access road Economic analysis Project review and presentation