Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

BASEL CONVENTION

Meeting the Global Waste Challenge

What is Basel Convention?


Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs). Aims to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects resulting from the generation, management, transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous wastes.

Type: United Nations treaty Signed: 22 March 1989 Location: Basel, Switzerland Effective: 5 May 1992 Condition: Ninety days after the ratification by at least 20 signatory states Signatories: 51 Parties: 175 Depositary: Secretary-General of the United Nations Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Signed and ratified Signed but have not ratified

What are the key objectives of the Basel Convention


The overarching objective of the Basel Convention is to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes. Its scope of application covers a wide range of wastes defined as hazardous wastes based on their origin and/or composition and their characteristics, as well as two types of wastes defined as other wastes - household waste and incinerator ash.

Aims and Provisions


the reduction of hazardous waste generation and the promotion of environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes, wherever the place of disposal; the restriction of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes except where it is perceived to be in accordance with the principles of environmentally sound management; and a regulatory system applying to cases where transboundary movements are permissible.

What categories of hazardous wastes are covered by the convention ?

Hazardous Waste
is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment. toxic, poisonous, explosive, corrosive, flammable, ecotoxic and infectious are hazardous wastes covered by the Convention.

Why is hazardous waste a problem?


When it is dumped indiscriminately, spilled accidentally or managed improperly, it can cause severe health problems, even death, and poison water and land for decades.

Basel Convention in the Philippines

Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation

National strategies/policies
Implementation of programs/ projects assisting industrial facilities in coming up with an Environment Management System; Philippines developed a Business Agenda 21, promoting the use of cleaner production or cleaner technologies using waste minimization concepts; and Promotion of the Philippine Environmental Partnership program (PEPP).

Legislation, regulations and guidelines


Presidential Decree 984: Pollution Control law of 1976; Presidential Decree 1586: Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System; Republic Act 6969;Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990; Republic Act 8749: Clean Air Act of 1999; Republic Act 9003: Solid Waste Management Act of 2000; and Republic Act 9275: Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004.

Measures taken by industries/waste generators


Compliance to Republic Act 6969 specifically on the registration and reporting requirements for hazardous waste generators.

Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

National strategies/policies
1. Public awareness through the involvement of non-government organizations and SMEs are very active as far environmental issues are concerned 2. Implementation of projects/programs on industrial waste management

Legislation, Regulations and Guidelines


Presidential Decree 984: Pollution Control Law of 1976; Presidential Decree 1586: Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System; Republic Act 6969; Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990; Republic Act 8749: Clean Air Act of 1999; Republic Act 9003: Solid Waste Management Act of 2000; and Republic Act 9275: Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004.

Measures taken by industries/waste generators


Implementation of waste minimization program and operation of an Environmental Management System (EMS); and Compliance to Republic Act 6969 and its implementing rules and regulations

Sources
http://www.rona.unep.org/success_stories/st opping_hazardous_waste.html http://archive.basel.int/index.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basel_Conventio n http://www.giswatch.org/countryreport/philippines