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The Parents Developmental Tasks of Parents to-be; Mothering and Fathering

RINA M.CABALQUINTO BSN 3A

INTRODUCTION
Parenting- is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood Parenting in the early years is an exciting but challenging time. Throughout the first five years of life, your child will transform from a new baby, completely dependent on you for everything, to an independent person, with their own will and set of desires, hopes and dreams.

DUVALL EIGHT-STAGE of FAMILY LIFE CYCLE and DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS

Stage 1
Married couple (without children)
Establishing mutually satisfying

relationships and establishing relationships with members of each others families

Stage 2
Childbearing family (oldest child between birth and 30 months)
Adjusting to parenthood and creating a

home for the family

Infancy and Early Childhood


Assist the child in:

Learning to walk Learning to take solid foods Learning to talk Learning to control the elimination of body wastes Learning sex differences and sexual modesty Forming simple concepts of social and physical reality Learning to relate emotionally to parents, siblings, and other people. Learning to distinguish right from wrong and developing a conscience.

Stage 3
Families with preschool children (oldest child 2 to 6 years old)
Nurturing children and learning skills for

effective socialization of children

Stage 4
Families with school-age children (oldest child 6 to 13 years old)
Educating and socializing the children and

establishing social relationships with other families

Middle Childhood
Assist the child in:
Learning physical skills necessary for ordinary games Building wholesome attitudes toward oneself as a growing

organism Learning to get along with age-mates Learning appropriate masculine or feminine social role Developing fundamental skills in reading, writing, and calculating Developing concepts necessary for everyday living Developing conscience, morality, and a scale of values Achieving personal independence Developing attitudes toward social groups and institutions

Stage 5
Families with teenagers (oldest child 13 to 20 years old)
Helping children to balance freedom and

responsibility

Adolescence
Assist adolescents in:
Developing coping behaviors Developing strategies for resolving conflicts Achieving new and more mature relations with age-mates of both sexes Achieving a masculine or feminine social role Achieving individual independence from parents and other adults Selecting and preparing for an occupation Preparing for marriage and family life

Stage 6
Families launching young adults (first child gone to last childs leaving home)
Releasing children and developing spousal

interests; continuing to provide support to children)

Early adulthood
Accept adults chosen life-style and assist with necessary adjustments relating to health Recognize the persons commitment and the function of competence in life. Selecting a mate Learning to live with a partner Starting a family Rearing children Managing a home Getting started in an occupation

Stage 7
Middle-aged parents (empty nest to Retirement)
Solidifying the marital relationship and

maintaining contacts with other generations

Middle Age
Achieving adult civic and social responsibility Establishing and maintain an economic standard

for living Assisting teenage children to become responsible and happy adults Developing adult leisure-time activities Relating oneself to ones spouse as a person Accepting and adjusting to the physiologic changes of middle age Adjusting to aging parents

Stage 8
Aging family members (retirement to death of both spouses
Adjusting to multiple losses: spouse, job,

friends

Later maturity
Adjusting to decreasing physical strength and

health Adjusting to retirement and reduced income Adjusting to death of a spouse Establishing an explicit affiliation with ones age group Meeting social and civil obligations Establishing satisfactory physical living arrangements