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TWI CSWIP 3.

1 WIS 5 WELDING INSPECTION PRACTICAL VISUAL INSPECTION OF PIPE WELDS


World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Page 1 of 3 Name: [Block capitals] Mr. I C Plenty Code/Specification used: API 1104 Welding position: Flat /PA

EXAMPLE PIPE REPORT


Signature:

I C Plenty

Test piece ident:

001

Welding process:

MMA/SMAW

Joint type: Single V Butt Date 22/08/2003

Outside Dia & thickness 300mm x 10 mm WELD FACE


Lack of side wall fusion 98 Under fill 40

A
20 90

140

B
180

12

Arc strike 30

15

10

46 Under fill

60

Lack of side wall fusion


NOTES:

Undercut >1.0 mm

Slag inclusion Excess weld height : 3mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment: 2mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface Lack of side wall fusion

Excess weld height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment : 1mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface Slag

120

15

38

Mechanical Damage

Excess weld height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment : 2mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface

Excess weld height : 5mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment: 1mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

PIPE ROOT FACE

Lack of root fusion

Burn through

A
20 90

140

B
180

40

C
60

15

10

46 Excess penetration 5mm

Lack of root penetration


NOTES:

Root Undercut >1.0 mm

Poor stop start

Penetration height : 5mm. Toe blend: Poor Misalignment : 1mm Scale on the pipe surface

Penetration height : 3mm. Misalignment : 2mm Spatter on the pipe surface Lack of root fusion

C
120

D
120
Root Undercut <1.0mm Penetration height: 2mm. Misalignment : 2mm Spatter on the pipe surface

38

Penetration height: 3mm. Misalignment : 1mm Scale on the pipe surface

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Pipe Inspection Points


1) Use a pencil for the arrow lines, but make all written comments and measurements in ink only 2) Report everything that you can observe 3) Do not forget to compare and sentence your report 4) Do not forget to date & sign your report

5) Make any observations, such as recommendations for further investigation for crack-like imperfections.
Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

EXAMPLE WELD INSPECTION REPORT/SENTENCE SHEET


PRINT FULL NAME I C Plenty 001
Defects Noted Code or Specification Reference

SPECIMEN NUMBER
EXTERNAL DEFECTS

Defect Type

Pipe/Plate Section 1

Accumulative Total 2 4mm Poor blend 22mm N/A

Maximum Allowance 3 1.6mm Smooth None 3mm

Section/ Table No 4

Accept/Reject 5 Reject Reject Accept Accept

Excess weld metal height


Excess weld metal appearance Incomplete filling Inadequate weld width (PIPE)

A-A
A-A A-A A-A

7.8.2
7.8.2 7.8.2 7.9.2

Slag Inclusions
Undercut Surface Porosity Cracks/Crack-like defects Lack of fusion Arc strikes Mechanical damage Laps/Laminations Misalignment (Linear)

A-A
A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A

70mm long
1.5mm depth 1.5mm 40mm 22mm 30x25 NONE NONE 2mm

None
0.8mm 2mm NONE 25mm ---------------------------------3mm

7.8.2
9.7.2 Table 4 9.3.9.3 9.3.10 9.3 Not specified --------------------7.2

Reject
Reject Accept Reject* Accept Reject** Accept Accept Accept

Longitudinal seams (PIPE)

A-A

N/A

------------

----------

Accept

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Root Defects
EXTERNAL DEFECTS
Defect Type Pipe/Plate Section 1 A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A A-A

Defects Noted
Accumulative Total 2 2mm 4mm 50mm 20mm 2mm depth 0.5mm NONE 70mm long 1.5mm NONE

Code or Specification Reference


Maximum Allowance 3 3mm -----------25mm 25mm 1mm 0.8mm -----------None 2mm -----------Section/ Table No 4 7.2 Not specified 9.3.1 9.3.4 9.3.6 9.3.11 9.3.10 7.8.2 9.3.9.3 ---------Accept/Reject 5 Accept Accept Accept Accept See Notes *** Accept Accept Reject Reject Accept

Misalignment Excessive Root Penetration Incomplete Root Penetration Lack of Root Fusion Root Concavity Root Undercut Cracks/Crack-like defects Slag inclusions Porosity Laps/Laminations

This *pipe/plate has been examined to the requirements of code/specification API 1104................. and is accepted/rejected accordingly. Comments: * Request MPI testing. ** Recommend arc strikes are ground flush prior to MPI testing for cracks. *** Radiography Required

Signature......................................................... *Delete which is not applicable.

I C Plenty

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Date................................................. .................................... Use the other side for any comments.

22nd August 2003

REMEMBER!
TERMINOLOGY: Use standard terms. Do not use abbreviations. ACCURACY:

All dimensions in millimetres. No need to scale. Measurements to be as accurate as possible. PRESENTATION:


Sketch to be as neat as possible. The key to passing the examination.
Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

PRACTICAL PIPE.

QUESTIONS ?

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

1 2 3 4

5 6

HI-LO Single Purpose Welding Gauge

Internal alignment

Root gap dimension

Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Pipe Code API 1104


Reinforcement Height: 7.8.2 page 20 Reinforcement Appear: 7.8.2 page 20 Incomplete groove: 7.8.2 page 20 Misalignment: 7.2 page 19 Longitudinal seams: Not referenced Excess penetration: Not referenced Lack of penetration: 9.3.1/9.3.2 page 21 Lack of root fusion: 9.3.4 page 22 Concave root: Burn through: 9.3.6 page 22 9.3.7 page 22

Inadequate weld width: 7.8.2 page 20


Slag inclusions: Undercut: 9.3.8 page 22 9.3.11 page 24

Porosity:
Cracks: Lack of fusion:

9.3.9 page 24
9.3.10 page 24 9.3.4 page 22

Arc strikes/arc burns:


Mechanical damage: Lamination:
Copyright 2005, TWI Ltd

A.5.3 page 55
Not referenced Not referenced

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology