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CSWIP 3.

0 INSPECTION OF FILLET WELDS

TWI

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


CSWIP 3.0 Fillet Welded T Joint

F 123

Part of the CSWIP 3.0 examination is to inspect & assess a Fillet welded Tee for its size & visual acceptance to the applicable code.
World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

Fillet Weld Inspection


1. The plate reference number must be recorded in the top left hand corner of the report sheet, then the thickness of the plate must be measured and entered in the top right hand corner of the report sheet in the boxes provided.
Specimen Number F123 Material thickness: 6mm

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


2) Both the Vertical and Horizontal fillet weld leg lengths must be measured to find the minimum and maximum sizes. These values are entered in the boxes provided on the report sheet. Use the gauge as shown below:

Fillet Weld Leg Length: The gauge may be used to measure fillet weld leg lengths up to a maximum of 25mm, as shown on left.

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


3) The minimum and maximum throat thickness are measured and entered in the boxes provided on the report sheet. These values are measured as shown below:

Fillet Weld Throat Thickness:


The small sliding pointer reads up to 20mm, or inch. When measuring the throat it is supposed that the fillet weld has a nominal throat thickness, as an effective throat thickness cannot be measured in this manner.
Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


Having made all the above measurements they can be assessed to a set of values that may be simply calculated from the plate thickness. a) The minimum leg length size is the plate thickness b) The maximum leg length size is: The plate thickness + 3mm c) The minimum throat thickness is: The plate thickness x 0.7 d) The maximum throat thickness is: The plate thickness + 0.5mm
Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


For example if the plate thickness is 6mm then the following will apply:
6mm

F 123

a) The minimum leg length size is 6mm (Plate thickness) b) The maximum leg length size is 9mm (Plate thickness + 3mm) c) The minimum throat thickness is 4.2mm (Plate thickness x 0.7) d) The maximum throat thickness is 6.5mm (Plate thickness + 0.5mm
Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


This means that the measurements taken must fall inside BOTH the tolerances calculated i.e. Leg lengths must be between 6mm 9mm Throat thickness must be between 4.2 and 6.5mm If all the values are within these tolerances they are acceptable. If any of the values fall outside of the calculated tolerances then it becomes unacceptable. It is important to remember that any change in thickness will change the acceptance values calculated above.
World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

Fillet Weld Inspection


Vertical Leg Length Lowest leg measurement 7mm Highest leg measurement 8mm Actual Throat Thickness Lowest throat measurement 4.5mm Highest throat measurement 8mm Horizontal Leg Length Lowest leg measurement 5mm Highest leg measurement 10mm
Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


Practical Exam Report Sheet
Specimen Number F123 Material thickness: 6mm

1) Measure and record the following details: VERTICAL LEG LENGTH (Max & Min) HORIZONTAL LEG LENGTH (Max & Min) = Max 8mm Min 7mm

= Max 10mm Min 5mm Min 4.5mm

DESIGN THROAT THICKNESS (Max & Min) = Max 8mm

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


2) Sentence the fillet weld dimensions using the following design criteria: MINIMUM LEG LENGTH: Material thickness (6mm) MAXIMUM LEG LENGTH: Material thickness + 3mm (9 mm) MINIMUM THROAT THICKNESS: Material thickness x 0.7 (4.2 mm) MAXIMUM THROAT THICKNESS: Material thickness + 0.5mm (6.5 mm)

The VERTICAL LEG LENGTH Please state: ACCEPT The HORIZONTAL LEG LENGTH Please state: REJECT The THROAT THICKNESS Please state: REJECT
Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

ACCEPT or REJECT?

ACCEPT or REJECT?

ACCEPT or REJECT?

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Fillet Weld Inspection


Having assessed the weld for its size an inspection can then be made on the surface to locate any imperfections. Firstly; the report sheet requests the inspector to indicate the number of locations that the following imperfections occur, if any? 3) The number of places that they occur should now be entered in the box as follows: UNDERCUT APPEAR? OVERLAP APPEAR? LACK OF FUSION APPEAR? CRACKS APPEAR? POROSITY APPEAR? SOLID INCULSIONS? MISC: [ARC STRIKES etc] 3 places None None None 2 Areas 1 Slag Inclusion Spatter

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


4) For the defects recorded state: MAXIMUM length (and DEPTH if applicable) of each defect UNDERCUT: OVERLAP: LACK OF FUSION: CRACKS: POROSITY: SOLID INCLUSIONS: Length: 15 mm Depth: Smooth 1.0mm Length: -------- Depth: --------Length: -------- Depth: --------Length: -------- Depth: --------Length: 6mm Length: 4mm Depth: Maximum Depth: ---------

MISC:[ ARC STRIKES] Length: Spatter Depth: --------Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


5) Then, assess the levels of imperfections allowed by the applicable code which is provided: UNDERCUT: OVERLAP: LACK OF FUSION: CRACKS: POROSITY: SOLID INCLUSION: MISC: [ARC STRIKES] ACCEPT ACCEPT ACCEPT ACCEPT REJECT REJECT REJECT* (Accept (Accept (Accept (Accept (Accept (Accept (Accept or Reject?) or Reject?) or Reject?) or Reject?) or Reject?) or Reject?) or Reject?)

* All spatters should have been removed prior to submission for inspection

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology

Fillet Weld Inspection


6) Finally accept or reject the weld used for your visual inspection as follows: IS THE WELD ACCEPTABLE? Signature: Name: Date: I C Plenty I C Plenty 01-01-04 NO YES/NO?

This now completes the Fillet Welded T Joint Inspection Assessment.

Copyright 2004, TWI Ltd

World Centre for Materials Joining Technology