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OWF000101 HLR9820 SYSTEM OVERVIEW


ISSUE 2.2
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Introduction
HLR (Home Location Register) HLR9820 of HUAWEI consists of some elements This course gives a general introduction to HLR9820

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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Master the structure of HUAWEI HLR9820


Know the functions of each part Know the elements of HLR9820 and the relationship of them Know the basic performance parameter

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Documentation
HUAWEI HLR9820V600R001 Technical Manual

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Chapter 1 System Structure


Chapter 2 Components and Functions Chapter 3 System Performance

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Position of HLR in WCDMA system


TUP/ISUP Le Gi

GMSC
TUP/ISUP TUP/ISUP J C,D C

GMLC
Lh

CN
GGSN
Gp

Gc

SCP
CAP

HLR/ AuC
Gs

Gn

Gr

MSC/ VLR

MSC/ VLR
A IuCs

SGSN

Ga

CG

Gb

IuPs

BSS
Abis

BSC

RNC

UTRAN
Iubis

Ir

RNC

BTS
Um

BTS
Uu

NodeB

MS

UE

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Interfaces of HLR

NAME
C D Gr Gc J Lh

Relative Part
MSC/GMSC/S MC VLR SGSN GGSN SCP MLC

Usage
Provide Routing information during the call MM of CS and AUC process MM of PS CM of PS Process of MAP messages Process of MAP messages

Type
E1/IP/ATM E1/IP/ATM E1/IP/ATM E1/IP/ATM E1/IP/ATM E1/IP/ATM

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MAP Protocol Stack


C/D/lu Gs/Gr HLR MAP TCAP SCCP MTP-3 MTP-2 MTP-1 MAP TCAP SCCP MTP-3 SCTP MTP-2 IP MTP-1 MAC IP MAC SCTP SAAL PVC UNI/IMA SAAL PVC UNI/IMA HLR MAP TCAP SCCP M3UA MAP TCAP SCCP M3UA C/D/lu Gs/Gr HLR MAP TCAP SCCP MTP3B MAP TCAP SCCP MTP3B C/D/lu Gs/Gr

(a) TDM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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(C) ATM

Function of HLR/AuC
Home location registerHLR

Maintenance of Database for Mobile Subscriber The information in DB consists of some services parameter, location information of subscribers
Authentication Center AuC

Generates and stores authentication information for Mobile Subscriber

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Networking of HLR9820
2G Local VMSC 3G Local SGSN 3G Local MSC Server STP 2G GMSC/VMSC GGSN 3G MSC Server SCP
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TDM TDM TDM TDM

HLR

TDM

TDM

TDM TDM
TDM

No.7

TDM Networking

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Networking of HLR9820
IP

2G Local VMSC 3G Local SGSN

GGSN

TDM TDM TDM

IP

IP

IP

SG

HLR
SG
TDM STP TDM No. 7

Route r

IP

IP

3G MSC Server
IP

3G Local MSC Server


2G GMSC/VMSC
TDM TDM TDM TDM

SCP

GGSN
3G MSC Server SCP

IP Networking

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Networking of HLR9820
IP

2G Local VMSC 3G Local SGSN

GGSN

TDM TDM TDM

IP

IP

HLR
TDM STP

Route r

IP

IP

3G MSC Server
IP

3G Local MSC Server


2G GMSC/VMSC
TDM TDM TDM TDM

SCP

TDM No. 7

GGSN
3G MSC Server SCP

Hybrid Networking

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Networking of HLR9820
ATM

2G Local VMSC 3G Local SGSN 3G Local MSC Server 2G GMSC/VMSC GGSN 3G MSC Server SCP

GGSN

TDM TDM

ATM

ATM

HLR
TDM
STP

ATM
ATM

3G MSC Server SCP

TDM

TDM
TDM TDM TDM

TDM No. 7

ATM Networking

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Questions
Whats name of interface between HLR and MSCVLR

SCPSGSNGGSN

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Answer

CDJGrGc

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Chapter 1 System Structure


Chapter 2 Components and Functions Chapter 3 System Performance

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Structure of HLR9820
HLR9820

Other Switches

SAU

HDU

BAM SMU

Business Hall NMS


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Structure of HLR9820
HLR9820 consists of SAU,HDU,SMU and BAM:
SAU (Signaling Access Unit) HDU (HLR Database Unit) SMU (Subscriber Management Unit) BAM (Back Administration Module)

HLR9820 hardware only consist of SAU,HDU,BAM. Function of SMU are implement in BAM.

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Introduction to SAU
SAU (Signaling Access Unit) response for access of IP and No.7 signaling

network

HLR9820

Other Switches

SAU BAM SMU

HDU

Business Hall
NMS
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Components of SAU
SAUSwitch for access and transfer of signaling

Provides physical interfaces for IP/No.7 signaling Processes signaling under MAP layer Transfers MAP signaling to HDU

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Introduction to HDU
HDUHLR database

HLR9820
Other Switches

unit
Storage of

subscribers data
Process O&M

SAU BAM SMU

HDU

operation come from SMU for sub.s data


Process MAP

operation come from SAU


Implement AuC

NMS

Business Hall

function
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Introduction to HDU

HDU is a dual system Based on SUN/IBM server Oracle Database

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Introduction to SMU
SMU: Subscriber Management Unit; The function of SMU is implemented by software in BAM

HLR9820

Other Switches

SAU

HDU

BAM SMU

Business Hall
NMS
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Introduction to SMU
Server provides interface to SMU client. SMU client operates

Subscribers data through UI interface;


Server provides opened interface to BOSS. To meet the

requirements of different operation modes on the subscriber data from clients.


SMU Server/client mode

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Introduction to BAM
BAM; Back Administration Module
Communication bridge between switch and NMS To store data and program for SAU

HLR9820

Other Switches

SAU

HDU

BAM SMU Business Hall NMS


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Introduction to BAM
Management for the SAU, HDU and SMU:

Alarm processing Performance management Equipment status management


Interfaces to network management system (NMS)
SMU software and BAM software are usually installed on one

Window 2000 server.

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Introduction to O&M
O&M of HLR9820 is implement by LMT which is installed in BAM or WS. It also can be implemented through M2000 server.

HLR9820

Other Switches

SAU

HDU

LMT

BAM SMU Business Hall

NMS
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Introduction to O&M
FM: Fault Management PM: Performance Management CM: Configuration Management LMT: O&M of HLR

O&M Server/client mode

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Chapter 2 Component and Function


2.1 Structure 2.2 SAU 2.3 HDU 2.4 SMU 2.5 BAM 2.6 Introduction of O&M

2.7 Configuration Principle

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Configuration of HLR9820
Two solutions for HLR9820

Have different in HDU


SUN solution for HDU IBM solution for HDU

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SUN Solution
Only need one cabinet for whole HLR Supports 100,000~600,000 subscribers Extend Smoothly

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IBM Solution
Two cabinets are

needed for IBM solution. One for HDU, another for other equipments
Support

100,000~2,000,000 subscribers
Extend Smoothly

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Question

Which part processes SCCP signaling?


Which part processes MAP signaling? Which part provides interface to BOSS? Where is subscribers data? What will happen if SMU failed? What will happen if BAM failed?

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Answer

SAU HDU SMU HDU Services are OK, but subscribers data cant be maintained. Services are OK, but SAU cant be maintained.

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Chapter 1 System Structure


Chapter 2 Components and Functions Chapter 3 System Performance

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Chapter 3 Technical Parameters of HLR9820


3.1 Functions of HLR9820
3.2 Performance Parameters

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Functions of HLR9820
Supports 2G/3G network Supports 3GPP R99/R4 Supports IP/TDM/ATM network Provides AuC function in HDU

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Abundant Services

Traditional services Telecom service Bearer Service Supplementary Service (SS) GPRS CAMEL Service USSD

3G services by 3GPP R99R4

Pre-paging LCS (Location services) Support CAMEL3 Support UMTS subscriber

Explicit Call Transfer (ECT)

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Operation and Maintenance


Data configuration management Subscriber data management Traffic statistics (performance management) function Automatic backup of the database

Alarming function
Network element maintenance function Tracing function Log Flow Control Function

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Chapter 3 Technical Parameters of HLR9820


3.1 Functions of HLR9820
3.2 Performance Parameters

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Integrated Equipment Performance Indices


Parameter Maximum capacity Bearer networking mode supported 64 Kbps signaling link number supported 2 Mbps signaling link number supported Index 2 million TDM/IP/ATM 640 20

Time for defining a single subscriber


Number of subscribers defined per second with the template

<1 sec.
10

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Reliability Indices
Parameter Integrated reparation ratio Availability Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) Mean Time To Repair (MTTR) (not including the time of transportation) 0.3 99.999% 25000hours 15 minutes Index

Startup time from powering on the system till providing service


When the system has powered on, the interval from starting the application till providing the service

10 minutes
1 minutes

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Question

Whats LCS Whats Maximum capacity of HLR9820

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Answer

1. 2.

Location Services 2 million

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Summary
On completion of this course, the trainees should

master the whole structure of HLR9820

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Thank You
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