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Introduction Why sky X- Technology? Working Details Application Merits Demerits


Introduction :
Satellites are an attractive option for carrying Internet and

other IP traffic to many locations across the globe where terrestrial options are limited .
The Sky X technology replaces TCP over satellite link with

a protocol optimized for the high loss and bandwidth conditions of the typical satellite communication.
Adding the Sky X system to a satellite network allows users

to take full advantage of the available bandwidth

The Sky X technology transparently enhances the performance of all users on a satellite network .
The Sky X increases web performance by 3 times or more and file transfer speeds by 10 to 100 times. The Sky X solution is entirely transparent to end users, works with all TCP applications and does not require any modifications to end client and servers.

Why sky X-Technology???

Satellites are ideal for providing internet and private network access over long distance and to remote locations.
However the internet protocols are not optimized for satellite conditions and consequently the throughput over the satellite networks is restricted to only a fraction of available bandwidth. Thus We need sky x technology to over come these restrictions and to access maximum bandwidth.


Sky X Technology Overcome TCP Performance Limitations.

connected by using cables or optical fibers by using its many features of elements of the TCP architecture, including it s window sizing, congestion avoidance algorithms, and data acknowledgment mechanisms, which contribute to severely constrict the data throughput that can be achieved over satellite links.

Even though the TCP is very effective in the local network

But the satellite conditions adversely interact with a number

Thus the advantages achieved by TCP in LAN's are

no longer effective in the satellite link.

So it is desirable to design a separate protocol for

communication through the satellite to eliminate the disadvantages of using TCP over the sat

Sky X products increase the performance of IP

over satellite through a combination of protocol connection-splitting, data compression.

The Sky X gateway works by transparently replacing TCP

connections from the client and converting the data to Xpress Transport protocol (XTP) for the hop over the satellite link .
The Sky X system delivers the Web objects to the Sky X

gateway on the client side of the satellite link where they can be served locally when requested by the browser, avoiding the satellite delay.
The sky X client/server system enhances the performance

of the internet and private network access over satellite links

XTP Protocol :
Xpress Transport Protocol (XTP) is a transport layer protocol

for high-speed networks promoted by the XTP Forum developed to replace TCP.
XTP provides protocol options for error control, flow control,

and multicast mode.

Instead of separate protocols for each type of communication,

XTP controls packet exchange patterns to produce different models.

Characteristics of XTP :
1> Error control
2> flow Control 3>Byte ordering 4>Prioritization Issues 5>Multicast mode 6>Selective Retransmission 7>Multi-packet handshaking


Multi-Packet Handshaking :


The scenario above depicts how XTP can reliably set up a

connection between two user processes, transmit data, and close the connection with a minimum of three packets .

In this scenario, the source initially transmits packet (A) . At the

destination the header is examined and it is determined that the source wishes to establish a connection The packet's data are then queued for transfer to the waiting destination user process .

After successfully transferring the received data to the host, the

destination complies by sending control packet (B) .

This packet acknowledges the receipt of the data, and indicates

that the destination is also ready t o close the connection.

On receiving packet (B), the sender emits control packet (C), and

closes its side of the connection thus completing the three way handshake.

Sky x-Gateway :
The Sky X gateway works by intercepting the TCP connection from the client and converting the data to the XTP for transmission over the satellite. The Sky X gateway on the opposite side of the satellite link translates the data back to TCP for communication with the server. This architecture offers vastly improved performance while remaining entirely transparent to the end user and fully compactable with the internet infrastructure. No changes are required to the client or server and all applications continue to function without modification.

The SkyX Gateway XR10 is well suited to networks with

high latency, high bit error and asymmetric links.

Designed as an remote device, it performs best at maximum

bandwidth with a single, very large FTPand supports an industry-best number of simultaneous sessions and connection turnover rate.


Application :
Used for Satellite communication.
Used for accessing web in fastest speed. Used For data transfer, File Transfer



Merits :
1> Increases web performance 3 times faster.
2> Does not require any modifications to end

client and servers.

3>Sky X Gateway provides fast, efficient, fully

reliable multicast file transfers.


Future enhancement :
A product called XipLink which is under

developing will replace the Sky X.

It is very much the same as the Sky X with

extra capabilities.
It optimize all TCP/IP traffic, basically the link



Conclusion :
Thus Sky -x technology is best suited for for satellite communication using XTP protocol and Sky x gateway.
The Sky X system of a satellite network

allows users to take full advantage of the available bandwidth

It gives all features required for successful

data Transmission.

Bibliography :
The Xpress Transfer Protocol (XTP) A Paper by Robert M. Sanders and Alfred C. Weaver, University of Virginia weaver@virginia .edu.
Research and Development of High-End Computer Networks at GSFC . by J. Patrick

Gary. Earth and Space Data Computing Division.


Any Questions???


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