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AUDIT OF CASH BALANCE

23

Society Expects A Lot From Auditors

Cash in the Bank and Transaction Cycles

Cash in the Bank and Transaction Cycles


Failure to bill a customer Billing a customer at a lower price than called for by company policy a defalcation of cash by interception of cash receipts from customers before they are recorded, with the account charged off as a dab debt Duplicate payment of a vendors invoice Improper payments of officers personal expenditures Payment for raw materials that were not received Payment to an employee for more hours than he or she worked

Payment of interest to a related party for an amount in excess


of the going rate

General Cash Account

Imprest Payroll Account


Branch Bank Account

Imprest Petty Cash Fund


Cash Equivalents

FIGURE 22 -2

AUDIT OF THE GENERAL CASH ACCOUNT

Receipt of a Bank Confirmation

Receipt of a Cutoff Bank Statement Tests of the Bank Reconciliation

FIRGURE 22 -4

Working Paper for a Bank Reconciliation

FIRGURE 22 - 5

Standard Confirmation of Financial Institution Account Balance Information

Types of audit Tests Used for General Cash in the Bank


FIRGURE 22 - 5

FRAUD-ORIENTED PROCEDURES

Extended Tests of the Bank Reconciliation All recorded cash receipts were deposited. All deposits in the bank were recorded in the accounting records. All recorded cash disbursements were paid by the bank. All amounts that were paid by the bank were recorded.

Proof

of Cash

A reconciliation of the balance on the bank statement with the general ledger balance at the beginning of the proof-of-cash period. A reconciliation of cash receipts deposited per the bank with the cash receipts journal for a given period. A reconciliation of cancelled checks clearing the bank with the cash disbursements journal for a given period. A reconciliation of the balance on the bank statement with the general ledger balance at the end of the proof-of-cash period.

FIGURE 22 - 7

Interim Proof of Cash

Types of Cash Accounts and their Relationship to the General Cash Account

FIGURE 22 - 8

Interbank Transfer working Paper

Petty cash is a unique account because it is often immaterial in amount,yet it is verified on many audits. The account is verified primarily because of the potential for defalcation and the clients expectation of an audit review even when the amount is immaterial.

Transactions in most cycles affect the cash account. Wait to audit the ending cash balance until the controls and substantive tests of transactions have been completed for all cycles. Tests of the cash balance normally include include tests of the bank reconciliations of key cash accounts, such as the general cash accounts, imprest payroll account, and imprest petty cash fund.

Cash receipts recorded in the cash receipts journal but lost before deposit. A check recorded in the cash disbursements journal for an amount $100
greater than the amount that the check was written for.

Which of the Following Misstatements Will Be Uncovered by a Carefully Prepared Independent Bank Reconciliation?

Cash receipt lost before it was recorded in the cash receipts journal. Bank debit memo that should have been charged to a different customer. A check written for $100 more than the amount on the vendors invoice. A stop-payment by a customer where the client was not informed that the
stop-payment had taken place.

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