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the boundless, three-dimensional extent in

which objects and events occur and have relative position and direction. topos (i.e. place) - Physics of Aristotle (Book IV, Delta) Space travel is becoming a common occurrence. Satellites and spacecrafts are being launched to provide man the proper information. *Satellite is any object that revolves around the earth. Satellites can be man-made or natural satellites. An example of a natural satellite is the moon.

space is no more than the collection of

spatial relations between objects in the world: "space is that which results from places taken together". space was an idealized abstraction from the relations between individual entities or their possible locations and therefore could not be continuous but must be discrete. argued that space could not exist independently of objects in the world because that implies a difference between two universes exactly alike except for the location of the material world in each universe

developed a theory of knowledge in

which knowledge about space can be both a priori and synthetic that statements about space are not simply true by virtue of the meaning of the words in the statement rejected the view that space must be either a substance or relation He came to the conclusion that space and time are not discovered by humans to be objective features of the world, but are part of an unavoidable systematic framework for organizing our experiences

He took space to be more than

relations between material objects and based his position on observation and experimentation For a relationist there can be no real difference between inertial motion, in which the object travels with constant velocity, and non-inertial motion, in which the velocity changes with time, since all spatial measurements are relative to other objects and their motions. But Newton argued that since noninertial motion generates forces, it must be absolute. it must be a result of non-inertial motion relative to space itself

Theorized that a

projectile launched at with sufficient speed and height would be able to orbit around the earth.

The motion of an orbiting satellite is the same as the

motion of an object in circular motion.

Its velocity is directed tangentially at any point of its

circular path and is accelerated towards the center by a central force.

The Centripetal Force causes the satellite to orbit

around the earth.

A satellite is falling continuously toward the earth but

its high tangential speed keeps it from hitting the Earth.

Geozynchronous satellites are satellites that stay above

the same point on the equator of the Earth.

is a condition equivalent to experiencing no

acceleration or gravitational attraction, e.g., far from a planet, star, or other massive body. The term zero gravity is often used synonymously when referring to the absence of gravity. From the equivalence principle for acceleration and gravitational attraction it follows that weightlessness can also be experienced in free fall, which is the cause of weightlessness of objects in orbit about the Earth

The orbit is maintained by the

object's inertia tangential to its flight path and its acceleration towards the center of the Earth, resulting in a curved orbit around the planet Is a sensation felt by a person when there are no external objects touching ones body exerting push or pull on it. You will feel weightless in a free fall Does not mean loss of weight.

People who rides spacecrafts who go far from the

Earth, and other attracting bodies. The force of Gravity will be small because of the distance. They will experience real weightlessness. The human body is adapted to the gravitational field at the surface of the Earth and a weightless environment can have adverse effects on human health. In the short term, these may include space sickness, while in the long term more serious problems Weightlessness in space can harm our body:
Muscles lose their tone (Muscle atrophy)

Bones become brittle ( bone Loss)

Red blood cells may diminish.

1. What is any object that revolves around the earth? 2. It is the sensation of a person when there is no push or pull. 3. What causes the satellite to orbit the Earth? 4. Who theorizes that a projectile launched at with sufficient speed and height would be able to orbit around the earth? 5. A kind of satellite that stay above the same point on the equator of the Earth. 6. Who rejected the view that space must be either a

substance or relation?
7. Give 1 example of a natural satellite. 8-10. 3 harmful effects of weightlessness.