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Sustainable Village Model

Biswarup Saha (PGP/15/010) Neha Gautam (PGP/15/029) Pradipta Baisya (PGP/15/34) Sasikanth Bapatla (PGP/15/049) Sujata Arya (PGP/15/056) Vijeta SHrivastava (PGP/15/061)

MOTIVATION PROBLEM STRUCTURING CASE STUDIES MODEL VILLAGE ROLE OF INSTITUTIONS VIDEO

SRI AUROBINDO
The village is the cell of the national body and the cell life must be healthy and developed for the national body to be healthy and developed we must begin at the bottom and work up to the apex.

RURAL POPULATION
Populati on Povert y Level (2004) 25.7%
URBA N

Number of people (in lakh) 807.96

31.16%

RURA L

68.84%

28.3%

2209.24

EDUCATION
50% - Children who drop
out of school before the age of 12

59%
Lack of proper schools

- rural school without drinking water - female literacy rate rural

31%

25% - absentee rate of


public sector teachers
Lack of books

59%

- rural school without drinking water

HEALTH CARE
2.2
Malnutrition

Poor sanitation Infant mortality rate Drinking Water

million Rural children dying every year from curable diseases like malaria, diarrhea, etc

40% - Absentee rate of


public sector medical workers Nearest health centre is at an average distance of 7.2 km.

Diseases

INFRASTRUCTURE
50% of the villages in
the country do not have all weather roads

65% - Households in
Lack of proper roads

Lack of irrigation

electrified villages do not receive benefits of electricity even now Lack of co-operative societies, farmers union Lack of community development programs

RURAL UTILITIES
96% - Rural households
dependent on bio fuel

30% - Rural population


Lack of drinking water

that had access drinking water Houses are made and have thatched No toilets and facilities

to safe of mud roof sewage

Lack of clean fuel

AGRICULTURE
Lack of agricultural research facilities Marketing and, crop and animal protection services Dependent on weather
Lack of Market Infrastructure Lack of Transport Infrastructure

Traditional farming
Lack of Irrigation Infrastructure

INCREASE IN TRANSACTION COSTS

ENVIRONMENT
Direct impact on environment Sheer poverty No or restricted access to sustainable energy Burning of agricultural wastes ,fire wood Growing use of chemical inputs

INCREASING POPULATION ABUSE RESOURCES POLLUTION

THE VICIOUS CYCLE


Poor Econom ic Conditi on Illitera cy Unhealth y Agricultu ral Practices Poor Administra tion Bad Habits Poor Infrastruct ure Poor Rural Utilities Unhealthy Social Practices Ignoran ce

Poor Agricultu re Poor Standard of Living

Social Evils

CONSEQUENCE
Ecosyst em People Ecologi cal Refuge es

Poor Standa rd of Living

Migrati on

Guanhong, Sichuan Province, China

Bharatpur District, Rajasthan

Concerns leading to the adoption of a Sustainable Village Model


GUANGHONG - CHINA
- Electrification - inadequate transport & communication infra - Weak Social capital - No efficient platform for social & economic interaction

BHARATPUR - INDIA
- Inadequate irrigation - Inadequate roads - No basic sanitation - No subsidy for clean energy options like biogas

No small scale rural industries

- Lack of employment - Migration to cities - Debt from private money lenders - Failure to payment

Problems in resource utilization(natural , human)

BUILDING BLOCKS OF SOLAR ECO VILLAGE MODEL, BHARATPUR

BUILDING BLOCKS OF GUANHONG SUSTAINABLE VILLAGE MODEL

Weak Social Capital

Low Resource Utilization

Lack of electrification

SUSTAINABLE VILLAGE MODEL

VISION
MISSION Health, wealth and happiness for citizens
of villages

OBJECTIVE Is to provide urban amenities at rural


areas

GOAL to earn their essentials, such as food,


employment, skill, health, education, clothing, sanitation, clean water and air, for peaceful and happy living

AIM is to optimize available resource and using


individuals inherent potential for the benefit of self and community and create a sustainable village

PHASE - 0
Participato ry rural appraisal

Plan Developm ent Grass root problem & Constraint Identificati on

PHASE - I

POWER

WATER

EDUCATI ON

HEALTHC ARE

FOOD

Goal 1 Provide Basic Necessities

IMPLEMENTATION
Off Grid installations Solar PV Panels Small hydro installations preserving ecosystem Biomass, husk based based generation

Local distribution network to be set

Metered usage to be promoted tariff based on usage

Manifold effects of direct & indirect employment along with electrification

EDUCATION
Ensure 100% attendance of all children (boys and girls) of the village in these schools Separate facilities for primary and secondary education Provision of electricity and initiation into basic things like computer classes Primary education includes educating them about hygiene issues, environmental issues Secondary education will include vocational training Facilities like drinking water, sanitation facilities, midday meals, etc

IMPLEMENTATION
Villages nearby coming together to setup infrastructure Involve NGOs -organizing advisory & health checkup camps Community participation and selfreliance Community Owned- Water Purifying & Public Toilets

Ambulance facility

Maternity Care

IMPLEMENTATION
Funding Avail of government schemes Infrastructure Infrastructu re developmen t Build sanitation facilities Operational Teacher training centres Evening classes for adults Occupation for the girls of the village Support Extracurricu lar activities Work with government and NGOs to get adequate support

IMPLEMENTATION
Organic farming Watershed management Shift from subsidy based regime to highly productive, internationally competitive, diversified agriculture sector Empowering small farmers Credit system with lower interest rates Establishment of gene banks Integrated pesticide management

INPUT COSTS Seeds, Fertilize rs

ITCs e - CHOUPAL
STOCKIST AGRI INPUT RETAILER TRADER
PAKK A ADAT

BROKER

FARME R
GOVT UNIV MET DEP Weather, Modern & scientific farming practices

KACCH A ADAT

MONE Y LENDE R

P R O C E S S O R

DEPT OF AGRI VLW

PHASE - II
Goal 1 Provide Basic Necessities MICRO
FINAN CE MICRO BUSINE SS

TRAINI NG MARKETAB LE STRUCTUR E TO THE SMALL FARMERS

Goal 2 Community self sufficiency

PHASE - III
TECHNOLO GY INFUSION SOLAR ENERGY, Informatio n technology

Goal 3 Diversification of means of income


FOOD PROCESSI NG

HANDICRA RECYCLE RURAL FISHERIES FT INDUSTRY TOURISM

ECO TOURISM

Environm ent
SUSTAINAB LE
Viable natural environment

Social Economic DEVELOPMEN


Nurturing T community Sufficient economy

Role of institutions

FRAMEWORK

& G IN IO D N LAT U F GU S E R N

SUPPORT

ROLE OF FORMAL INSTITUTIONS

Funding Infrastructur e - PPP Regulation Collaboratio n with NGOs

Funding & Infrastructur e Sourcing, Supplying Technology Guidance

Intermediary Advisory Facilitator Grievance Handling

Local Administration

Government

Corporate

NGOs

Regulatory Appointment Developing Social capital Communicat ion

ROLE OF INFORMAL INSTITUTIONS

Marketin g

Financin g

COC Socia l Capit al Cooperatives

Distribut ion

Organizi ng

Employme nt