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GEO SPATIAL

PSYCHOLOGICAL

GEO MATERIAL GEO DEMOGRAPHIC

POLITICAL

ECONOMY SOCIAL MILITARY POLITICAL ENERGY

TECHNOLOGY

37 6 N

BOUNDED BY

HIMALAYAS IN NORTH INDIAN OCEAN IN SOUTH ARABIAN SEA TO THE WEST BAY OF BENGAL TO EAST

2993 KM
A SUBCONTINENT NATURAL LAND AND OCEAN BARRIERS ALSO A VULNERABILITY

UNIQUE LOC IN EURASIA

3214 KM 97 25 E

68 7 E

8 4 N

- 32,87,263 sq km - 15200 km land frontier - 7,517 km coastline

STRATEGIC LOC
Ability to control the Indian Ocean

SLOCs. About 90% of the world trade passes through the Indian Ocean

Vast maritime, economic and energy resources.

NEIGHBOURS

PAKISTAN LC SIR CREEK SIACHEN

CHINA AKSAI CHIN ARUNACHAL SIKKIM

BANGLADESH ENCLAVES UNDEMARCATED BORDER

India occupies 2.4% of worlds land area, supports over 17.5% of worlds population India has more arable land area than any country except United States

Arable land Irrigated land -

48.83%.
20%(622,860 sq km)

NATURAL RESOURCES

ENERGY RESOURCES

ENERGY NEEDS

GEODEMOGRAPHY

TOTAL POPULATION 1,210,193,422 GROWTH RATE -1.41% LIFE EXPECTANCY 69.2 YRS

DEMOGRAPHY
Linguistic Break up

Religious Break up

DEMOGRAPHY
YOUTH BULGE Quarter of the projected increase in the global population aged 1564 years between 2010 and 2040 will occur in India In 2020, the average Indian will be only 29 years old LOW BIRTH RATES

STRENGTHS
STRATEGIC LOC CONTROL OF SLOC NATURAL BARRIERS RICH IN FERROUS AND NON FERROUS MINERALS LARGE ARABLE LAND FAVOURABLE BULGE IN POPULATION DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND VAST MARITIME RESOURCES

WEAKNESSES
VULNERABILITY OF FRONTIERS ESPECIALLY COASTLINE LACK OF ENERGY RESOURCES MONSOON DEPENDENCY LOW HDI BORDER DISPUTES WITH NEIGHBOURS

ECONOMY
11TH LARGEST (NOMINAL)/ 3RD(PPP) GDP $1.676 TRILLION GROWTH RATE 4.9 % (0CT 12)

UNEMP 9.8%

EXPORTS $299.4 BN

IMPORTS $461.4 BN

FOREX RES $288.92 BN

GROSS EXTERNAL DEBT - $ 289.7 BN

ECONOMY
INDUSTRY TRADE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR SERVICES SECTOR

28% OF GDP

49% SHARE IN ECONOMY

52% WORKFORCE, ONLY 16% OF GDP

STRONGEST PERFORMER

LIBERALISED FDI

20 TH RANK IN WORLD TRADE

OUTPUT / UNIT AREA IS 50% OF AVERAGE WORLD YIELD

34% WORKFORCE, 55% OF GDP

POOR INFRASTRUCTURE

GROWING TRADE DEFICIT

LARGE SUBSIDIES

OVERALL HIGH GROWTH IN SUB SECTORS

STRENGTHS
STRONG AND VIBRANT CONSISTENT HIGH GROWTH SERVICES SECTOR DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION HUGE MARKET FDI

WEAKNESSES
MANUFACTURING SECTOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH SUBSIDIES FISCAL DEFICIT TRADE DEFICIT

MILITARY
Maintains third-largest military force with roughly 1.32 million active standing army and about 2.14 million reserve forces. Indian defence budget US$38 billion during FY201213, at about 1.9% of GDP, with additional spending on infrastructure in border areas and for paramilitary organizations Military expenditure ranks tenth in world

MILITARY
THIRD LARGEST STANDING ARMY
RICH COMBAT EXPERIENCE HIGH INVOLVMENT IN IS DUTIES MODERNIZATION UNDERWAY BUT PACE IS SLOW

WORLD'S FIFTH LARGEST NAVY


TWO AIRCRAFT CARRIERS UNDER INDUCTION CURRENTLY OPERATES AROUND 170 SHIPS EXPANDING ITS INFLUENCE IN IOR

FOURTH LARGEST AIR FORCE IN WORLD.


ONLY 35 SQNS AGAINST AUTH OF 42 RAPID MODERNIZATION INDIGENOUS CAPABILITIES

NUCLEAR CAPABILITY
NUCLEAR TRIAD

ADVANCED MSL TECHNOLOGY


CREDIBLE MINIMUM DETERRENCE NO FIRST USE

EDUCATION

EDUCATION
25% Indians Illiterate

57% College professors lack qualifications

Only 15% reach high school

EDUCATION

25% teaching positions vacant

Just 7% graduate

Elementary Education
Child labour, infra, teacher absenteeism, high dropout rate

Higher Education
Lack of growth of institutes with faculty and infrastructure

GeoDemogra phy Base

Educatio n Means

Right to Education Act, 2009

Gross Enrolment Ratio about half of worlds average

SARVA SIKSHA ABHIYAN

China has shot past by 10%

India Census 2011 - Literacy Rate of Population in Percent(%) Sr. State/Union Literacy No. Territory Rate 0 INDIA 74.04 1 Kerala 93.91 2 Lakshadweep 92.28 3 Mizoram 91.58 4 Tripura 87.75 5 Goa 87.40

31 32 33 34 35

Andhra Pradesh Jharkhand Rajasthan Arunachal Pradesh Bihar

67.66 67.63 67.06 66.95 63.82

POLITICAL SYSTEM
LEGISLATURE
PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY SECULAR & STABLE

EXECUTIVE
COLONIAL LEGACY
LACK OF ACCOUNTABILITY

JUDICIARY
INDEPENDENT AND EFFECTIVE HIGHER JUDICIAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS WELL LOWER JUDICIARY SLOW AND HUGE BACKLOGS

COALITION POLITICS

FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES

RAMPANT CORRUPTION

Governance is the weakest link in our quest for prosperity and equity - Second Administrative Reforms Commission

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

TECHNOLOGY
TRAINED MANPOWER
ONE OF THE LARGEST IN THE WORLD

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

SPACE TECH

OTHER TECH

CONTRIBUTES 5.19% OF GDP

GEARED TOWARDS NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

AUTOMOBILE ANCILLARIES

VAST ENGLISH SPEAKING POPULATION

CORE COMPETENCY FOR INDIA

PSLV AND GSLV CAPABILITY

MOLECULAR MEDICINE AND BIOTECH

TECHNICALLY COMPETENT ENTREPRENEURS

LACKING IN HARDWARE TECH

NUCLEAR TECH

FREE AND FAIR MEDIA INTERNET AND SOCIAL NETWORKING TENDENCY TO SENSATIONALISE VERNACULAR MEDIA DOUBLE EDGED

STRENGTHS
A strong and vibrant economy. Strong services sector and IT industry. Sustained high growth rates A strong and apolitical military. Nuclear capability and advanced missile

WEAKNESSES
Rising inflation Subsidies draining the economy. Energy demand supply ratio poor Distribution of wealth & regional disparity Slow pace of infrastructure development Heavily dependent on imports for defence acquisitions Coalition politics Rampant corruption The quality of education is significantly poor as compared with major developing nations.

technology.
Functional and secular democracy. Functional and independent higher judiciary Space, medicine, IT, nuclear research, biotechnology and other basic sciences Technical and skilled human resource Free and fair media

CAPACITY
RELIGION, ETHNICITY & CASTE DIVERSITY COMMUNALISM A THREAT

POLITICOSOCIAL

ECONOMIC DISPARITY GENDER EQUALITY

CAPACITY

CULTURE AND VALUE SYSTEM SOFT POWER

PSYCHOLOGICAL
INDIAN ENTERPRISE & INNOVATIVENESS SPIRITUALITY

SOME UNIQUE INDIAN VALUES


Tolerance Contentment Purity Search for knowledge & wisdom Adherence to duty
Poetry, Written Classics & Epic Treatises (viz Gita, Ten Commandments)

Indias core values are democracy, secularism and peaceful co-existence

Also get enshrined in written constitution


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Indian Soft Power

STRENGTHS
UNITY IN DIVERSITY SOFT POWER SPIRITUALITY CULTURE AND VALUE SYSTEM INDIAN ENTERPRISE & INNOVATIVENESS

WEAKNESSES
COMMUNALISM NON INCLUSIVE GROWTH GENDER INEQUALITY

SWOT