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Language and Culture

Jini Jung
Dr. Barry S. Davison
PSE 6680
21 April 2008
1. The relationship
between language and
culture
 First Name: Jin-I
 Last Name: Jung
 We put last name first and then first name
later.
 鄭 珍 伊 (Chinese Characters)/
 정진이 (Korean Characters)
 Jin-i: A treasure or a precious thing
 Jung: Originated from a city “Kyungju”
where used to be a capital long ago.
1. The relationship
between language and
culture
 Korean  American
Proverbs Proverbs
 Someone else’s rice  The grass on the other
cake looks always side of the fence is
bigger. greener .
1. The relationship
between language and
culture
 Rain beats a leopard’s skin, but it does not
wash out the spots. Africa
 When you bow, bow low. China
 In the kingdom of hope, there is no winter. Russia
 A man must make his own arrows. Native American
 All plants are our brothers and sisters. Native American
 Even when drinking cold water, the elders go
first. Korea

 He who does not risk never gets to drink vodka.


Russia
1. The relationship
between language and
culture
Language Culture
-The meaning of the name
-The name
-The way to name a person
-The proverbs
-The meaning of the words in proverbs

Language reflects Culture and


Culture reflects Language
1. The relationship
between language and
culture
 Bennett (1972)
 A Fluent fool is someone who speaks
a foreign language well but doesn’t
understand the social or
philosophical content of that
language.
 Language teaching should contain
Cultural teaching.
2. Whose Culture?

Is it an accurate word????
2. Whose Culture?
 Kachru’s circle
(1988)

The Inner Circle


USA, UK, Canada
The Outer Circle
Nigeria, Philippines, Singapore

The Expanding Circle


Korea, China, Japan, Nepal
2. Whose Culture?
The inner The outer The
circle circle expending
Definitio Includes the Includes the circle
Includes the
n countries that countries that countries that
use standard use English as use English
English as the a second as a foreign
first language language language
Example The USA, The Singapore, Korea, China,
s UK, Canada, India, Malawi Japan, Nepal
Australia,
The New Zealand
320-380 millions 150-300 100-1000
number millions millions
of
2. Whose Culture?

Why English is called an International


Language?

 L2 speakers don’t need to internalize the


culture norms of native speakers of that
language.
 De-nationalized.
 Way to facilitate the communication of
learner’s ideas and culture in an English
medium.
2. Whose Culture?
World Englishes EIL
the array of varieties of English -a global means of communication
spoken throughout the world in numerous dialects

Cultural Teaching should include the cultures


not only from the Inner circle
ut also from the Outer and the Expanding circl
3. How? (Culture
Materials)

 To show our own culture


 Easily found around us
 To get learners prepared for global
world
 To make learners proud of
themselves
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Examples-1
Korean Movies remade in Hollywood such as
“ShiWolea”
which means love throughout the time and place.

A remake The original


“The lake house” “Shiwolea”
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Examples-2
- “Hanbok”, a Korean - “Talchoom”, a Korean
Traditional Dress Traditional dancing
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 To understand the culture from outer
circle and expanding circle.
 Examples
- The National Flags and the
meanings
- Chinese New Year
- Dining Dos and Don’ts
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

Portuguese
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

Green/Yellow/Blu
e
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

Catholic
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

38 times bigger
than Korea
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

Real
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

Coffee
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example
Which Country??

Samba
2004 World Cup
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 Example  Green-Agriculture
 Writing on the band-
Order and Progress
 A blue hemisphere-
The earth and the sky
 Yellow Diamond-Rich
mineral resources
 27 stars-
Independence day
 Arrangement of the
stars- Each state
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
 To understand the culture that
English is spoken as the first
language
 Examples
- The great American Presidents
- Halloween Day
3. How? (Culture
Materials)
Source Culture International
Target Culture
Materials Culture
Materials
Materials

Intercultural Competence:
The ability which enables us to handle
any kinds of international communicatio
Situation.
4. Conclusion
 Language teaching should include
culture teaching
 in order to help learners to promote
intercultural competence and
 not to be a fluent fool
 by using three different types of
culture materials.
5. Activity
 L: A Lady
 M: A Man
 B: A Boat
 S: One Sided
Love
 H: Handsome??
4. Activity
 L(Love): She did everything for love
 M(Moral): He could not stand being
immoral
 B(Business): He was able to get the
chance to trade what he had with what
he wanted
 S(Sex): He only enjoyed one night stand
 H(Humanity): He understood L’s human
weakness