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Presented by

2005-CTE-13

2005-CTE-18

2005-CTE-27
Contents
Private Vehicle Ownership

Public Transport

Comparison b/w both for mode


choices
Private Vehicle
Defined
“Private vehicles are defined as
the number of road motor vehicles,
other than motorcycles, intended
for the carriage of passengers and
designed to seat no more than nine
persons including the driver.”

Source: OECD REGIONS AT A GLANCE 2007 – ISBN 978-92-


64-00987-5 – © OECD 2007
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/248421278185
Private Vehicle Ownership
statistics 1
Figure: Range of regional
variation in the number of
private vehicles per 100
inhabitants, 2003 (TL2)
The largest regional
variation in the number of
vehicles per inhabitant
occurs in Canada
(ranging from 32 to 78
per 100 inhabitants), the
United States (20 to 64),
Greece (20 to 52), and
Japan (29 to 59)
Private Vehicle Ownership
statistics 2
The number of
private vehicles
varies
by type of region
Spearmank
correlation between
number of private
vehicles per 100
population and share
of population
by regional type,
2003 (TL2)
Private Vehicle Ownership
statistics 3
88% of all people drive to work,
while only about 5 percent use
public transit
Factors Affecting Vehicle
Purchase Behavior
Reasons for Usage of
Private Vehicles
Restraining Private Car-
Ownership 1
Possible Strategies:
• Ownership restraint consists of
controlling the size of the vehicle
fleet and in this way restricting
the number of vehicles available to
use the road system; and 
• Usage restraint affects how much,
where and when, any given vehicle
fleet is used. 
Restraining Private Car-
Ownership 2
Using Physical Restraint
Closure of a road at particular hours to force alternative (longer) routes

Color-coding scheme
Limit the days of using private cars.

Parking control
Reducing the supply of parking spaces, restricting the duration or opening
hours and regulating use through permits and charges.

• Imposing Area/Time-specific Charges Charging users for using a


vehicle in a particular area or a particular road. They may not only be
location-specific but can be varied by time of day, week or year.
Examples of this type of charging are parking charges, toll roads and
area tolls (cordon pricing).
Ownership VS Usage
Restraint
Objection to ownership restraint
Restrains the ownership everywhere
whether needed or not
Electronic road pricing (ERP)
Charge drivers directly for the usage of
roads according to the congestion
manifesting at the particular time and
place, but not when there is no or
little congestion
Best aspects of private
ownership
Negative aspects of private
ownership
Public Transport
Defined
• “Public Transport comprises passenger
transportation services which are available for
use by the general public, as opposed to modes
for private use such as automobiles or vehicles
for hire.”
• Public transportation can consist of buses,
subways, trolleys and light rail, commuter
trains, van pool services, paratransit services
for senior citizens and people with disabilities,
ferries, water taxis, or monorails

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport
Public Transport
Service
• Urban transport is dominated by
people making many short trips
multiple times per day; this creates
focus on headway and ease of use
• Inter-city transport between cities
is dominated by rail, coaches and
airlines.
Public Transport
Operations
Timetables, Roads, More as
Ticket revenue, Food &
maps, fare railways, govt. subsidies, compared
schemes and drink,
airways or advertisement to private
predefined smoking
schedules seaways vehicle
Public Transport
Impacts
Source: 30th Australasian Transport
Research Forum
Discussed Aspects
Socio-demographic
Characteristics of traveller
The groups who use the car more and public transport less than
others are:
The under 11s, the working age group (31 to 60 year olds), even
the 61 to 70 year olds
The workers as well as the unemployed or keeping house
Those with vehicles especially those in multi-vehicle households
Those in couple with children households
Those households with higher incomes

The groups who use public transport more than others are:
The 11 to 20 year olds
The students
Those with no licences
Those with no vehicles in the household
Trip Purpose
The private vehicle is the
most frequently used
mode for every trip
purpose but its share
varies in relation to public
transport depending on
the reason for travel.
Figure shows that car use
is highest for work-
related (89%) and serve
passenger trips (88%)
which by their very
nature are probably most
captive to this mode.
Public transport use, on
the other hand, is highest
for educational (27%) and
commute (20%) trips.
Time of Day
The distribution of travelers by
time of day shows that the
private vehicle is the most used
mode consistently throughout
the day. Train and bus use picks
up during the morning and late
afternoon peaks when congestion
puts the greatest pressure on
travel time and costs making the
car comparatively less attractive
during these periods. In
comparison during the midday
period when there are less
traffic pressures and public
transport services are not as
frequent, car use almost
completely dominates among the
motorised modes.
Time of Day
(continued)
Access and frequency of
public transport
Evidence from the study shows
that about a third who use the
private vehicle for their trip to
work do so because public
transport is inaccessible or
unavailable
Conclusions
For the public transport to be used
more, it must be made comfortable
and accessible
There must be a solid restrain on
ownership and use of private
vehicle
Thank You for your
patience