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Present by Melesse Zenebework



Privatization of Africa's International Relations (PAIR) is the partnership of African states with international corporate and NGOs in order to gain acceptance from the global market and politics so that they can strengthen their domestic stability.

Core Argument

Strong domestic stability African states

Positive global image

Secured business

NGOs and Corporate

Global donors, organizations and developed counteries

The Argument

It brings new resources to Africa that do not entirely replace state institutions The African states use this as the politics of state survival African states image get promoted internationally to assert domestic sovereignty

Example: Uganda

Argument cont. 2. It is part of the process of homogenization of African states on a western model

Public private partnership to shift domestic politics Private firms take over state institutions to shape them in the image of successful western states

3. African states have little influence on non-African states and agencies. 4. Both African states and corporate fill each others needs.
5. Satisfies both African states and developed nations need on global security on terrorism. 6. Access to oil gave African states more privilege to influence and resist 7. Strengthen African states if they liberalize their market and at least pay lip service to pluralist politics at home

Channels of PAIR

America and Chinas state officials tight relationship Public and private partnership stroke corporate donation to increase US assistance Multilateral corporations developed their own publicprivate partnerships to manage domestic risks. NGOs do policymaking and restructuring of the states

African Regime Strategies and PIR

High degree of mutuality of interest Non- Africans: maintain support for manageable territory whereas, African officials: maintain secured business Recruitment of private firms to run state agencies intersection of interests pushed Africa into global political economy

Disruptive exceptions

NGOs may target to avoid regimes Firms may conspire with state officials

NGOs may willingly aid militants

Governments may create fake NGO which are called GONGOs


It reduces the relative exclusivity of African states Produced greater uniformity in policies 50% reduction of Europes oil share in Africa

African states economies and institutions got linked with global market

Since African government are engaging in global market these days, it is compulsory to accept the political and economic liberalization within their domestic affairs. This also helped them to renew their institution in the way of westernization. Similarly, the mutual benefit of African state officials and international corporate and donors bring the privatization of Africa's international relations forward.

Moreover, African states access to oil brings gave them much power over the Non-African states to deal in businesses.