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Generator Excitation Systems

Three Methods of Excitation


Self Excited (SE) Permanent Magnet (PMG) Alternative Regulation Excitation Polyphase (AREP)

Three Methods of Excitation


Self Excited

Standard product offering Lowest cost No short circuit sustaining capability UL2200 Certification

Self Excited
Voltage Regulator

Electrical Power Output to Customer Voltage Sensing Main Stator Main Field Part of Rotor
Rotating Diodes Mech. Power Input (Engine)

Exciter Field (Exciter Stator) Exciter Armature Part of Rotor

Three Methods of Excitation


Permanent Magnet Generator (PMG)

300 % Short Circuit Sustaining Capability (10 secs) Improved Motor Starting and Voltage Recovery Improved Waveform, Transient Response Reduced TIF & RFI UL2200 Certification Improved Operation Under Harmonic 5 Loads

PMG
Voltage Regulator Exciter Field (Exciter Stator)
Bearing

Electrical Power Output to Customer Voltage Sensing Main Stator


Main Field Part of Rotor
Rotating Diodes Mech. Power Input (Engine)

N S

Exciter Armature Part of Rotor

PMG
ROTATING RECTIFIERS EXCITER FIELD PERMANENT MAGNET GENERATOR

STATOR WINDING

ROTOR WINDING

EXCITER ARMATURE

A.C. D.C.

AUTOMATIC VOLTAGE REGULATOR

Three Methods of Excitation


Alternative Regulation Excitation Polyphase (AREP)

Similar characteristics to PMG

300 % Short Circuit Sustaining Capability (10 secs) Improved Motor Starting and Voltage Recovery Improved Waveform, Transient Response Reduced TIF & RFI Improved Operation Under Harmonic Loads PM inserts to ensure startup.
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Lower cost than PMG UL2200 certification

AREP
Voltage Regulator Exciter Field (Exciter Stator)
Bearing

Electrical Power Output to Customer Voltage Sensing Main Stator Main Field Part of Rotor
Rotating Diodes Mech. Power Input (Engine)

Exciter Armature Part of Rotor

AREP
STATOR WINDING ROTATING RECTIFIERS EXCITER FIELD

ROTOR WINDING

EXCITER ARMATURE

A.C. D.C.

AUTOMATIC VOLTAGE REGULATOR

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EXCITATION SYSTEMS
PMG
High starting capacity

AREP
High starting capacity Short-circuit capability

SE

ADVANTAGES

Short-circuit capability

Self protected against short circuit

Intrinsic build-up

No extra length

No extra length

Extra length

Specific winding Small added cost

No short- circuit capability Low starting capacity Sensitive to distorting loads if 11 thyristor controlled

DISADVANTAGES

High number of components Added cost

SE or AREP or PMG ?
AREP / PMG ADVANTAGE COMPARED WITH SE
- THE CURRENT SUSTAINING CAPABILITY THAT ENABLES SELECTIVE PROTECTION IN CASE OF SHORT CIRCUIT

WHEN TO CHOOSE AREP OR PMG ?


- LARGER INSTALLATION WITH SEVERAL CIRCUITS - SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF HIGH DISTORTION LOADS - STARTING OF A BIG MOTOR - MARINE, COORDINATION REQUIRED, or CODES

WHEN TO CHOOSE AREP OR PMG


- AREP- MINIMUM LENGTH REQUIRED -PMG- HIGH HARMONICS

WHEN TO CHOOSE SE ?
- SMALLER INSTALLATION - SYSTEM POWER CUT ACCEPTABLE
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VOLTAGE (V)

SE CHARACTERISTIC ( or auxiliary winding H1/ AREP)

AREP/ PMG CHARACTERISTIC

UN SUSTAINED VOLTAGE DIP

AREP SERIES ( Auxiliary winding H3/ AREP)

LOAD % 100% 200% 300%

LOW OVERLOAD HIGH OVERLOAD - SHORT CIRCUIT


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Self- Excited

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