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Tidal Energy

Lakshey Singhal Electrical Engineering (3rd Year) 1009120044

INDEX
Introduction Role of Gravitational Forces Generation Barrage System Tidal Stream Generation Advantages Disadvantages Conclusion

INTRODUCTION
Tidal power, also called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that converts the energy of tides into useful forms of power mainly electricity. It is a renewable source of energy. Generates power with the help of Tides formation (Barrage System).

Role Of Gravitational Forces


Tides generated by the combination of the moon and suns gravitational forces Greatest affect in spring when moon and sun combine forces Bays and inlets amplify the height of the tide In order to be practical for energy production, the height difference needs to be at least 5 meters (Necessary Condition for Barrage System)

GENERATION
It can be done by 2 ways; Barrage-style Tidal Power Plants
Works by building Barrage to contain water after high tide, then water has to pass through a turbine to return to low tide

Sites in France (La Rance), Canada (Annapolis), and Russia.

Tidal Stream Generator


Harness the kinetic energy of tidal streams. Two types- vertical axis and horizontal axis Barrage not need, limiting total costs

More efficient because they allow for energy production on both the ebbing and surging tides One site has potential to equal the generating power of 3 nuclear power plants Davis Hydro turbine.. Successfully tested in St. Lawrence Seaway

Advantages
No pollution Inexhaustivle Source of energy More efficient than wind because of the density of water Predictable source of energy vs. wind and solar Efiiciency is very high as compared to Coal, Solar or Wind energy (around 80%) Life of Tidal energy power plant is very high Maintenance cost is very low

DISADVANTAGE
Cost of construction is high Difficulty in connecting to the grid Few ideal sites around the world (around 40) Influences aquatic life adversely and can disrupt migration of fish Technology is not fully developed Barrage style only produces energy for about 10 hours out of the day Barrage style has environmental affects
Such as fish and plant migration Silt deposits Local tides change- affects still under study

CONCLUSION
Tidal Energy is thus a clean source of energy and doesnt require much land or other resources as in harnessing energy from other sources. However, the energy generated is not much as high and low tides occur only twice a day and continuous energy production is not possible but looking as for future prospective, this energy can become very important and come very handy.