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Composite Materials

Sezin Gner Elif Topuolu zgen Budayc Yavuz Duran

Issues to Mention
What is Composite? Historical developments Application of Composites Types of Composites Producing of Composites Advantages &Disadvantages of Composites Study Abuout Composites References

What is Composite?
Multiphase materials with chemically different phases and distinct interfaces Properties of the resultant combination of materials aresuperior to the properties of the individual components
macroscopic examination microscopic examination

Historical Development of Composites


straw + mud Brick B.C. 2000

Plywood
Development of composite materials and manufacturing technologies is one of the most important advances in the history of material science.

GENERAL APPLICATIONS OF COMPOSITES


City planning Housing Electronics Aviation industry Automotive industry Construction equipment Construction industry Agriculture

Composites : getting the best of all worlds


heavy Lower Tm

What is Composite?
Dispersed Phase
Resistance and Load

Composites
Matrix Phase
The continuous phase - transfer stress to other phases - protect phases from environment

Historical Development of Composites


Glass fiber reinforced

CLASSIFICATION OF COMPOSITES
Matrix-based:
Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC) Polymer Matrix Composites (PMC)

CLASIFICATION OF COMPOITES
Reinforcement-based
Particle

Fiber

Laminar

MATRIX BASED

REINFORCEMENT BASED

Composite Survey
Composites

Particle-reinforced

Fiber-reinforced

Structural

Largeparticle

Dispersionstrengthened

Continuous (aligned)

Discontinuous (short)

Laminates

Sandwich panels

Aligned

Randomly oriented

Adapted from Fig. 16.2, Callister 7e.

What is Composite?
Dispersed Phase
Resistance and Load

Matrix Phase
The continuous phase

Composites

- transfer stress to other phases - Prot ect phases from environment

ADVANTAGES
Stiffness Conductivity Easy Shaped Weight

Hardness

Strength

Corrosion Resistance

High Temperature Performance

Strength/light-weight, low cost, environmentally resistant

DISADVANTAGES
Fatigue is affected badly from the grains of air in the composite material. Composite materials have different properties in different directions in the material Tensile strength, discharge voltage, flexural strength may be different for the same composite material Precision manufacturing like hole drilling or cutting can not be applied to composite materials because they may cause openings in fibers TRKEDENNNN