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Cultural and Educational Rights

29. Protection of interests of minorities


(1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.
(2) No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

30. Right of minorities to establish and administer

educational institutions.
1) All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. 1[(1A) In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of any educational institution established and administered by a minority, referred to in clause (1), the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause.]

(2) The State shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language 2[* *

Cultural and Educational Rights


Article 29 and 30 Art.29 Guarantees to any section of citizens residing in any part of India having a distinct language, script or culture

Cultural and Educational Rights


Enables to preserve its distinctive language, script and culture Art.30 All minorities whether based on religion or language shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutionsof their choice

Cultural and Educational Rights


At.30(2) Prohibits the State in granting aid to educational institutions from discriminating against any educational institutions on ground under management of minority-whether based on religion or language

Art.30(2)and Art 29(2)


Art.30(2) subject to Art.29(2) No citizen shall be denied admission to any educational institution maintained by State or receiving aid out of State funds on ground of religion, race, caste ,language or any of them

Art.30and Art 29

Art.29-applicable only to citizens Art.30-applicable to citizens as well as non citizens

Art.29(2)and Art.15(1)
Art 15-protects all citizens against State Art.29(2)extends against State, or any body who denies the right conferred by it Protects against particular species of wrongs, namely, denial of admission into educational institutions of types mentioned therein

Protects citizens against discrimination

Art.29(2)and Art.15(1)
Art 15-generaland wide, applies to majority and minority groups Art 15 (1) prohibits discrimination on grounds of sex or place of birth Art 29-gives protection to all citizens against discrimination by State on certain specific grounds Art.29-does not mention these grounds Rt conferred is rt of an individual and not as a member of community

Art.29(2)and Art.15(1)
Art.15(1)-broaderin scope-applies even where Art 29 not applicable