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## INTRODUCTION OF DYNAMICS IN ENGINEERING MECHANICS

The state of rest and state of motion of the bodies under the action of different forces has engaged the attention of philosophers, mathematicians and scientists for many centuries. The branch of physical science that deals with the state of rest or the state of motion is termed as Mechanics. Starting from the analysis of rigid bodies under gravitational force and simple applied forces the mechanics has grown to the analysis of robotics, aircrafts, spacecrafts under dynamic forces, atmospheric forces, temperature forces etc.

## FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF DYNAMICS :

-Dynamics is that branch of mechanics which deals with the motion of bodies under the action of force. Dynamics incudes :
KINEMATICS Study of the geometry of motion. Kinematics is used tolerate displacement, velocity, acceleration, and time without references to the cause of motion. A study of geometry of motion no force. Kinematics is the study of motion without references to the forces which cause motion. Geometric aspect of motion. Study of the relations existing between the forcesacting on a body , the mass of the body , and the motion of the body. Kinetics is used to predict the motion caused by given forces or to determine the forces required to produce a given motion. Relationship between the forces acting on the body has force. Relates the action of force on bodied to their resulting motions. Analysis of force causing the motion.

KINETICS

Dynamics is important in all fields of engineering because everything an engineer designs moves in some way during its lifetime. Vectorial in nature. Related to movement, example : human being Kinematics - position, velocity and acceleration. Kinetics force and moment.

BIL

FUNDAMENTAL IN DYNAMICS

SYMBOL

FORMULA

UNIT

1.

Velocity

V = s/t = displacement/time

m/s

2.

Acceleration

a = v/t = velocity/time

m/s2

3. 4.

Mass Force

M f

F = ma

kg N

A particles : a mass but has no size Rigid body : a body whose changes in shape are negligible compared with the overall dimensions of the body. Time : a measure of succession of events Space : geometric region occupied by bodies Relative to some geometric reference system by means of linear and angular measurement.

Drinking

## Kicking the ball

CALCULATION OF KINEMATICS

A train starts from rest at a station and travels with a constant acceleration of 1 m/s. Determine the velocity of the train when t=40s and the distance traveled during this time. a= 1 m/s2 v= 0 s=0 t= 40s v = v + at s = s + vt + (a)(t2) =0 + 1(40) = 0 + 0(40) + (1)(402) =40 m/s = 800 m

CALCULATION OF KINETICS

Jamal was playing football at field. If the mass of ball is 25 g and the initial velocity is 60 m/s , calculate the height for the ball is flying. 25 g 1000 g = 0.025 kg W = mg =0.025 (9.81) =0.25 N

REFERENCES
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/dyna mics http://physics.stackexchange.com/ques tions/1135/what-is-the-differencebetween-kinematics-and-dynamics www.allinterview.com Categories

Engineering