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BoNtA 568

Lets relax not paralyse muscles

Dr Philippe Deprez
Policlnica Esttica & anti aging National academy of Sciences Bucuresti Honour Member

Port Grec, 40, pb 17487 Empuriabrava - Espaa


Tel +34 972 45 01 51 Fax: + 34 972 45 23 23 http://www.estetik.com/centres/cmeempur.htm phd@estetik.com 1

What means BoNtA 568 ?


BoNtA is the acronym of Botulinic Neurotoxin Alpha
568 represent the number of Amino acids in the BoNtA-like oligopeptides contained in the product 5- pentapeptide 6- hexapeptide 8- octopeptide

Aims of the treatment


Botulinic toxin and BoNtA 568 have the same target: Interfere with Acetylcholine (Ach) synthesis and release in order to control muscle contraction

Is BoNtA 568 similar to

Botulinic toxin injection ?

Other Botox-like products of the market ?

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

Is BoNtA 568 identical to a Botulinic toxin ?


NO
Botulinic toxin
Destroys the axone that grows back in 3 to 4 months Totally blocks Ach Release in the synaptic clefts Induces a total flaccid palsy of treated area

BoNtA 568
Does not destroy axone Slows down Ach release in synaptic cleft Induces a transitory muscle relaxation
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 5

Is BoNtA 568 similar to other botox like products of the market ?

NO
Usual Botox-like products
Use only 1 oligopeptide (usually hexapeptide) In a low concentration ( 5 or 6% usually)

BoNtA 568
Uses 3 synergetic oligopeptides 3 x 20 % concentration in Medical Care 3 x 10 % concentration in Daily Care
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 6

BoNtA 568
Does not paralyse muscles like Botulinic toxin Uses a synergetic combination of 3 botox like oligopeptides in a much more concentrated way comparing to any other product of the market.

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

BoNtA 568 presentations


MEDICAL CARE Phials
To be injected (CE pending) No Needle mesotherapy use

DAILY CARE gel


2 times / day during the first 2 weeks Once daily as daily care

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

Efficacy

In Vivo silicone imprints ( around the eyes ) after topical application

D0

D 28 topical pentapeptide contour eyes

Blue = deep Red = High

D0

D 28 topical SNAP 6 contour eyes

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DO

D 28 topical Actyl-hexa + Penta peptides Contour eyes

Blue = deep Red = High

DO

D 28 topical Snap 8 contour eyes

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Efficacy has been proven clinically and experimantally


1. 2. Skin wrinkles silicone imprints Studies on glutamate neurotransmitter release in vivo Electrophoreses of SNARE complex and SNAP 25 protein Studies on catecholamine exocytosis with and without oligopeptides BoNtA like Studies on action of pentapeptide on external axonal enkephaline-like receptors Monitoring of Snare complex formation
Evidences 2 to 6 need more extensed explanation

3.
4. 5. 6.

There is no toxicity
-cytotoxicity: human keratinocytes and human fibroblasts : NO -Ames test (geno toxicity) . NO -Eyes irritation text /HET-CAM test (Hens Egg Test-Chorio Allantioc Membrane)
and NRU: (Mouse Fibroblast Neural Red Uptake TEst): NO EYES IRRITATION

-LD50 rats: > 2.500 mg/kg = strictly NO TOXICITY -Occlusive patch tests on human skin : NOT IRRITATIVE -Intraepidermal abrasion + occlusive application: NOT IRRITATIVE (0 / max score 8) -HRIPT (Human Repeated Insult Patch Test) -Hemolysis test : NOT HEMOLYTIC -Subcutaneous injection (SNAP6) rabbits: Extremely low irritating power ( 0.55 on a 0 to 8 score) -Intraperitoneal injection (snap 6): 1-100 mg/kg: NO TOXICITY
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3 ways to use BoNtA 568

Classical Mesotherapy
(CE as medical device pending)

Botox prolongator

No needle mesotherapy

BoNtA 568 Injections


as a skin relaxing anti wrinkles treatment
INJECTIONS

Inject more superficially compared to Btx Do 2 times more injection points


NOTES

Meso botox is less efficient than classical botox, except if similar doses are used BoNtA-like 5-6-8 will have the same level of efficacy than low doses meso botox BoNtA-like 5-6-8 are absolutely not toxic CE for injection pending

NO PALSY will occur, the skin will be relaxed, no risk of blepharochalasis, or eyebrows ptosis No risk of headache or other side effect linked to botulinic toxin injection

BoNtA 568 daily care as Botulic toxin prolongator


Botulinic toxin is injected as usual for blocking completely the muscles BoNtA 568 daily care is applied every day to prolong the result (30% maximum)

Transcutaneous penetration of BoNtA 568


Botulinic Neurotoxin A
Skin is virtually impermeable to this macromolecule BoNtA is sensitive to oxidation and would not survive long on the surface of the skin

BoNtA-like 5-6-8
Low sensibility to oxidation: survive on the surface of the skin Low molecular weight: simple transcutaneous penetration has been proven (Franz Cell)

Franz Cell : penetration of hexapeptide through human skin


Chamber 1

Chamber 2

After 2H: 36% of chamber 1 passed in chamber 2 After 4H: 48% Ch 1 After 6H: 78% Human Skin After 24H: 90%

Ch 2

2-3 mm thick human skin

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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Trans epidermic penetration


AD ROLL or Superficial abrasion dramatically increase skin permeability
Products penetrate into the dermis . Is it true ? Evidences: -Application of adrenalinated lidocaine after brasion -Or after AD roll -Induce -Anaesthesy: Nerves termination are located inside of deeper than the epidermal basal layer -Vasoconstriction : Blood vessels are located inside of papillary and reticulary dermis. In the same time, vasoconstriction slows down vascular resorption

BoNtA 568 No Needle mesotherapy


a skin relaxing anti wrinkles treatment
3 steps no needle meso technique

1- skin permeabilization Skin abrasion ( AD abrasive kit) Or ROLLER ( AD ROLL)

2- Product application Apply the product on the skin Cover using a kling film ( Avoids Evaporation) Let the active products penetrate into the dermis

3- Induce an Intracellular penetration for avoiding vascular fast resorption EXCELLDERM

In short, about no needle meso


1- disinfect the skin 2- permeabilize the skin AD roll (Aesthetic Dermal) Or ABRASION (Aesthetic Dermal) 3- apply the active products on the skin BoNtA 568 as unique product

Or
More complex mixture ( see later) 4- cover with kling film . Intradermal penetration 5- intracellular penetration: Excellderm . Action every day

6- repeat 2 times month ( 4 sessions total) and use BoNtA daily care

How oligopeptides works

The detailed science under the cosmetic product

1- Action potential

Simplified Mechanism of Muscle contraction


2- depolarisation

BoNtA & BoNtA 568 act on membranes fusion phenomenons

axone
3- SNARE complex formation 4- attraction of Ach vesicle to axone membrane 5- Membranes

ACh Vesicle
6- liberation of ACh in synaptic cleft 7- activation of muscle receptors

fusion

Synaptic Cleft
Muscle
8- Muscle contractions =>wrinkles
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 22

Actors playing a role in membrane fusion


2x4 proteins are needed for membrane fusion
Axone

Neurotransmitter
Muscle

Vesicle containing Neurotransmitter Phospholipids bilayer

V-SNARE = VAMP protein = Vesicle Associated Membrane Protein

Goal can This is: neurotransmitter be done thanks to has membrane to pass through fusion porosome mechanism
SNAP-25 SyNaptosomal Associated Protein

T-SNARE= Target SNARE Syntaxin Axone POROSOME

Axon Synaptic membrane Phospholipids bilayer

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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Nerve Action potential induces combination of proteins


Axone

Neurotransmitter
Muscle

V-SNARE = VAMP protein = Vesicle Associated Membrane Protein

Vesicle containing Neurotransmitter Phospholipids bilayer

4 proteins will combine in a


TORSION HELIX

Building the SNARE complex


T-SNARE= Target SNARE Syntaxin (vue dartiste)

SNARE = SNAp REceptor SNAP-25 or SyNaptosomal Associated Soluble N-ethylaleimideProtein sensitive fusion factor Attachment proteins REceptors

Synaptic membrane Phospholipids bilayer

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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Nerve Action potential: combination of proteins


And calcium flux into the axon.
This is SNARE complex

In response to a motor action potential, the 3 proteins (VAMP- Syntaxin and SNAP 25) combine and form a four helix protein complex called SNARE
This combination captures the neurotransmitter-filled vesicle, attract it and dock them very close to the synaptic membrane
But there is still water molecules [Ca(H20)n]2+ between the 2 bilayers and fusion is not possible as it BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 25

= water = Ca-P bridge

Thanks to proteinic helix torsion forces, vesicle membrane and axone bilayer membranes are brought to within 2-3 Angtrms of each other. This allows calcium phosphate bridges between the 2 (-) surfaces Vesicle-axonal plasmatic membrane that usually repel each other [Ca(H20)n]2+ is more than 6 Angstrms => is physically explused
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 26

= water = Ca-P bridge

Ca-P bridges simply expel the water still separing vesicle membrane and
axon plasmatic membrane The little space left now between the 2 bilayers also displaces water bound to the P group of phospholipids => membrane destabilization and fusion
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 27

Membranes fusion

Synaptic cleft
Muscle membrane receptor Ach sensitive

Opening cation channel => muscle contraction

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How can BoNtA and BoNtA-like oligopeptides Interfere with this mechanism ?

All serotypes of Botulic Neutotoxins type A (BoNtA) are known polypeptides 2 PHASES OF ACTIVATION ARE NEEDED FOR A NEUROTOXICITY

BoNtA is a folded polypeptide chain, linked by a disulfure bond.

Heavy chain and light chain


As it: Not toxic Neurotoxicity needs 2 structural modifications 1st = cleavage between 2 amino acids 448-449 ? 418-419? 422-423?

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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2nd phase of BoNtA activation


This cleavage allows VERY RAPID entry of BoNtA into axon (endocytosis)
V-SNARE = VAMP protein = Vesicle Associated Membrane Protein

Into the axon: 2nd modification: Disulfure bond is cut

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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BoNtA lyses SNAP 25 protein


Heavy and light chains are liberated LIGHT CHAIN IS A METALLO PROTEASE That lyses SNARE PROTEINS

V-SNARE = VAMP protein = Vesicle Associated Membrane Protein

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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BoNtA lyses SNAP 25 protein


Botulinic Toxins Light chain, a Zn dependant endoprotease lyse VAMP i.e.
SNARE is impossible MEMBRANE FUSION is impossible Ach release is impossible

BoNtA lyses SNAP 25 And kills the axone

Muscle contraction does not occur

X
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 33

BoNtA destroys axon


BoNtA destroys axon Axon regenerates by sprouting Sprouting begins within the first few days after BoNtA has been injected It takes 10 20 weeks for the muscle mobility to be completely regained thanks to the formation of new synapses BoNtA-like oligopeptides 5-6-8 have other modes of action on SMARE complex formation and do not destroy the synapse.
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 34

Oligopeptides BoNtA like


Will mimick this action mode

What are BoNtA - like oligopeptides ?

The actual trend to use transdermal therapies without injections has led to the creation of new products derived from BoNtA: oligopeptides BoNtA like

They do not block the muscle completely as do BoNtA but, acting at the level of SNARE complex, they MODULATE muscle contraction, giving a relaxation effect

What types of peptides are used and how do they work ?

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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Types of peptides
Pentapeptide 3 (5 amino acids) acts as an inhibitory enkephalin Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 (6 amino acids) competitor for SNAP 25 protein Octopeptide or SNAP-8 (8 amino acids) competitor for SNAP 25 protein
=> The name oligopeptides BoNtA Like 5-6-8)
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 37

Pentapeptide 3 ( 5 amino acids)

Pentapeptide

Pentapeptide 3 is a modified enkephalin that couples to enkephalin receptors on the outer membrane of axons, that are coupled to a Gi protein (inhibitory G protein). Stimulation of Gi receptors => Ca channel are closed and K channels are opened. Membrane fusion is a process strictly Ca dependent BoNtA 568 38 => less ACh exocytose. =>www.aestheticdermal.com REDUCTION OF NEURON EXCITABILITY

Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 and Octopeptide (SNAP8)


Acetyl Hexapeptide 3 (SNAP 6) is similar to the last 6 amino acids of N-terminal of SNAP 25 protein Octopeptide (SNAP-8) is an elongation of acetylhexapeptide 3
SNARE cannot be stable with such a short polypeptide

SNAP 6 or 8

Competition in SNARE complex formation

Axone POROSOME

SNARE complex destabilized by SNAP-8 or SNAP 6 reemplacing SNAP 25


Less exocytosis Muscle relaxation
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 39

Efficacy of BoNtA like oligopeptides Glutamate release monitoring


Glutamate is the most common brain neurotransmitter and its essay is used to estimate that of ACH (membrane fusion phenomenons are constant)

Synergy HEXA + PENTA

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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Efficacy of BoNtA like oligopeptides Neuronal exocytosis and catecholamines release


Studies carried at University Miguel Hernandez, Alicante , Spain
L glutamate release after depolarization of cultured neurons: Hippocampus cells of rats embryos

Acetyl Hexapeptide-3 (SNAP6) and SNAP 8


Are more effective than Pentapeptide 3 But Pentapeptide is synergic with SNAP 6 and SNAP 8

Exocytosis of catecholamines from chromaffines cells monotor release of catecholamins (adrenalin noradrenalin)

SNAP 8 is also more effective than Snap 6


BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 41

Efficacy of BoNtA like oligopeptides SNARE complex formation monitoring

SNARE complex cannot be formed correctly in presence of SNAP 6 or SNAP 8 (proteins electrophoresis) SNARE complex formation in vitro
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com 42

Efficacy of BoNtA like oligopeptides SNARE complex formation monitoring

SNAP 8 (octopeptide) is more effective than SNAP6 (Acetyl Hexapeptide 3) in SNARE formation inhibition in vitro

BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

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Thank you
For Your attention

Policlnica Esttica & anti aging

Dr Philippe Deprez
National Academy of Sciences - Bucuresti Honour member

Ed dunitz English version (450pp) available february 2007 Korean version (600pp): available septembre 2006 See on www.estetik.com
BoNtA 568 www.aestheticdermal.com

Port Grec, 40, pb 17487 Empuriabrava - Espaa


Tel +34 972 45 01 51 Fax: + 34 972 45 23 23 http://www.estetik.com/centres/cmeempur.htm phd@estetik.com 44