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GENERATION OF HIGH DC VOLTAGES

Presented By AKHIL ASHOK E8A 8701

CONTENTS
Introduction

Generation

of High DC Voltages Half and Full Wave Rectifier Rectifier Valve Construction Ripple Voltages with HW and FW Rectifier

INTRODUCTION
What

is HV? Types of HV:


High DC Voltage (e-Microscope, X-Ray, etc.) High AC Voltages of Power/High Frequency (about 1 million volt or more to test power apparatus rated for EHT voltages) High Transient or Impulse Voltages (to simulate over-voltages due to lightning or switching surges)

GENERATION OF HIGH DC VOLTAGES


Mainly

used in - Research work in Physics - Insulation test on Cables and Capacitors - Impulse Generator How to Generate HDC? For DC Voltages up to 100KV, Electronic Valve Rectifiers are used. AC Supply to Rectifier tubes maybe Power Freq or AF (AF low ripple avoid costly filters)

HALF AND FULL WAVE RECTIFIER


Rectifier

Circuits for producing HDC Voltages from AC maybe:


Half Wave Full Wave Voltage Doubler

Rectifier

maybe e-tube (PIV =250KV) or solid state device (PIV up to 20KV lab use silicon diodes ). For Higher Voltages units are used in series. (special care should be taken in order to make uniform distribution of transient voltage)

The

value of RC = 10 x Period of AC Supply PIV at least 2Vm To limit charging current an R in series with transformer

RECTIFIER VALVE CONSTRUCTION


Special

construction Protective Shield or Grid around the filament and cathode. Anode usually circular plate Heater and Cathode experience large electrostatic force during non-conduction period.

To

Protect various elements:

Anode firmly attached fixed to valve cover A steel mesh structure or protective grid kept at Cathode potential surrounds cathode and filament (hence mechanical forces between A & K reflected on grid only)

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RIPPLE VOLTAGES WITH HW AND FW RECTIFIER


in output DC, V is called Ripple Ripple depends on:
Fluctuation

Supply Frequency Time Constant Reactance of Supply Transformer

In

HW, Ripple Freq = Supply Freq In FW, Ripple Freq = 2 x Supply Freq Ripple Voltage can be kept low by proper choice of C and Transformer Reactance for given load.
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TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER SETS FOR ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS

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HIGH VOLTAGE BOARD RECTIFIER ASSEMBLY

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REFERENCES

High Voltage Engineering

M M Naidu, V Kamaraju

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THANK YOU

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