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Petrel workflow tools 5 days introduction course

Data Import Well Correlation Edit Input Data Fault Modeling Pillar Gridding

Zonation and Layering

Intro to Petrel Facies Modeling

Petrophysical Modeling

Volume Calculation

Plotting

Well Design

Fault Modeling

Overview

Fault Modeling

Fault geometries

Single faults Branching faults Crossing faults Faults dying out laterally Faults dying out vertically Reverse faults and normal faults Vertical, linear, listric and curved faults Truncating faults vertically various types Eroded faults

Fault Modeling

Key Pillars

Top Shape Point Mid Shape Point Base Shape Point

Line between Pillars

Fault Modeling

Fault shapes

Vertical fault

Linear fault

Listric fault

Curved fault

Fault Modeling
Fault sticks

Input types

Polygons and/or well tops

Digitize on surface

Digitize on 3D lines

Digitize on seismic

Digitize on X-section

Fault Modeling

Input - Fault polygons + Shift

Create fault from Fault Polygons

Fault Modeling

Input - Fault sticks + Shift

Fault Modeling

Input 2D grids

Fault Modeling

Input - Seismic

Fault Modeling

Editing Key Pillars

Select one shape point

Select entire Key Pillar

Add new Key Pillar to end

Add new Key Pillar between

Fault Modeling

Connecting faults

Connect two faults

Disconnect faults

Fault Modeling
Adjust shape points

Connecting - Laterally

Adjust Key Pillars

Fault Modeling

Automatic fault connection

The Extend distance is the distance the faults are extended to see if they reach and intersect other faults

The Remove distance is the minimum distance between two inserted Key Pillars

Fault Modeling

Tying to well cuts

Fault Modeling

Philosophy of Key Pillar editing; Summary

Philosophy: Use as few Key Pillars as possible. Use as few shape points as possible. Use enough Key Pillars and shape points to define the faults form. Remember: If the fault is not right and you must edit, the more pillars and shape points you have the harder those edits will be!

Fault Modeling

Summary

Fault modeling in Petrel is a drawing process where files representing fault data are used to define the initial form of the fault. The user creates these faults by using Key Pillars. This is a roughly vertical line in the plane of the fault that is defined by 2, 3, or 5 points (shape points). A series of Key Pillars joined together laterally define the shape and aerial extent of a fault. Once the Key Pillars are defined and joined for all faults, pillar gridding is performed with only the Key Pillars used as fault input. This creates the 3D framework of cells. Each corner of a stack of cells is referred to as a pillar. These pillars are not the Key Pillars used to define the faults (although a few select Key Pillars are used in the final set of pillars) but are very close to those starting pillars.

From this discussion it can be seen that fault models in Petrel approximate the input fault data but never actually use that data in the final construction of the fault models . Rather, the Key Pillars (an approximation of the data) are used to build the fault surfaces in the final 3D grid. This normally does not create problems as long as the Key Pillars have been built to accurately represent the original data. A benefit of this approach is that when multiple data sources are available for the same fault and those sources are in conflict with one another, those conflicts are not reflected in the final fault model.

Fault Modeling

Exercise