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Modern Horseracing in Great Britain

By Ana Povaliceanu

Table of contents
Chapter 1:History Chapter 2: Types of horse races Chapter 3: Horseracing and its economic impact Chapter 4: Horses in Arts Chapter 5: Horses in Literature Chapter 6: Equestrian leisure activities

-First contests in Babylonia, Syria and Egypt ~ 564 B.C -Arabian horse pure breed by the 12th century -King Henry I of England, royal families royal horses -1174 Smithfield, London -English, American throughbreads have the blood of one or more Oriental stallions: Byely Turk, Darly Arabian, Goldphin Barb - royal family takes an interest in horseracing


2.Types of horse races

-four main types: flat racing, harness racing, steeplechasing and hurdle racing 1.Flat racing: - conditions races (additional weight depending on age, sex, its ability) -handicap races most common, important for gamblers

Condition race

Handicap race

2. Harness racing- pacing, trotting, require strategy and speed 3. Steeplechasing (National Hunt racing) - distance horse race with diverse fence and ditch obstacles -most famous the Grand National run annually at Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool 4.Hurdle races- fences used as obstacles -renowned race courts: Aintree, Carslie, Celtenham -age restrictions -price tickets: 30.00- 88.00

Harness racing


Hurdle races

3. Horseracing and its economic impact

-offered jobs such as: rural, agricultural activities, breeders, broadcasting, gambling -second sport in Britain -it contributes to taxes -offers 18,600 full time jobs -leisure activity -rural impact upon the economy & infrastructure of regions Agriculture: secure income to many people, large numbers of trainers 2.200 farms

- 569 licensed

trainers in Britain in 2005 (Newmarket,

Lambourn) Broadcast: way of promoting this sport ~ 40.000- 50.000 people watch live British & Irish racing -betting diverse, competitive -52,000 full time jobs -racing and betting industries have a close relationship -provides racing ` s largest source of tax payed to Government Nobody has ever bet enough on a winning horse. Richard Sasuly

4. Horses in Arts
-horses inspired drawings, carvings, sculpture. -early examples in south of France -Persian, Chinese civilizations left some art relics -Egyptian pyramids scenes of hunting and warfare -horses appeared on coins, woven patterns, pictures i.e. Bayeus Tapestry

The Unicorn of Scotland

The White Horse of Hanover

5. Horses in Literature
- often brought into stories and poems -centaurs Chiron( thought Hercules) - Iliad, account of war between the Greeks and the Trojans -also found in Susannah of the Mounties by M. Denison, Mounted Police Patrol by R. H. Brown

-Black Beauty by Anna Sewell (1877) horse tells its life story -good picture of kinds of work to which horses were put -first outcry was made in it -developed in Britain, the other nations took it

- books contributed to the development of modern horseracing

6.Equestrian leisure activities

- NES: number of horses kept by private owners and in

professional establishments is 1. 35 million ( 1.2 % of UK population) - ~ 2.1 mil. people ride at least once a month - 2.2 last year - BETA preview that the Olympic games would raise the profile of horse sports and generate more interest in riding

- from 1999 number of riders who school their horses has almost doubled - competition riding affiliated and unaffiliated - riding became active all year round - England offers equestrian leisure activities to everyone: day at the races -trail riding on well mannered horses, trip wilder National Park to see Exmoor ponies

- key place in British sports - top four, five in terms of media coverage - 60 racecourses in Great Britain - annual racecourse attendances exceeds 6 mil. - slowly regains its status of the sport of kings - highly visited for the thoroughbreds ridings