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Personality Theories on Michael Jackson

Biography
29th August 1958 Gary, Indiana 7th of 9th children of Joseph and Katherine

The Jackson 5

Solo Artist
1977 (The Wiz) with Epic Record 1982 (Thriller)
The largest world selling 50 Million copies worldwide

9th December 1984


Last concert with Jackson 5 and splitting with group and going solo

1987 (Bad) Artist of the Decade 1991 (Dangerous) 1995 (HIStory) 1997 (Blood on the Dance Floor) 2001 (Invisible) 2003 (One More Chance)

The Life of M.J


1994 married to Lisa Marie Presley and lasted for 19 month (1996) 14th November 1996 married for second time with Debbie Rowe until 1999
Prince Micheal Joseph Jackson, Jr (13 February 1997) Paris Micheal Katherine Jackson(3rd April 1998) Prince Micheal Jackson II aka Blanket (2002)

Announced comeback tour at the O2 Arena in London on July 2009 25th June 2009 died of cardiac arrest at the age of 50.

1st Theory: Erik Eriksons Adolescent Development


By Grace

Adolescent Development
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Identity achievement Moratorium Foreclosure Identity confusion Alienated achievement

Foreclosure
Have not experienced an identity crisis but who are firmly committed to an occupation and an ideology (Schultz & Schultz, 2009, p. 225).
Michael was focused on his career during his adolescent years. Peter Sharp describes Michael as anxious-avoidant', which means they will often take on what they know they can be successful in, therefore avoid challenges outside their comfort zones and may try to provide their worth by excelling and over-excelling in one particular area. (BBC News UK, 2009).

Performing under Jackson 5 in 1972

Foreclosure (cont)
These commitments were determined by their parents.
Jackson acknowledged that his father hurt him when he was a child, but was nonetheless a "genius", as he admitted his father's strict discipline played a huge role in his success (Living with Michael Jackson, 2003).

Young Michael and father Joe

Foreclosure (cont)
Tend to be rigid and authoritarian and have difficulty coping with change (Marcia, as cited in Schultz & Schultz, 2009, p. 225).
Michael have expressed that he had difficulty adapting to changes of puberty: voice change, fat nose, acne, weight, etc. It did not help that his father teased and beat him even as a child. Michael was pressured to stay as the young, successful child star that he was (Michael Jackson Talks to... Oprah Live, 1993). It was a very, very, very difficult time. Because I think every child star suffers through this period because youre not the cute and charming child that you were and you start to grow. And they (the public) want to keep you young forever (during Oprah interview).

Jackson in a photo from 1975.

Foreclosure (cont)
A study by Stephen, Fraser and Marcia found that students that are categorized in foreclosure tend to be achievementoriented and focus their energy toward external rather than internal goals (as cited in Schultz & Schultz, 2009, p. 225).

At the Soul Train Awards 1989

References
Shaw, J. (Director) & Bashir, M. (Presenter). (2003). Living with Michael Jackson [Documentary]. United Kingdom: Granada Television. Can Michael Jackson's demons be explained? (2009, June 27). BBC News UK. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/8121599.stm Di Maio, D. (Producer) & Winfrey, O. (Executive Producer). (1993). Michael Jackson Talks to... Oprah Live [Talk show]. United States: Harpo Productions. Schultz, D. P., & Schultz, S. E. (2009). Theories of Personality (9th Ed.). California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Borderline Personality Disorder


Definition: According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM)- IV, A pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self image, and affects cognition and behavior.

DSM -IV
CRITERIA FOR BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER ( BPB ): Frantic effort to avoid or imagined abandonment a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unable self image or sense of self impulsivity in at least two area that are potentially self damaging (e.g speeding, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge drinking )

DSM IV (Symptoms)
recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threat, or self mutilating behavior affective instability due to marked reactivity of mood (e.g, intense episodic dysphoria,irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days) chronic feeling of emptiness inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights) transient, stress- related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms

identity disturbance: markedly & persistently unstable self image or sense of self
In one of Michael Jacksons concert, Elizabeth and her 30 body guard walkout of his concert due to poor visibility. Michael thought that she did not approved his concert. Subsequently, he rang her up for clarification because he was self conscious of his performance.

identity disturbance: markedly & persistently unstable self image or sense of self
involvement in several controversy cases Cover up Vitiligo with Hand glove. In 1980s, Michaels fashion designer, who also actress Cicely Tysons confess that "All of a sudden, I'm doing this glove for Michael,' when Michael began to develop the vitiligo which spotted on his hand.

impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self -damaging


(substance abuse) Grace Rwaramba, 42-year-old former nanny of Jackson's children.
I had to pump his stomach many times.

Michael Jackson took up to eight different drugs a day,

impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self damaging (cont.)
Demerol & Dilauded - a painkiller taken 3 times daily. Vicodin - another painkiller prescribed to Jackson recently. Soma - a muscle relaxer taken twice daily. Xanax - an anti-anxiety sedative taken twice a day. Zoloft & Paxil - an anti-depressant and anti-anxiety SSRI. Anti-biotics - to help heal an infection following minor surgery for his skin cancer.

impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self damaging (cont.)
Michael try to make a comeback in Las Vegas with the help of Jack Wishna in 2006. However, the shows was cancelled due to his poor physical condition .The description given was "drugged up" and "incoherent", weak and had to use a wheelchair to get around. Intervention by his sister, Janet and his brother was denied and refused to take his mother, Katherines call

impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self damaging (cont.)

Autopsy report on Michael Jackson death - Propofol overdose

impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self damaging (cont.)
The reveal of the phone calls recording between Michael and a 9 years old boy from Utah, who he befriend in 1985. In the recording, Michael explains about his battle with anorexia. His medical team suspected him for Anorexia, they had also clarify with others (employee) if he throwing up after meals, to ensure he did not have Bulimia. In his autopsy shows that, the 5ft 10in Michael had no food but pills in his stomach, which makes him look like skeleton. He is an anorexic because he had one meagre meal a day, and at time not at all.

recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threat, or self - mutilating behavior


Suicidal Behavior (Before London Concerts) Self Mutilating (Surgery and operation)

Chronic feeling of emptiness


Michael confessed that he was lonely to Robert Hilburn, which make Robert perceived that he is the most fragile and lonely people whom he ever met. Even after a successful concert in 1981, he complained he felt lonely. According to the conversation with Rabbi, Michael was looking for people that he can to talk to. felt mannequins will always be there to accompany him.

inappropriate, intense anger or difficulties controlling anger


At a court break session, a reporter asked him about the baby dangling case as if he had anything to say about Gloria Allred. Michael replied back by asking who is she? The reporter answer Michael by acknowledging him that she is the attorney who called for children service investigation. Michael replied, Ah, tell her to go to hell.

inappropriate, intense anger or difficulties controlling anger


During an interview with Barbara Walters in 1997, Michael furious when people keep calling him Wacko Jacko. He clarified that,I am not a wacko. Dont do it, is not nice.I am not Jacko, I am Jackson. Jacko,Jacko, Where does it comes from? I have heart and feeling, I feel that. You cant do this to me. Its not nice.Im not a Wacko.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Symptoms
To be diagnosed a person must meet 5 or more symptoms:
Has a grandiose sense of self-importance Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love Believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions). Rarely acknowledges mistakes and/or imperfections

Symptoms
Requires excessive admiration Has a sense of entitlement Is interpersonally exploitative, i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends Lacks empathy Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitude.

Is Interpersonally Exploitive
Marriage to Debbie Rowe Marriage to Lisa Marie Presley Interviews given during 1993 allegations - Oprah

believes that others are envious of him

Requires Excessive Admiration


I think all my success and fame and Ive wanted it, Ive wanted it because I wanted to be loved.

MJ, outside the court house, on his car

Has a grandiose sense of self-importance


Going to my show, its like a religious experience, because you come outyou go in one person, you come out a different person.

Believes he is "special" & unique


They love the limelight and I dont have anything in common with them.

Preoccupied with fantasies of ideal beauty