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,

09

3716, 31
24.

4+3 (2)

20

10

3+2 (1)

20

14

23

14

23

14

6+4(2)+2

24

ab 4

| a b || a b |,

| a b |

2,

| a | 1, | b | 1,

a b,

.
mn
mn, , n ,

m .


2
1.: C4 6.

2. :
, ;

| a b | (a b) , | a b | (a b) 2 ;
2

3. | a | 1, | b | 1, 0 ( a , b ) 90 , | a b | 2.
4. .

2 v /,

s , c / c v ,
v n n 1 ,
v .
S , ,
C / .

V / ,
b

a .

() y v

y S bv , v 0, c .
v

()

ab
ab
ab c v
c v c .
;

k , y,

kSvn
y
,
vc

dy kS nv n1 v c ksvn
kSvn1 n 1v nc

,
2
2
dv
(v c)
v c
dy
dy
nc
dy
nc
nc
0 ; v
0.
v
0. v
dv
dv
n 1
dv
n 1
n 1
nc
nc
v
y v
.
n

1
n 1

n 2 ,:
2

c2
kSv2
c
kS v c
2c kS 2 v c
y
2c 4kSc,
vc
vc
vc

v 2c, v 2c ,.

P ABCD 1

PA ABCD AP h PCB PCD


h
: .

PA ABC, CD AD, PD CD.


P

PB BC. CD AB, PC PC,


RtPCD RtPCB. (
BE PC E , DE PC, BED B.

E
A

1 h
, BD 2 ,
2
2h
2 BE 2 BD 2
1
cos

.
2
2
2 BE
1 h

BED BE DE

0 h1 h2 , cos1

1
1

,
2
2
1 h1
1 h2

1
1
,
cos

,
2
2
2
1 h1
1 h2

cos1 cos 2 .

1 2 1 2 .

4
3
3
3
mg
/
cm

300
cm
;
mg
/
cm
2
0.2

100 cm3 , ,
100 cm3 ;
, n , an mg / cm 3
bn mg / cm3 ,
(1) a1 , b1 , a2 , b2
(2) a n bn n

(3),
0.01mg / cm 3 .

(1) a1 2,
b2

(2)

b1 0.2,

1
1
200 2 100 0.65 1.55,
300 0.2 100 2 0.65, a2
300
400
1
100an1 300bn1 1 an1 3bn1 ,
bn
400
4
1
200an1 100bn 1 3an1 bn1 ,
an
300
4

an bn

1
an1 bn1 ,
2

1
an bn 1.8
2

1
(3)an bn 0.01 , 1.8
2

n1

, n 1 ,2 ,3 , .

n 1

0.01 , n 8. 9,

0.01mg / cm3 .

5200921

C n : x 2 2nx y 2 0 n 1 , 2, ,
P 1 , 0 C n k n

Pn

kn

0 l n ,

xn , y n .

(1) x n y n
2x1 x3 x5 x2 n1

1 xn
x
2 sin n .
1 xn
yn

1 Cn : x n2 y 2 n 2 ,
nkn 0 k n
1 k

xn
n

n kn
1 kn

2 x2 k 1
k 1

2
n

n,

l n : y k n x 1 ,
n
kn
,
2n 1
y n k n x n 1

,
n 1

n
1 xn
2k 1
2k 1
1

2k
2k 1
2n 1
1 xn
k 1
k 1
n

f x x 2 sin x , f x 1 2 cos x , f
,


x o, ,
4
0

n 2n 1
.
n 1

f , x 0 ,

1
1

,
2n 1
3 4

f x f 0 ,

1
1
2 sin
,
2n 1
2n 1

x 0 ,

cos x

2
,
2

x 2 sin x ,
1 xn
xn
2 sin
.
1 xn
yn

6 S n {a n } n ,a1 R, a1 0,
d R, d 0,

Sn

A an , n Z ,
n

x2
2
B x, y y 1, x, y R ,
4

,
.
(1) A
(2) A B
(3) a1 0 A B .

S n a1 a n
, n 1,2,3,
(1)
n
2

, A

a1 x
y
.
2

x
2
y 1,
(2) 4 a1 x
y
,

2
2

a1

4 a12
,
x

2a1
0
2
4

a
1
y
.

4a1

A B .
3 A B a1 d 1, x 0,

a n 1 (n 1) 1 0.

A B.

7 : S C n1 2C n2 3C n3 nC nn .


kCnk nC nk11 , k 1, 2 , , n ,

1.

S nC n01 nC n11 nC nn11 n 2 n 1.

S C n1 2C n2 n 1C nn 1 nC nn ,

2. 2S :

S nC nn n 1C nn 1 n 2 C nn 2 C n1 ,

2 S nC nn C n1 n 1C nn 1 2C n2 n 2 C nn 2 n 1C nn 1 C n1 nC nn ,

n C n0 C n1 C n2 C n3 C nn 1 C nn .

3., n k 1 k n
1 kCnk k 1, 2 , , n , S
.
C n1 n 1
C n1 2 n 1.
4.

1 xn Cn0 Cn1 x Cn2 x 2 Cnn x n , x


n1
n1 x Cn1 2Cn2 x nCnn x n1 ,

x 1 ,

S n 2 n1.

1 t 2

0.

2
1 t 2 1 t
t

1. t 1 t 2 t 2 1 .


2. t tan t ,

sin cos 2 0 ,

1
sin 1 ,
2
1
t
3. x
,y
,
1 t2
1 t2

x2 y2 1 ,

x0,

y 2 x 2 1 ,

t tan

3
.
3

y
t ,
x
3
1

A
, , B0, 1 ,
2
2

y
B

AOB ,

t tan

3
.
3