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Input, Output, and Storage

What Kinds of Peripheral Devices Would Suit Your Needs?

Chapter 5

5.1 Input Devices

Input device captures information and translates it into a form that can be processed and used by other parts of your computer. Keyboards Pointing devices Game controllers Scanners Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams


Concepts Support CD: Overview of Input Devices and Other Everyday Input Devices
2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.130 Fig. 5-1 Companies

Input Devices

The keyboard is the most common input device. Types of keyboards include:

Wireless Multimedia and one-touch access Portable keyboards for PDAs


Concepts Support CD: Keyboards

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2 Companies

Pointing Devices

Pointing devices are mainly used to choose and enter commands Pointing devices tend to have PS/2 connectors or USB connectors

PS/2 connector fits into a PS/2 port, which a small round socket with small holes that fit the pins on the connector
USB connectors fit into USB ports, and these are small rectangular openings on the back or front of your computer, or even on your keyboard or monitor


Concepts Support CD: Ports and Cables

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2 Companies

Pointing Devices

Various pointing devices are available

Types of pointing devices:

Mechanical Optical


mouse mouse


Trackball Touchpad

Pointing stick


Concepts Support CD: Mice

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.132 & P. 5.133 Fig. 5-3 & Fig 5.4 Companies

Specialized Input Devices

Other types of input devices include:

Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.135 Fig. 5-6 Companies


is a light sensitive device that helps you copy or capture images, photos, and artwork that exist on paper. Types of scanners include:

SimNet 2003 The Concepts McGraw-Hill


Support CD: Scanners


Microphones are used to input audio Three main types of microphones are:

microphones Headsets Directional microphones

Speech recognition is increasingly being included in application software

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Digital Cameras

Digital cameras are used to:

Download images to a computer Post pictures to the Web Produce videos

Resolution is measured in megapixels Higher the resolution, better the image quality, but the more expensive the camera

2003 The Concepts McGraw-Hill SimNet Companies

Support CD: Digital Cameras

Web Cams

Web cam is a video camera that can be used to take images for uploading to the Web

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

5.2 Output Devices

Output devices take information within your computer and present it to you in a form that you can understand Main output devices: Monitors Printers Speakers

Concepts Support CD: 2003 The McGraw-Hill Overview of Output Devices


CRTs Flat-panel displays
Gas plasma LCD (liquid crystal display)
Passive matrix Active matrix
Called TFT (thin film transistor) Separate transistor for every pixel


Concepts Support CD: Monitors

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.137 Fig. 5-9 Companies

Screen Talk
Screen size measured as a diagonal line across the screen from corner to opposite corner Resolution the number of pixels displayed on the screen (the higher the resolution, the closer together the dots) Pixels (or picture element) dots that make up the image on your screen Dot pitch is the distance between the centers of a pair of like-colored pixels Refresh rate the speed with which a monitor redraws the image of the screen, and is measured in hertz
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Inkjet most popular
Makes images by forcing droplets through nozzles Top speed is 20 pages per minute

Forms images using an electrostatic process Prints between 3 and 30 pages per minute
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers - Cont
Resolution of a printer is the number of dots per inch (dpi) it produces. Higher the resolution, better the image, and usually the more costly the printer

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers - Cont.

Multifunction printer:

Scan, copy, fax, and print Can be either inkjet or laser

Cost less than buying individual units

Take up less desk space


Concepts Support CD: Printers

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.139 Fig. 5-11 Companies


A speaker is a device that produces computer output as sound Speakers are common devices in computer systems Examples include:

Built-in speaker Two-device set speakers Surround sound speakers

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Primary storage
Volatile Temporary

Secondary storage
Nonvolatile Permanent

Secondary storage characteristics

Media Capacity Storage devices Access speed


Secondary Storage Devices


Floppy Disks
Diskettes Floppies Portable storage media Floppy disk drives (FDD)

Traditional Floppy Disk


Traditional Floppy Diskette


Hard Disks
Use thicker, metallic platters for storage Faster than a floppy diskette Large capacity

Sensitive instruments


Materials that Cause a Head Crash


Internal Hard Disk

Located inside system unit Known as a fixed disk Designated as the C drive

Advantages over floppies

Access speed



Hard-Disk Cartridges
Removable hard disks

Used to complement internal hard disk Capacities of 10 to 20 GB

PC Card Hard Disks


Hard-Disk Packs
Removable Massive storage capacity Common in mainframes Resembles stack of vinyl records


Hard-Disk Pack


Performance Enhancements
Disk caching Redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID) File compression and decompression


Optical Disks
Compact Permanent storage Laser beams reflect off pits Two common types


Compact Disc
Optical format From 650 MB to 1 GB capacity Rotation speeds vary Types
Read only: CD-ROM Write once: CD-R Rewriteable: CD-RW Picture CDs and Photo CDs

Digital Versatile Disc

Digital Versatile Disk or Digital Video Disk (DVD) Similar to CDs, but can store more data Types
Read only Write once Rewritable


Optical disk Write once format Quarter size
500 MB capacity Holds 5 hours of CD-quality sound

Use for storing and playing music files


Other Types of Secondary Storage

Solid-state storage Internet hard drives Magnetic tape


Solid-State Storage
Flash memory cards
Widely used in notebook computers Used to record MP3 music files

Key chain hard drives

Key chain flash memory devices Connects to a USB port

Internet Hard Drives


Magnetic Tape
External storage Provides sequential access
Information stored in sequence Slower than disks which provide direct access

Magnetic tape streamers or tape cartridges used by both mainframes and microcomputers