Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 43

Input, Output, and Storage

What Kinds of Peripheral Devices Would Suit Your Needs?

Chapter 5

5.1 Input Devices


Input device captures information and translates it into a form that can be processed and used by other parts of your computer. Keyboards Pointing devices Game controllers Scanners Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Overview of Input Devices and Other Everyday Input Devices
2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.130 Fig. 5-1 Companies

Input Devices

The keyboard is the most common input device. Types of keyboards include:

Wireless Multimedia and one-touch access Portable keyboards for PDAs

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Keyboards

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2 Companies

Pointing Devices

Pointing devices are mainly used to choose and enter commands Pointing devices tend to have PS/2 connectors or USB connectors

PS/2 connector fits into a PS/2 port, which a small round socket with small holes that fit the pins on the connector
USB connectors fit into USB ports, and these are small rectangular openings on the back or front of your computer, or even on your keyboard or monitor

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Ports and Cables

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2 Companies

Pointing Devices

Various pointing devices are available

Types of pointing devices:

Mouse
Mechanical Optical

mouse

mouse mouse

Wireless

Trackball Touchpad

Pointing stick

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Mice

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.132 & P. 5.133 Fig. 5-3 & Fig 5.4 Companies

Specialized Input Devices

Other types of input devices include:

Scanners
Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.135 Fig. 5-6 Companies

Scanner
Scanner

is a light sensitive device that helps you copy or capture images, photos, and artwork that exist on paper. Types of scanners include:
Flatbed

SimNet 2003 The Concepts McGraw-Hill


Companies

Support CD: Scanners

Microphones

Microphones are used to input audio Three main types of microphones are:
Desktop

microphones Headsets Directional microphones

Speech recognition is increasingly being included in application software

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Digital Cameras

Digital cameras are used to:


Download images to a computer Post pictures to the Web Produce videos

Resolution is measured in megapixels Higher the resolution, better the image quality, but the more expensive the camera

2003 The Concepts McGraw-Hill SimNet Companies

Support CD: Digital Cameras

Web Cams

Web cam is a video camera that can be used to take images for uploading to the Web

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

5.2 Output Devices


Output devices take information within your computer and present it to you in a form that you can understand Main output devices: Monitors Printers Speakers
SimNet

Concepts Support CD: 2003 The McGraw-Hill Overview of Output Devices


Companies

Monitors
CRTs Flat-panel displays
Gas plasma LCD (liquid crystal display)
Passive matrix Active matrix
Called TFT (thin film transistor) Separate transistor for every pixel

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Monitors

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.137 Fig. 5-9 Companies

Screen Talk
Screen size measured as a diagonal line across the screen from corner to opposite corner Resolution the number of pixels displayed on the screen (the higher the resolution, the closer together the dots) Pixels (or picture element) dots that make up the image on your screen Dot pitch is the distance between the centers of a pair of like-colored pixels Refresh rate the speed with which a monitor redraws the image of the screen, and is measured in hertz
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers
Inkjet most popular
Makes images by forcing droplets through nozzles Top speed is 20 pages per minute

Laser
Forms images using an electrostatic process Prints between 3 and 30 pages per minute
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers - Cont
Resolution of a printer is the number of dots per inch (dpi) it produces. Higher the resolution, better the image, and usually the more costly the printer

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers - Cont.

Multifunction printer:

Scan, copy, fax, and print Can be either inkjet or laser

Cost less than buying individual units


Take up less desk space

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Printers

2003 The McGraw-Hill p. 5.139 Fig. 5-11 Companies

Speakers

A speaker is a device that produces computer output as sound Speakers are common devices in computer systems Examples include:

Built-in speaker Two-device set speakers Surround sound speakers

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Storage
Primary storage
Volatile Temporary

Secondary storage
Nonvolatile Permanent

Secondary storage characteristics


Media Capacity Storage devices Access speed

8-24

Secondary Storage Devices

8-25

Floppy Disks
Diskettes Floppies Portable storage media Floppy disk drives (FDD)

Traditional Floppy Disk

8-26

Traditional Floppy Diskette

8-27

Hard Disks
Use thicker, metallic platters for storage Faster than a floppy diskette Large capacity

Sensitive instruments

8-28

Materials that Cause a Head Crash

8-29

Internal Hard Disk


Located inside system unit Known as a fixed disk Designated as the C drive

Advantages over floppies


Access speed

Capacity

8-30

Hard-Disk Cartridges
Removable hard disks

Used to complement internal hard disk Capacities of 10 to 20 GB

PC Card Hard Disks

8-31

Hard-Disk Packs
Removable Massive storage capacity Common in mainframes Resembles stack of vinyl records

8-32

Hard-Disk Pack

8-33

Performance Enhancements
Disk caching Redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID) File compression and decompression

8-34

Optical Disks
Compact Permanent storage Laser beams reflect off pits Two common types
CD DVD

8-35

Compact Disc
Optical format From 650 MB to 1 GB capacity Rotation speeds vary Types
Read only: CD-ROM Write once: CD-R Rewriteable: CD-RW Picture CDs and Photo CDs
8-36

Digital Versatile Disc


Digital Versatile Disk or Digital Video Disk (DVD) Similar to CDs, but can store more data Types
Read only Write once Rewritable

8-37

DataPlay
Optical disk Write once format Quarter size
500 MB capacity Holds 5 hours of CD-quality sound

Use for storing and playing music files


8-38

Other Types of Secondary Storage


Solid-state storage Internet hard drives Magnetic tape

8-39

Solid-State Storage
Flash memory cards
Widely used in notebook computers Used to record MP3 music files

Key chain hard drives


Key chain flash memory devices Connects to a USB port
8-40

Internet Hard Drives

8-41

Magnetic Tape
External storage Provides sequential access
Information stored in sequence Slower than disks which provide direct access

Magnetic tape streamers or tape cartridges used by both mainframes and microcomputers
8-42