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Figures of Speech

Collected and edited by EP Prasad

Figures of Speech
Figures of speech are words or phrases that depart from straightforward literal language. Figures of speech are often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness, expression, or clarity.

Types of Figures of Speech


Simile Metaphor Alliteration Onomatopoeia Hyperbole

SIMILE
A simile is the comparison of two Unlike things using like or as .
He eats like a pig. You are as pretty as a picture.

METAPHOR
A metaphor is the comparison of two unlike things or expressions, sometimes using the verb to be, and not using like or as (as in a simile). To be (am, is, are, was, were)

METAPHOR
He is a pig. You are a tulip. From A Meditation for his Mistress ~Robert Herrick

ALLITERATION
Alliteration is the repetition of initial consonant sounds of neighboring words.
Sally sells seashells by the seashore.

ALLITERATION
She left the Heaven of Heroes and came down To make a man to meet the mortal need, A man to match the mountains and the sea, The friendly welcome of the wayside well. From Lincoln, the Man of the People ~Edwin Markham

ONOMATOPOEIA
(on-uh-mat-uh-pee-uh)
An onomatopoeia is a word that imitates the sound it represents. The chiming of the bells The boom of the explosion

ONOMATOPOEIA
Tinkling sleigh bells Clanging fire bells Mellow chiming wedding bells Tolling, moaning, and groaning funeral bells

From The Bells ~Edgar Allan Poe

HYPERBOLE
A hyperbole is an exaggeration or an overstatement .

=
His feet are as big as boats! I nearly died laughing!

HYPERBOLE
Here once the embattled farmers stood And fired the shot heard round the world .

From The Concord Hymn ~Ralph Waldo Emerson

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


He clattered and clanged as he washed the dishes.
Simile (B) Onomatopoeia (C) Hyperbole
(A)

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


Life is a beach! (A)Metaphor (B)Alliteration (C) Simile

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. ~Mother Goose
(A)

Onomatopoeia (B) Hyperbole (C) Alliteration

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


The river falls under us like a trap door.
(A)

Onomatopoeia (B) Simile (C) Metaphor

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


Im so hungry I could eat a horse! Hyperbole (B) Metaphor (C) Onomatopoeia
(A)

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


Dont delay dawns disarming display. Dusk demands daylight.

From Dewdrops Dancing Down Daises ~Paul Mc Cann (A) Onomatopoeia (B) Alliteration (C) Hyperbole

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


Ive heard that joke a billion times, but it still cracks me up!
(A) Simile (B) Metaphor (C) Hyperbole

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


The glass vase is as fragile as a childs sandcastle.
Metaphor (B) Alliteration (C) Simile
(A)

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


The buzzing bee startled me! Hypberbole (B) Onomatopoeia (C) Metaphor
(A)

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


She looked at him with fire in her eyes.
(A)

Alliteration (B) Simile (C) Metaphor

USE YOUR NOGGIN!


Write a story about an experience in your life in 2-3 paragraphs. Use each of the figures of speech we learned today! (Simile, Metaphor, Alliteration, Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole)

Hope u liked it!

God bless you all

Department of English, IES