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SPM 6 FORM 5 CHAPTER 1

WAVES
6.2 Types of Waves Wavefronts Phenomenon of Wave Water Waves Reflection and Refraction

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Logitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Type of waves
vibration along with parallel propagation
sound wave

direction of propagation compression

rarefaction

vibration perpendicular at right angle direction propagation water wave light wave

crest

wavelength

trough direction of propagation

Type of waves

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Wavefront

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Phenomenon of Wave

Reflection Refraction Diffraction Interference

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed Water Waves

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Water Waves

Ripple Tank

vibrating Convex lens bright dark

Water Waves

Ripple Tank

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed Water Waves

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Water Waves
change

Reflection
direction

angle of incidence incident reflection plane

angle of reflection

normal

Wavelength, frequency, f speed, V amplitude, A direction velocity,

velocity is the rate of change of the position of an object (m/s). For example, a car moving at a constant 20 kilometres per hour in a circular path has a constant speed, but does not have a constant velocity because its direction changes.

Water Waves

Reflection

Oscillation

Amplitude

Period

Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed Water Waves

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection Type of waves refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference

Water Waves

Refraction

frequency, f

wavelength, speed, v direction

Water Waves

Refraction

Wavelength : the wavelength of the refracted waves in the denser medium (or shallower depth) is shorter Angle of refraction : When waves propagate from a less dense medium to a denser medium , the angle of refraction is lesser than the angle of incident.

Water Waves
FORMULA

Refraction

fd = fs Vd
d

Vs
s
4/5 = Vd/20 Vd = 16 cms-1

Water Waves

Refraction

f = 2s-1

10cms-1

a) 3cm

b) 4s-1

5:6

(a) 2cm

(b)16 cms-1

Water Waves

Refraction

Review
Oscillation Amplitude Period Resonance Damping

Waves
Wavelength Frequency Speed Water Waves

wavefronts

Phenomenon of wave

reflection

Type of waves
refraction Longitudinal Transverse

diffraction interference