Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 22

a TeCHNICAL PRESENTATION ON control system & instrumentation at NTPC DADRI

PRESENTED BYShreya Singhal EC-D IVth Yr. 1002721096

CONTENTS
Overview of NTPC Gas Power Plant Control system #Objectives of control system & instrumentation. #Components of control system #Distributed digital system #furnace safeguard & supervisor system Advantages

NTPC DADRI

OVERVIEW OF NTPC

NTPC, the largest power generating Company in India, was setup in 1975 to accelerate power development in the country. capacity of 29,394 MW. It has 15 coal based power stations (23,395 MW) 7 gas based power stations (3,955 MW) 4 power stations in Joint Ventures (1,794 MW). The company has power generating facilities in all major regions of the country. It plans to be a 75,000 MW company by 2017.

In 1991, it set up Ash Utilization Division to manage efficient use of the ash produced at its coal stations. This quality of ash produced is ideal for use in cement , concrete, building material.
In Forbes list of Worlds 2000 Largest Companies for the year 2009, NTPC occupies 317th place. Recognizing On its excellent performance and vast potential, Government of the India has identified NTPC as one of the jewels of Public Sector Navratnas and NTPC became Maharatna company in May, 2010.

A world class integrated power major, powering Indias growth, with increasing global presence .

GAS POWER PLANT

generating station which converts heat energy of gas into electrical energy is known as a steam power station. efficiency is of 49%.

Energy Raw

Material is Natural gas.

CONTROL SYSTEM
A

control system is a device, or set of devices, that manages, commands, directs or regulates the behaviour of other device(s) or system(s).
mechanical, optical, or electronic system that is used to maintain a desired output.

OBJECTIVES OF CONTROL SYSTEM & INSTRUMENTATION

Safe

operation of plant. Lowest cost of generation. Longest equipment life. Minimum environmental effects. Maximum effects. Energy conservation .

OVERVIEW OF NTPC CONTROL SYSTEM

Furnace Safeguard & Supervisory System (FSSS). Automatic Turbine Run Up System (ATRS). Programmable logic controller system. Distributed Digital Control & Monitoring and Information System (DDCMIS). -Open Loop Control System (OLCS). -Close Loop Control System (CLCS). -Monitoring & Information System .

DISTRIBUTED DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEM


DDC controllers are microprocessor(INTEL8085)based And bus compatible.

Controllers are programmed through computer and the compiled program is downloaded in EPROM. Offline programmed EPROMs are installed in the controller . There is no facility to change the program but controller parameterization.

8085 MICROPROCESSOR
8

bit processor. 16 bit address line. 8 bit data bus. Support external interrupt request. 16 bit program counter. 16 bit stack pointer. 40 pin IC.

OBJECTIVES OF DDCMIS
High

reliability. Improved response time. Extended plant equipment life time. Improved operator interface of plant. Historical storage & retrieval system. To monitor the control processing. Direct control the mechanical system. To provide information to operator.

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER


A

PLC or Programmable Controller is a digital computer.

Used

for automation of electromechanical process such as control of machinery on factory.

Designed for multiple inputs & multiple outputs.


Programmes store in non volatile memory.

FURNACE SAFEGUARD & SUPERVISORY SYSTEM


It

is designed to ensure the execution of a safe, orderly sequence in start up and shut down of fuel firing equipments.
provide protection against malfunction of fuel firing equipment and associated air system.

To

To

start & monitor ignitors.

ADVANTAGES OF GAS POWER PLANTS:


It is a known technology; easier than alternative fuels to build power station. Very responsive - can kick in fairly quickly to compensate for other less reliable energy sources (e.g. wind power) or in times of high demand. Fuel requires no pre-processing and no special disposal safeguards. Fuel is currently readily available. Gas power stations do not have the security implications of nuclear power plants.