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Adding Vectors

Along a Straight
Line
ScaleDiagram Method
Math Method

Combined Method

Vector Diagrams

 When you add vector quantities, consider
both the size and the direction of each
quantity.

 Sometimes, a trip has multiple steps in it.
By adding vectors together we can figure
out the total displacement for a trip.

Rules  Join each vector by connecting the “head” of one vector to the “tail” of the next vector.  Find the resultant displacement (ΔdR) by drawing an arrow from the tail of the first vector to the head of the last vector.  The resultant vector is a single vector that has the same effect as all the individual vectors combined .

Example #1 a) 2 vectors b) Join the vectors c) Resultant displacement d) Measure .

Example # 2: Ms. Daniels walks 25m [S] down the hall and then 15m [N] up the hall. What is her resultant displacement? Δ d1 = 25m [S] ∆d = 10m[S] R ∆d1 = 25m[S] Δ d2 = 15m [N] ∆d2 = 15m[N] Δ dR = ? Let 1 cm = 5 m The resultant displacement is 10 m [S] .

E.Summary of Scale Diagram Method 1. List the given vectors with their directions (N.S.W) and the vector to be solved  State the scale  Draw one given vector to scale  Draw the additional vectors to scale  join the “tail” of the vector to the “head” of the previous one (if they are pointing in same direction) .

 Draw and label the resultant vector  Measure the resultant vector and convert the length using the scale  Write a final statement .1. If the vectors are pointing in the opposite direction then draw them separate in opposite direction.

Scale Diagram Method .

 Draw a vector diagram to find their resulting displacement .Sample Problem 1  Anna takes her dog Zak for a walk. They walk 250m [W] and then back 215m [E] before stopping to talk to a neighbour.

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 Calculate his total displacement using the Scale Method. .8 km East to save himself.5 km West to drink water in the pond. however a tiger attacks him. The deer runs 4.SAMPLE PROBLEM #2  A deer in the jungle walks 1.

Sample Problem 2 .

A student leaves her house and travels 350m [W] to the mall.TRY NOW!! Understanding Concepts Page 423 – Q# 3 Solve this problem using the Scale diagram method. and finally 250m [E] to a friend’s house. What is the student’s resultant displacement? Check answer . then 150m [W] to the grocery store.

Math (ALGEBRAIC) Method  One direction must be positive (+) and the other direction must be negative (-)  Choose which direction is positive and write it down  Remember to change the sign back to a direction in the final statement  ***NOTE*** This method ONLY works when the vectors are in the same plane (or line). but NOT East and South! . or North and South. Example: East and West.

Vector Addition .

They walk 250m [W] and then back 215m [E] before stopping to talk to a neighbour.  What is the resultant displacement at this position? .Sample Problem 3  Anna takes her dog Zak for a walk.

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Write the equation for adding the vectors 4. List the given vectors and the vector that is being solved 3. Indicate which direction is positive and which direction is negative 2.Summary of Math Method 1. Substitute numbers into the equation and solve 5. Write a final statement indicating size and direction .

then 25m [N] and then 95m [S]. a student travels 60m [N]. What is the student’s resultant displacement?  Check answer .  While walking around in the mall.Q# 5 check answer Solve this problem using the math method.TRY NOW!!  Understanding Concepts Page 423 .

and solve. Combined Method 1. 3. State which direction is positive and which is negative. Write the equation for adding the vectors. Sketch a labeled vector diagram . 2.not to scale. Write a statement with your answer (including size and direction). but using relative sizes. Substitute numbers (with correct signs) into the equation. . 4. 5.

423  Check answers .7 p. 420-423 Do q 6.TRY NOW!!  Read p.

the larger the more precise. . to scale. Identify compass directions. n Draw the second vector with its tail at the head of the first. of all vectors n Precisely draw the first vector using a ruler & protractor to obtain the length & direction. n Continue adding vectors until all the vectors have been added. Adding Two-Dimensional Vectors Using Scale Diagrams n Select a scale that is suitable. n Calculate the length.

including size (w. n State the resultant displacement. and your ruler to measure its length. n Using your scale. Adding Two Dimensional Vectors Using Scale Diagrams n Draw a resultant displacement vector from the tail of the first vector (initial position) to the head of the last (final position). . convert the measured length to the actual resultant displacement. n Using your protractor find its angle from a compass direction. units) and direction.

The Pythagorean Theorem is used In order to calculate the resultant displacement .

.429 Do Q# 1-5 p.Homework Read p. 428 . 428-429 Complete the worksheet.