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At the end of this chapter you will know the concepts of

Languages Principles of OOPs Real world and computer software Object factory

Object oriented programming

High level languages Procedure oriented Object oriented
Provides easy approach Machine independent Understanding is very easy

Many instructions are written Instructions are grouped together to form functions Concentrates much on data items rather than functions

Modular approach Standardize the program by creating partition memory for both data and function Reusability of code

Principles of Object oriented programming

Objects Encapsulation Polymorphism


Data Hiding

Dynamic Binding

Data Abstraction


Unique identity which contains data and functions (Characteristics and behavior)
Characteristic : Colour and shape Behavior Write
Characteristics are considered as data members Behavior is considered as functions

Class is a set of similar objects Each object has its own attribute and common behavior

Rainbow is a class that contains amplitude, frequency, wavelength. Objects are the different colors

Data Abstraction
Act of representing the essential features without including the background details

Wrapping up of data and function into a single unit called class is encapsulation.


Data Hiding
Data that cannot be directly accessed outside the class although they are available in the same program.

Process by which objects of one class can link and share some common properties of objects from another class.


10 A

10 B

10 c

Process of using a function for more than one purpose.

Dynamic Binding
Process to link the function call with function signature during run time.

Object Factory
Class is a prototype of an object Each objects has its own properties and behavior As the class produces objects of similar type it is termed as object factory

Message passing
Objects interact with each other They share the common properties and behavior This concept is message passing

Question session
In OOP stress is given on _______ A _____ is an object maker Combining data and function to an single entity is called _______ Object acquiring the properties of another object is called ______ In procedural programming the stress is on _____ Set of objects that have common attributes and behavior is called________

Question answers
What is OOP ? Name any two OOP languages Name the principles of OOP Define object Define a class What is data hiding Which technique can we adopt for data hiding ? What is polymorphism What is message passing? Why is class called as object factory.