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What is Doctrine?
The Act and Content of Teaching is Doctrine : Christian Teachings What the Bible teaches consistently about a particular subject is called Doctrine : A summary statement Doctrine describes what Christians believe to be true Christian Doctrine is the response of the Christian church to God, as he has revealed himself, especially in scripture and through Jesus Christ Alister Mcgrath

Why Doctrine?
Every Christian is a theologian Right Doctrine necessary for everything to be right even to recognize the wrong one! Studying Doctrine is Loving our God with our minds God commanded us:
1 Tim 4:16 Watch your life and doctrine closely Titus 2:1 You, however, must teach what is appropriate to sound doctrine.

Doctrines are like Maps

Why Doctrines?
The teaching of biblical doctrine is as rare as it is valuable! Those who hope to survive with any measure of emotional sanity and mental stability must have a solid diet of sound biblical theology, clearly understood, consistently digested, regularly put into action. - Chuck Swindoll

What is the source of our knowledge of God?

Divine Disclosure Revelation

revelare (Lat)

= to reveal
= to uncover = to unveil

galah (Heb) apocalyptein(Gk)


Unveil / Disclose
The removal of obstacles to perception The stripping away of that which keeps one from seeing an object as it is Making something perceivable

The Need of Revelation?

1. Our Finiteness

Incomprehensible nature of God (Deut 29:29)

Non physical Infinite

Our perspective is highly limited because of finiteness (I Tim 6:16)


The Need of Revelation

Since God is our Creator, infinite in his being, while we are finite creatures of time, space, it stands to reason that we cannot discover him by our own research or resources. - John Stott

Evangelical Truth, John Stott, IVP, p-44

The Need of Revelation

2. Our Fallenness Human understanding is hindered by sin II Corinthians 4:4 Eph 4:18 Rom1: 22 God is the all-holy God, while we are fallen, sinful and under his judgement, there is chasm between him and us, which we from our side could never bridge. John Stott


General or Natural Revelation Special or Supernatural Revelation

General Revelation
Psalms 14:1 Psalms 19:1-6 Acts 14:15-17 Acts 17:24-28 Romans 1:18-20

General or Natural Revelation General revelation is so called because

Available To all men At all places At all times It is called natural because : It is made through nature, through the created order

Areas of General Revelation

The general revelation of God has been found in three areas: Nature : Created physical order & Beauty History : God is moving the course of history Humanity : In the moral and spiritual qualities of humankind

What God has Universally Revealed?

God is one (Acts 1726, Rom 120) God is the Creator and source of all life (Acts 1725) God is invisible and powerful (Rom 120) God is personal and wise (Ps. 10424) God is distinct from the universe and is active in it (Acts1724) God alone is the source of values and deserves worship

General Revelation-Limitation
The rationality, intricacy and beauty of the world on the one hand, and our sense of right and wrong, of duty and failure, on the other, speak to us of God. . . .

We see Gods glory in the created order; for his grace we need another revelation. John Stott

How do I:

Know God savingly Worship Him Serve Him meaningfully in life Know how Jesus wants me to live

Special Revelation?
Special revelation means Gods manifestation of himself to particular persons at definite times and places, enabling those persons to enter into a redemptive relationship with him.
Millar. J. Erickson (Christian Theology)

The Modalities of Special Revelation?

The unique saving acts in the history of Israel and the church The communication of the meaning of such events to chosen Prophets and Apostles

Incarnation Crucifixion Resurrection

Special Revelation Speech - Noah/Abraham/Joshua

Visions Theophanies

- Jacob/Joseph/Pharaoh
- Abraham/Jacob/Peter - Hagar/Abraham

Words of Prophets Ezra 1:1 & Heb 1:1 Heb 1:1-3

I Thessalonians 2:13
Psalms 147:19-20 John 5:39

II Timothy 3:16


all Scripture is inspired of God all Scripture is breathed out by God Scripture Inspired
= writings/written document.

(Rom15: 4, 2Pet3: 15-16) = theoneustos (Gk) = inspirare (Lat) God breathed out the Bible. Scripture is God speaking.

every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God (Mat 4:4) You must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophets own interpretation of things. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 1:20-21)

Your word is truth - John 17:17 Scripture cannot be broken - John 10:35

John 10:34,35 Law = Scripture = Word of God

Verbal Inspiration
Mat 5:18 : Yodh = ; Hirq = . John 14:16 : And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever. Allos another of same kind Heteros another of different kind Gal 3:16 John 8:58 : Seed Seeds : I AM

Verbal Inspiration
(1) All that is written (3) Tenses of verbs (4) The smallest parts of words
Matt. 5:1718. 2 Tim. 3:16

(2) Even the very words Matt. 22:43; 1 Cor. 2:13;

Matt. 22:32; Gal. 3:16;

Plenary inspiration
This adjective indicates that the Devine inspiration extends to the WHOLE Bible. Every part of the bible is Equally inspired. Peter & Pauls message is as inspired as Jesus 2 Peter 3:16 - Peter endorses Pauls writings as Scriptures

I Timothy 5:18

= Luke 10:7 ; Dt 25:4

Infallible signifies the quality of neither misleading nor being misled. The truth the Holy Scriptures is a sure, safe and reliable guide in all matters.

The Bible in itself is a true and sufficient guide Scripture cannot be broken (John 10:35)


The Inerrancy of Scripture means that Scripture in the original manuscripts does not affirm anything that is contrary to fact. Inerrancy signifies the quality of being free from all falsehood or mistakes and so safeguards the truth that Holy Scripture is entirely true and trustworthy in all its assertions.

Is Bible Free from Errors?

1.The Bible is a human book. 1.Jesus was a human being.

2. Humans err. 3.Therefore, the Bible errs.

2. Human beings sin. 3.Therefore,Jesus sinned.

What is Revelation? Why Revelation is necessary?
Finiteness & Falleness

How God Revealed Himself?

General & Special Revelation

The Process of Revelation?

Verbal, Plenary Inspiration & Not Dictation

The Nature of Scriptures?

Infallible & Inerrant

Kanon (Gk) = rod, ruler, staff, measuring rod Kaneh (Heb) = reed An Old Testament term meaning measuring rod (Ezek40:3;42:16)

Active sense Scriptures are the ultimate norm. Passive senseRecognised to be canonical by the church
Inspired Book Canonical Book Valuable Book

God determines by inspiring Men of God only recognize
The church no more gave us the New Testament canon than Sir Isaac Newton gave us the force of gravity. God gave us gravity, by His work of creation, and similarly He gave us the New Testament canon, by inspiring the individual books that make it up. - J.I. Packer.

Canonical Criteria
1. Was it written by a prophet of God? 2. Was he confirmed by an act of God? 3. Does it tells the truth about God? 4. Does it has the power of God?

5. Was it accepted by the people (early church) of God?

6. Do they have apostolic authorship or endorsement?


The divine inspiration and infallibility of the Holy Scriptures (by which we mean the 66 books of the Bible), as originally given and its supreme authority in all matters of faith and conduct.

So What?
Gods glory manifested in Creation Worship

Point of contact for Evangelism

Supreme authority of Scriptures in our lives Transformation Renewing of minds

So What?
Disobeying any word of Scripture
is Disbelieving or disobeying God
Read it Study it Meditate Obey it Teach it Treasure it Walk in it : Dt17:19, 31:11 : Ezra7:10 : Ps1:2, Josh1:8 : Jn14:23,24, I Jn2:3 : I Tim4:11-13, Tit.ch2 : Job23:12, Ps119:11 : Pa.119:9,105

Scriptures inspiration is the way in which God enabled the human authors of Scripture to function, so that they wrote every word under divine superintendence.
The doctrine of inspiration declares that God enabled the human writers of Scripture to be agents of divine revelation, so that what they wrote was not only their writing but in a higher sense the very Word of God. The
origin of Scriptures content is found ultimately in God.
- R.C. Sproul