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Chapter

Time and Career Management

McGraw-Hill/Irwin

2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

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Introduction (1 of 2)
is a managers most valuable resource One of the major reasons managers do not have better human relations is their lack of time People who effectively manage their time Time
are

usually more successful on the job have a greater chance of career advancement

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Introduction (2 of 2)
Career

planning is not just about getting a

job
It

is also about continually developing yourself so that you can advance throughout your career

Networking
It

can help you get a job

is a long-term strategy for continual career development and advancement

Career

networking can help you use behavior to develop human relations to increase your performance

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Time management refers to techniques designed to enable people to get more done in less time with better results.

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Time Management: Analyzing Time Use


First

step to successful time management is to determine current time use Time log daily diary that tracks and enables one to determine how time is utilized Multitasking analyze whether you are trying to do too much at the same time People who multitask are less efficient than those who focus on one project at a time

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Time Management: Priority Determination (1 of 3)


the preference given to one activity over other activities Successful people have the ability to do the important things (priorities) first, and the less important things later Tasks that you must get done Priority
place

them on a to-do list prioritize them ranking the order of preference focus on only one task at a time

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Time Management: Priority Determination (2 of 3)


Priority
1. 2.

determination questions ask:

3.

Do I need to be personally involved? Is the task my responsibility or will it affect the performance or finances of my department? Is quick action needed?

Assigning

priorities:

Delegate (D) High (H) priority Medium (M) priority Low (L) priority

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Time Management: Priority Determination (3 of 3)


The

To-Do list written list of activities the individual has to complete


Priorities

may change several times during the day as a result of unexpected tasks Decide what is really important and find the time to do it

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Time Management System


Priorities
Setting

priorities on a to-do list helps increase performance we want to accomplish within a given period of time you will achieve your objectives the activities planned will be carried out

Objectives
What

Plans
How

Schedules
When

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Time Management Steps


Step

1. Plan each week 2. Schedule each week 3. Schedule each day

Step

Step

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Career Management
You

must take the responsibility for managing your career Before planning your career, you must consider your career stage
As

people get older, they have different career stage needs

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Career Stages
The 20s The time when managers are just getting started The challenge is to prove that you have what it takes to get the job done well and on time
The time when managers develop an expertise and show their strength as bosses They try to gain visibility with top management Most managers have weathered a failure or two and know whether or not they have a shot at higher-management jobs People begin to prepare for retirement They can pass along what they have learned and provide continuity

The 30s

The 40s and 50s

The 60s and 70s

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Career Planning and Development


Career Planning The process of:
setting career objectives determining how to accomplish them

Career Development The process of gaining skill, experience, and education to achieve career objectives

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Career Planning Model


Step

1. Self-assessment Step 2. Career preferences and exploration Step 3. Set career objectives Step 4. Develop plan Step 5. Control

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Getting a Job

1. Develop a career plan 3. Conduct research

2. Develop a rsum and cover letter 4. Prepare for the interview

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Getting Raises and Promotions


paths a sequence of job assignments that lead to more responsibility, with raises and promotions Preparation for getting a raise or promotion
Career
Keep

a critical incident file of every positive thing you do that is not generally required but that helps the organization

Asking

for a raise or promotion Changing organizations Job shock occurs when the employees expectations are not met

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Global Careers
Globalization

affects ones career in one way

or another Regardless of ones career goals, possessing good human relations skills with a diversity of people is critical to career success

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Tips to Help You Get Ahead


Be

a top performer at your present job Finish assignments early Volunteer for extra assignments Keep up with the latest technology Develop good human relations with the important people in the organization

Know

when to approach your boss Be polite Never say anything negative about anyone Be approachable Make effective presentations

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Career Management: Apparel and Grooming


Dress

for the organization and job Job interview Wear quality clothes Dress and groom conservatively Casual Dress