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Antonija Pavli

types of schools stages of education national curriculum exams higher education school terms and holidays school uniforms

United Kingdom

United States of America


93 % state schools 7 % private schools

90 % state schools 10 % private schools

United Kingdom

United States of America


Primary schools (5-11) Secondary schools (11-16) Optional sixth form

Preschool (4-5 years of age) Elementary school (1st 5th grade) Middle school (6th 8th grade) High school (9th 12th grade)

United Kingdom

United States of America


England and Wales follow national curriculum, and Scotland has its own Students are obliged to study core subjets and at 14 they choose optional subjects. At the age of 16 they specialise and choose three to four subjects

No national curriculum In most states core subjects are compulsory Students can choose optional subjects

United Kingdom

United States of America

Students do tests in core subjects from the age of seven At sixteen they do exams called GCSE If they stay on at school they take A level exam Pupils have to do average of 87 official tests during their time at school

Students do exams after each of the higher grades After 12th grade they take exams to get their high school diploma

United Kingdom

United States of America

Around 40 % of students go on to higer education British universities demand A level grades Government doesnt financialy support all higher education, so students usually need to get a loan.

Over 60 % of students go on to higher education There are two-year colleges for vocational training and four year colleges for academic degrees There are state universities and private universities like Harward, Yale and Princeton

United Kingdom

United States of America

Six terms (September to July) The day begins at 08:55 and ends at 15:15 from Monday to Friday The school year begins on the 1st of September and is 39 weeks long

The year is divided into semesters (September to June ) Some of the schools use quarter system (fall, winter, spring, summer)

United Kingdom

United States of America

Christmas and Spring for two weeks Summer for six weeks one week at the end of October, mid February and end of May

Columbus Day, about 3 days for Thanksgiving, Veteran's Day, a week or two for Christmas and New Year's, President's Day, Good Friday, a week in March or April, and Memorial Day.

United Kingdom

United States of America

Most schools require school uniforms Boys wear long grey or black trousers, white shirt, tie, jumper or sweater with the school logo and black shoes Girls wear skirts and, during the summer, school dresses

Most state schools do not have school uniforms. Nevertheless, many schools like to regulate the question of student attire (limit on skirt length and skin exposure)