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EARTHQUAKES

SEAN ROBERTSON CHRISTIAN LESSEY NATE BOWERS


DECEMBER 12, 2013

Earthquakes
Earthquakes can happen anywhere Missouri Florida California Utah These are just a few places, not a full list

EARTHQUAKES
Every state in the U.S. has had an earthquake

Most earthquakes happen in the ocean however


Alaska has a lot since 1899 to present it has had 49 major earthquakes M 7.0 or higher

Ring of Fire

Earthquakes in Alaska

Alaska
March 9 1957 Andreanof Island has a M 8.6 Bridges are damaged docks destroyed and it even caused Mount Vsevidof to Erupt which was dormant for 200 yrs. Caused a Tsunamis which continued to Hawaii, California, Chile, El Salvador, and Japan More than 300 aftershocks where reported

Alaska
They also had earthquakes on March 12, 14, 16th all on Andreanof Island

On the 9th there was also an earthquake on Fox island They were all over M 7.0

Alaska
July 10, 1958 Lituya Bay, Alaska has a M 7.7 earthquake Not much damage to man made works there was minimal since there was not much in Alaska then

Landslides reported in the mountains

Earthquakes in Alaska

Practice

ALARM SOUND and DRILL

Great Shake Out Drills

Steps during and Earthquake


Drop Cover Hold on
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bAHNhtRT50A

Siren
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aOyopQ4 8Wp4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pla yer_detailpage&v=nMc3M4rrL_w

The Great Alaskan Earthquake of 1964

The Initial Event


Occurred Friday, march 27th 1964 at 5:36 P.M. Lasted three minutes

Aftershocks
Thousands of large aftershocks that were felt up to three weeks after the initial event Caused many landslides and subsidence Up to magnitude 7 Some occurred up to a year later

Epicenter

Epicenter was located 12.4 miles north of Prince William Sound, 78 miles east of Anchorage

The earthquake registered at 9.2Mw

The Damage

Caused $311 million (2.26 billion in current U.S. dollars) in Alaska and other places Cleanup took 15+ years to complete

Tsunamis and Surge Waves


The quake and its aftershocks created a tsunamis that caused damage in California, Hawaii and Oregon The tsunamis was up to 30ft tall Some water levels were up to 80ft above sea level The towns of Whittier, Valdez, and Kodiak were almost completely destroyed

Surge Wave Damage

Kodiak, AK

Surge Wave Damage


Seward, AK

Deaths Caused
128 people killed
113 from the tsunamis 15 from the earthquake

The death toll would have been much greater had the quake occurred present day

Subsidence

The earthquake created grabens up to 8ft deep

Tectonic Uplift

Both of these areas were more than 30ft underwater before the event. The quake caused the land in some places to rise so rapidly that trees were torn in half.

Fissures

The earthquake left large fissures in roads and bedrock, some were up to 6ft wide

Earthquakes

Seismic waves & Destruction of property

Different motions of Earthquakes.

Are the fastest waves and are the first waves recorded by seismographs. Some call P-waves push-pull wave because of the way they contract and expand as they are traveling

Visual example of a p-wave

S-Waves cant travel through liquids or gases. They require rigid material like ground, rock, roads or buildings

Visual example of a S-wave

Human interaction
Base isolation bearings

Elastic Cables

Steel frame Shoes

Steel fuses (in blue)

SOURCES FOR EARTHQUAKE PROJECT.


HTTP://EARTHQUAKE.USGS.GOV/EARTHQUAKES/STATES/EV ENTS/1964_03_28.PHP HTTP://LIBRARYPHOTO.CR.USGS.GOV/CGIBIN/SEARCH.CGI?SEARCH_MODE=NOPUNCT&FREE_FORM= ALASKA&FREE_FORM=EARTHQUAKE&FREE_FORM=&FREE_ FORM= HTTP://WWW.DRGEORGEPC.COM/TSUNAMI1964CANADA. HTML

SOURCES FOR EARTHQUAKE PROJECT.

MCEER,.BUFFALO.EDU/INFO SERVICE/REFERENCE. WWW.POPULAR MECHANICS.COM

BRUCE A. BOLT, EARTHQUAKES: A PRIMER WH


FREEMAN AND COMPANY

EARTH SKY.ORG/EARTH WWW.LAMIT.RO/EARTHQUAKE SIMPLY GEOLOGY. WORD PRESS.COM