Cerebral hemisphere Diencephalon

Cerebellum Brainstem: (covered by cerebrum)

Midbrain
Pons Medulla oblongata Spinal cord (d) Brain at birth (the diencephalon and superior portion of the brain stem have been projected to the surface)

Gyruses are what made up the cerebrum. Sulci: the lines in between

View
DIENCEPHALON: Thalamus Hypothalamus Pineal gland (part of epithalamus)

CEREBRUM Septum colossal

Pituitary gland

POSTERIOR

ANTERIOR

(a) Sagittal section, medial view

CEREBRUM DIENCEPHALON: Thalamus Hypothalamus BRAIN STEM: Midbrain CEREBELLUM Pons Medulla oblongata Spinal cord (b) Sagittal section. medial view .

Frontal plane Superior sagittal sinus Skin Periosteal layer Meningeal layer Subarachnoid space Arachnoid villus Falx cerebri Cerebral cortex Parietal bone of cranium CRANIAL MENINGES: Dura mater Arachnoid mater Pia mater (a) Anterior view of frontal section through skull showing the cranial meninges .

Subarachnoid space CRANIAL MENINGES: Dura mater Arachnoid mater Pia mater (c) Anterior view of frontal section .

POSTERIOR ANTERIOR LATERAL VENTRICLES Cerebrum FOURTH VENTRICLE THIRD VENTRICLE AQUEDUCT OF THE MIDBRAIN (CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT) (a) Right lateral view of brain .

Longitudinal fissure LATERAL VENTRICLES THIRD VENTRICLE INTERVENTRICULAR FORAMEN AQUEDUCT OF THE MIDBRAIN Pons FOURTH VENTRICLE MEDIAN APERTURE (b) Anterior view of brain .

ANTERIOR Olfactory bulb Olfactory tract Pituitary gland Optic tract Mammillary body View Cerebrum CEREBRAL PEDUNCLE OF MIDBRAIN PONS Cerebellar peduncles Olive Pyramids Spinal nerve C1 Spinal cord MEDULLA OBLONGATA Cerebellum POSTERIOR Inferior aspect of brain .

View ANTERIOR ANTERIOR LOBE CEREBELLAR HEMISPHERE POSTERIOR (MIDDLE) LOBE POSTERIOR (a) Superior view VERMIS (worm): connects the two hemispheres .

Cerebral peduncle Pineal gland Gray matter of cerebellum is Folia Mammillary body Pons WHITE MATTER (ARBOR VITAE) FOLIA CEREBELLAR CORTEX (GRAY MATTER) Medulla oblongata Cerebellum Central canal of spinal cord (d) Midsagittal section (c) Midsagittal section of cerebellum and brain stem .

POSTERIOR ANTERIOR Parietal lobe Frontal lobe Occipital lobe Insula Temporal lobe (cut) Cerebellum Medulla oblongata Spinal cord (c) Right lateral view with temporal lobe cut away .

Lateral ventricle Body of caudate nucleus Frontal lobe of cerebrum Putamen Head of caudate nucleus Thalamus Tail of caudate nucleus Occipital lobe of cerebrum POSTERIOR (a) Lateral view of right side of brain ANTERIOR .

Frontal plane View Cerebrum Longitudinal fissure Septum pellucidum Internal capsule Insula Thalamus Subthalamic nucleus Hypothalamus and associated nuclei Corpus callosum Lateral ventricle Caudate nucleus Putamen Globus pallidus Third ventricle Basal nuclei Optic tract (b) Anterior view of frontal section .

Longitudinal fissure Corpus callosum Lateral ventricle Internal capsule Fornix Insula Thalamus Cerebral cortex Cerebral white matter Septum pellucidum Basal nuclei Caudate nucleus Putamen Globus pallidus Hypothalamus Optic chiasm (c) Anterior view of frontal section Anterior commissure Third ventricle .

TROCHLEAR (IV) TRIGEMINAL (V) NERVE Midbrain Cerebellum Spinal cord (a) Inferior aspect of brain .CRANIAL NERVES: Cerebrum OLFACTORY (I) NERVE: smell Olfactory bulb Olfactory tract Optic chiasm Optic tract OPTIC (II) NERVE: vision OCULOMOTOR (III): eye move.

DENDRITES CELL BODY Axon collateral Initial segment Axon hillock AXON Mitochondrion Nucleus of Schwann cell Dendritic spines Neurofibril Nucleus Cytoplasm Nissl bodies Schwann cell: Cytoplasm Nerve impulse Myelin sheath Neurolemma Node of Ranvier Neurofibril Axon: Axoplasm Axolemma Axon terminal Synaptic end bulb (a) Parts of a neuron .

Presynaptic neuron 1 Nerve impulse 2 2 Ca2+ Ca2+ Synaptic end bulb Ca2+ channel Synaptic vesicles Cytoplasm Synaptic cleft Ca2+ 3 Neurotransmitter 4 5 Na+ Ligand-gated channel open Neurotransmitter receptor Ligand-gated channel closed Postsynaptic neuron Nerve impulse (c) Synapse between neurons 6 .

Epiglottis Palatine tonsil Lingual tonsil Vallate papilla: bitter Fungiform papilla Foliate papilla Filiform papilla: tiny (a) Dorsum of tongue showing location of papillae .

Vallate papilla Filiform papilla Fungiform papilla Taste bud (b) Details of papillae .

Superior rectus muscle Sagittal plane Levator palpebrae superioris muscle Optic nerve Pupil Lens Iris Cornea (a) Sagittal section of eye and its accessory structures .

Cornea Pupil Iris Lens Retina Choroid Sclera Optic disc Fovea centralis Optic (II) nerve (blind spot) Superior view of transverse section of right eyeball .

Lacrimal gland Upper eyelid (palpebra) Superior lacrimal canal FLOW OF TEARS Lacrimal gland Lacrimal ducts Lacrimal sac Superior or inferior lacrimal canal Lacrimal sac Nasolacrimal duct Nasolacrimal duct Nasal cavity (b) Anterior view of the lacrimal apparatus .

Semicircular canal Malleus Frontal plane Helix Incus Vestibulocochlear (VIII) nerve: Vestibular branch Cochlear branch Auricle Cochlea Tympanic membrane: eardrum Stapes in oval window To nasopharynx Lobule External ear Middle ear Internal ear Auditory tube .

Auditory ossicles Superior ligament of malleus Incus Malleus Posterior ligament of incus Stapes in oval window (fenestra vestibuli) Facial (VII) nerve Auditory tube External ear Middle ear Internal ear Lateral ligament of malleus Anterior ligament of malleus (cut) Round window (fenestra cochlea) Tensor tympani muscle MEDIAL Auditory tube Middle ear LATERAL Tympanic membrane Stapedius muscle External auditory canal (a) Frontal section showing location of auditory ossicles in the middle ear .

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