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TO TEACH THE CL ABOUT LATEST

TRENDS AND TECHNOLOGICAL


ADVANCEMENTS IN RADARS
Definitions
Reqs of AD radars
Ltds of old radars
Trends in modern radars
Technological advancements
Latest radar sys
Latest radars aval in world
Summary
 It is a tech of op radar with long

pulses but obtain the resolution and


accuracy of short pulse and the
detection cap of a long pulse
PULSE COMPRESSION

ACTUAL PULSE

Tx

AN T
Rx COMPRESSED PULSE
Radars using one ant for
transmitting and receiving are
monostatic radars
Radars having tx and rx being
separated by a dist are bistatic
radars
BISTATIC RADAR SYS

Rx
Tx
In multistatic radar sys there are one
or more txs and multiple rxs , or multiple
txs and one or more rxs , each posn in
different loc
MU LTI STATI C RADAR SYS

Rx
Tx Rx

Tx
 Radar that uses electronic beam
steering is known, as" phased array
radar (PAR)"
PH AR RAY ANT
Enhanced performance in interference
and ECM envmt
Max info of tgt parameters i.e ht, bg,
range, no of tgts
Ease of maint / op and trg
Detection of low flying tgts
Measures to ctr ECM and ARMs
Mob
Altn surv methods i.e TV Camera, IR
Scanners
Very large in size
Separate ht finding and surv eqpt
Easy to jam
Less data rate
Fast and accurate data processing
3D cap
Better sig processing
Elec ident of tgts
Improved ECCM
Digital MTI
Compact
Reduce the acqn time
Better data processing time
Enhance reaction cap from
detection to destruction of tgt
Clear pic at radar / wpn end
Lower costs
Covert operation of the rx
Inc resilience to ECM as rx loc is
unknown

Cost of providing comm between sites


Difficult to depl
Exploite the ionospheric reflection of
EM waves
These radars use HF
At HF, ionosphere acts like a mirror
and the tx sig is reflected downwards
OTH radars are bistatic sys
Can also op using gr waves
Fwd scatter OTH radar does not
utilize the chars of inosphere
Uses the chars of longer wave length
of HF spectrum
FWD SCATTER (OTH - F) RADAR

CURVATURE OF EARTH
Tx and rx are separately loc
Utilize reflection of radiations from
ionosphere
BACK SCATTER (OTH - B)
RADAR
IO NOS PHERE

Tx
TG T
Rx

SUR FACE OF EA RTH


 Emp a large side-looking ant i.e one
whose beam is perpendicular to the ac’s
line of flt
 Cap of hi range resolution
 SLAR gen map like images of the gr
and permits detection of gr tgts
SI DE L OO KI NG A B RA DA R
(S LA R)
 One of the examples of these sys is
FLIR i.e. fwd looking IR sys
 It is a passive sys designed to loc and
tr the IR radiations, gen by the hot metal
The IR seeker or sensor is composed
of sensitive photo-conductive material
and is housed inside glass domes
FW D L OOKING AB RADAR (FLAR)
Excellent MTI performance
Can produce sharp images of tgt on
display
Immune to jamming
Smaller ant and aperture dimensions
PLESSEY AR – 327
3D AD RADAR
Jt STARS is a synthetic aperture radar
mtd on an AB platform - E- 8 C ac
The E- 8C, carries a phased-array radar
under the fwd part of the fuselage
The radar is cap of providing targeting
and battle mgmt data to all Jt STARS
ops, both in the ac and in the gr sta
modules
SAR - (JT SURV TGT ATTK RADAR SYS)
Can detect stealth bombers from at
least 3000 km away
Uses two hi freq radio txs loc 2300 km
apart
 The tx arrays are about one km long
Hi sensitive rx
Rx consist of two "arms", each 3.4 km
long, and each site consists of 960 indl
ant masts
Tx and rx sites are loc about 100 km
apart
JINDALE RADAR

Tx Rx
HF band OTH Back Scatter E Wng
radar
Provide electronic surv of ac at
ranges up to 2,880 km
Sys has two separate tx and rx
sites, 150 to 200 km apart
AN/FPS-118 OTH RADAR
Consist of an adv, auto detect and
track, phased-array radar, the AN/SPY-1
coupled with the AN/UYK-1 hi-speed cptr
sys
Able to detect incoming msls or ac
Can sort tgts by assigning a threat
value
Can guide the msls to their tgts
The radar panels are flat structures,
mtd to give 360 deg
AEGIS RADAR
Electronically scanned, solid state,
phased array radar
Freq range is 500 MHz to 1,000 MHz
Op in search, detection, tracking and
msl guidance modes simultaneously
Can detect tgts at ranges up to 500 km
Able to tr tgts up to speeds over 3,000
m/s
The radar ill the tgt and guides the
Arrow msl to within 4 m of the tgt
GREEN PINE E WNG FIRE CON
AND MSL GUIDANCE RADAR
 C-band, multifunctional phased array
radar sys
 Can search, detect , track and ident
potential threats
 Patriot msls guidance and ECCM func
 Remotely con by the MSQ-104 con sta,
via a cable link
 Can track more than 100 tgts
 Can engage 9 tgts simultaneously
 Has a range more than 100 kms
AN/MPQ-53
STATE O F ART AU TO MATED SYS

12 SECs
SOC MPDR
30-120 SECs DETECTION
CRCP
MPDR
30 SECs
MPDR
FAADC ADCP