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Sommaire

Maitriser la Gestion De Production


Les Mthodes de Planification de la production

Le Processus d`excution de la production Logiciels Spcifique la gestion de la production

I.

PLANIFICATION DE LA PRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
Introduction gnrale a la production

PIC
Etablir le Plan Industriel et Commercial

PDP
Etablir le Plan Directeur de Production

II. EXECUTION DE LA PRODUCTION


MRP
Planification a court terme.

CBN
Calcul des besoin

Gestion de la fabrication
Ordonnancement

Apprehender la Production
Discrte. Continue

III. Logiciels Spcifique au gestion de la production


GPAO
GESTION DE PRODUCTION ASSISTEE PAR ORDINATEUR

SIL
SYSTEME DINFORMATION LOGISTIQUE.

SAP
Utilisation du Module PP avec les autres modules SAP .

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1.

Planification de la Production
Historique:
Les premires entreprises la gestion des flux a t confie au personnel de production ou issu de la production (production, ordonnancement, mthodes) tandis que la gestion des stocks tait rserve de purs gestionnaires (comptables, Service Achat).

Cette sparation gnre encore des conflits ou des incomprhensions lorsque les intrts des uns sont en opposition ceux des autres.

I.

Planification de la Production
Rappelons tout dabord que le but dune entreprise est, avant tout, de fabriquer des biens ou fournir des services pour satisfaire les besoins du Client. Produit Produit
FOURNISSEUR ENTREPRISE

2. Le systme entreprise:

CLIENT Finance

Finance

On peut distinguer trois phases dvolution dans lenvironnement de lentreprise: La premire phase : loffre de biens infrieure la demande. Il sagit pour lentreprise dune priode de bonheur . Il faut alors produire puis vendre. Lorsque loffre et la demande squilibrent, nous atteignons une deuxime phase o le client a le choix du fournisseur. Pour lentreprise, il faut alors produire ce qui sera vendu. Il devient alors ncessaire de faire des prvisions commerciales, de matriser lactivit de production, Trs rapidement, on passe la phase suivante o loffre excdentaire cre une concurrence svre entre les entreprises face un client qui devient exigeant. Lentreprise tend dsormais produire ce qui est dj vendu. Nous voyons apparatre des soucis de stratgie industrielle et de contrle prcis de la gestion.

I.

Planification de la Production

I.

Planification de la Production

3. Le systme de Production:

Le systme de production regroupe lensemble des ressources qui conduisent la cration de biens ou de services. Afin de raliser ses objectifs, lentreprise possde trois types de ressources : des ressources physiques ; des ressources humaines ; des ressources financires.

I.

Planification de la Production
4.La fonction production:

La fonction production consiste produire, en temps voulu, les quantits demandes par les clients dans des conditions de cot de revient et de qualit dtermins en optimisant les ressources de lentreprise de faon assurer sa prennit, sa comptitivit et son dveloppement.

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I.
5.

Planification de la Production
Flux:

Un objectif cl de toute entreprise est de livrer des produits ses clients, lorsqu'ils les demandent. Il est donc ncessaire, afin d'assurer une gestion performante, de matriser les flux de matires, composants et produits finis au

sein de l'entreprise.

L'coulement des flux matires, depuis les fournisseurs des

matires premires jusqu' la livraison des produits finis, en passant par les diffrentes oprations de fabrication.

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Planification de la Production

Les flux matires peuvent tre regroups :


Flux internes:
qui reprsentent les flux de matires subissant les transformations au sein mme de l'entreprise,

Flux externes:
associs l'approvisionnement des matires premires ,et la livraison des produits aux clients.

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Planification de la Production

Fournisseur

Client

Si Flux Aval =Demande -----------------Si Flux Aval > Demande ----------------Si Flux Aval < Demande -----------------

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I.
FLUX

Planification de la Production

POUSS & FLUX TIR

Flux Pouss Flux Tire

Dans une production flux pouss, on fabrique les produits partir de prvisions de ventes, ou de commandes fermes, et les ordres concernant la fabrication sont transmis de faon raliser progressivement les produits.

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I.
FLUX

Planification de la Production

POUSS & FLUX TIR

Flux Pousse
Flux Tir

CDans une production flux tir, on fabrique les produits pour remplacer les produits qui ont t vendus. Les ordres concernant la fabrication sont transmis de faon terminer les produits ou les sous-ensembles dj en cours de fabrication en fonction de la demande relle.

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I.
flux tir

Planification de la Production
Signal

3 Approvisionnement

Con sommation

Lancement du Rapprovisionnement aprs Consommation


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I.

Planification de la Production

flux Pouss
La production est lanc en fonction de prvisions

Planification

2 Approvisionnement

3 Con sommation

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I.

Planification de la Production

Flux pouss & flux tir

La production la demande
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Planification de la Production

Flux pouss & flux tir

La production la demande
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Planification de la Production

Flux pouss & flux tir

La production par anticipation partielle


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1 2

Planification de la Production

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Planification de la Production

Flux pouss & flux tir

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Planification de la Production

Flux pouss & flux tir

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Planification de la Production

Flux pouss & flux tir

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