Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 58

SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF EDUCATION

2012 ROEL V. AVILA

KEY IDEAS The social dimensions of education take into account the global and national issues and concerns of the 21st century, including globalization, peace education, multiculturalism, human rights education, development education, population education, citizenship education, environmental education, gender education, transformative education, and the new perspective on learning.

The social dimensions of education also consider the questions that reflect common human dilemmas concerning stability vs. change, reaction to differences and diversity, provision for needs and wants, individual freedom vs. social control, population problems, environmental issues, technological changes, and other challenges of life on earth.

Foundations of Peace And Conflict Resolution

SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF EDUCATION


1. Which is not a conflict management style? A. Competing B. Collaborating C. Avoiding D. Cohabiting

Conflict Management Styles

Gender Perspective in Conflict Analysis and Resolution

What is Gender?
socially constructed attributes of females and males. Socially defined/constructed as differences between women and men that result in womens subordination and inequality in opportunity to a better life. seen as an attempt to raise the quality of life of all people, gender in development works toward ensuring that the special needs of women vis vis those of men, are met in this process.

GENDER EDUCATION
2. Which is the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004? A. RA 9226 B. RA 2996 C. RA 6229 D. RA 9262

GENDER EDUCATION

RA No.

9262 = Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004 9710 = Magna Carta of

RA No.

Women

Feminist Agenda For Peace


(Source: Quinto-Deles (1993)

Immediate Stage: Toward the cessation of armed conflict


Protection of civilians, especially women and children Increased womens participation in the peace process, including the mainstreaming of the womens peace agenda and building of an active network of peace advocates linked to the womens movement

Feminist Agenda For Peace


(Source: Quinto-Deles (1993)

Long-term program: Toward a world without war


Developing alternative concepts of defense and national security Development and strengthening of conflict resolution mechanisms Peace education Womens political participation in and gaining of decision-making positions

In war-torn societies, women often keep societies going. They maintain the social fabric. They replace destroyed social services and tend to the sick and wounded. As a result, women are the prime advocates of peace
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan

The Seville Statement, 1986


Declaration 1: It is scientifically incorrect to say that we have inherited a tendency to make war from our animal ancestors. Declaration 2: It is scientifically incorrect to say that war or any other violent behavior is genetically programmed into our human nature. Declaration 3: It is scientifically incorrect to say that in the course of human evolution there has been a selection for aggressive behavior more than for other kinds of behavior. Declaration 4: It is scientifically incorrect to say that human have a violent brain. Declaration 5: It is scientifically incorrect to say that war is caused by instinct or any single motivation.

PEACE EDUCATION
3.

It is a relationship between two or more parties (individuals and groups) who have, or think they have, incompatible goals. A. Conflict B. Violence C. Terrorism D. Discrimination

Understanding Conflict

Conflict is a relationship between two or more parties (individuals and groups) who have, or think they have, incompatible goals. Violence consists of actions, words attitudes, structures and systems that caused physical, psychological, social or environmental damage and/or prevent people from reaching their full human potentials

Why Do Conflicts Arise?


Territorial disputes Social injustice Territorial disputes Social injustice Search for statehood Ethnic and religious animosity Ideological and power struggle Trade and market competitions Contest over economic resources

Why Do Conflicts Arise?


Coercion Misunderstanding Misperception Miscommunication Defense of honor Desire for revenge Gaps between expectations and results Incompatibility of ideas, opinions or disbeliefs Incompatibility of values and interests Distrust, competition over material resources Need for attention and appreciation Intolerance and lack of empathy Power struggles in group situations

TYPES OF CONFLICTS

You have something that I think should be mine !

You insulted me . .. I want revenge !

Your beliefs are different from mine. My way is right !

PEACE EDUCATION
4.

It addresses the causes of conflicts and seeks to built new and lasting relationships between hostile groups. A. Conflict Prevention B. Conflict Settlement C. Conflict Resolution D. Conflict Transformation

RESPONSES TO CONFLICTS

Conflict Prevention aims to prevent the outbreak of violent conflict Conflict Settlement aims to end violent behavior by reaching a peace agreement Conflict Management aims to limit and avoid future violence by promoting positive behavioral changes in the parties involved. Conflict Resolution addresses the causes of conflicts and seeks to built new and lasting relationships between hostile groups. Conflict Transformation addresses the wide social and political sources of a conflict and seeks to transform the negative energy of war into positive social and political change

GLOBAL EDUCATION
5.

Which among the Millennium Development Goals is nearest to EFA?

A.

Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger B. Achieve Universal Primary Education C. Promote Gender Equality

A. UNESCOs Thrusts in Education 1. Access: Education for All (EFA) Jomtien, Thailand. 2. Concerns on Life Long and Life Skills. 3. Exploring on Alternative Delivery Systems and Use of ICT. 4. Focusing on Quality Education (Dakar, Senegal)

GLOBAL EDUCATION
6.

Which among the following goes with Develop a Global Partnership for Development? A. Learning to Know B. Learning to Do C. Learning to Be D. Learning to Live Together

5. Emphasis on Educating for Peace, Human Rights, Democracy and Sustainable Development (Ibe, Geneva) 6. On Tolerance and Cultural Diversity, Culture of Peace Program 7. Four Pillars of Learning Learning to Know, to Do, to Be, and to Live Together

8. Integrating the Humanistic, Ethical, Multicultural and International Dimensions of Education in Basic Education. 9. Inclusive Education, Heritage Education, Development Education poverty reduction

B. Core Content in Global Education / International Education

C. Core Content on Education for Sustainable Development

D. Core Content on Human Rights

E. Core Content on Education, Poverty, and Development

GOOD GOVERNANCE

7.

Which is not a content on Good Governance? A. Equitable and Exclusive B. Consensus Oriented C. Participatory D. Accountable

Core Content on Good Governance

PEACE EDUCATION
8. Which does not belong to Castros 8 Major Peace Education Themes? A. Upholding Human Dignity B. Challenging Prejudice and Building Tolerance C. Promoting Nonviolence D. Inciting the War System

Dr. L. Castro identified 8 major peace education themes:


Upholding Human Dignity Challenging Prejudice and Building Tolerance Promoting Nonviolence Challenging the War System Resolving and Transforming Conflict Sharing the Earths Resources Caring for the Earth Cultivating Inner Peace

EIU Conceptual Framework

Integrating EIU into educational systems and processes using multi-dimensional frameworks. There are six interrelated themes:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Dismantling a culture of war (disarmament and nonviolence) Living with justice and compassion (local and global justice) Promoting human rights and responsibilities Building intercultural respect, reconciliation and solidarity Living in harmony with the earth (sustainable futures) Cultivating inner peace (spirituality of peace)

PEACE EDUCATION
9.

Which does not belong to the Four Pillars of the Human Security? A. Freedom from Want B. Freedom from Fear C. Freedom to Live in Dignity D. Freedom from Globalizations Impact

Human Security

UNDP & Freedom from Want

UNESCO & Freedom from Fear

Kofi Annan & Freedom to Live In Dignity

Freedom from Hazard Impact (Vulnerability)

Recent typhoon Pepeng and Ondoy highlight the need to be good stewards of the planet. Philippine colleges and Universities are currently integrating environmental care in the curriculum part of celebrating 2005-2014 on Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.

LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER


10.

Which shows Filipinos conviviality? A. Bayanihan B. Compadre System C. Hedonism D. Happy-Go-Lucky

Conviviality Sama-sama/Bayanihan Spirit


Filipino Cultural trait of working together For a peaceful and sustainable future

HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE, AND GLOBAL EDUCATION

Global education involves learning about those problems and issues that cut across national boundaries, and about the interconnectedness of systems ecological, cultural, economic, political, and technological. Global education involves perspective taking seeing things through the eyes and minds of others and it means the realization that while individuals and groups may view life differently, they also have common needs and wants.

HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE, AND GLOBAL EDUCATION

Global education involves the:


Study of systems (economic, political, ecological, technological) Study of human values (universal and diverse) Study of persistent problems (war and peace, human rights, environmental issues) Study of global history (development of global systems and human values)

HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE, AND GLOBAL EDUCATION


11. Specifically, what is the aim of the MDG Goal No. 2 of achieving universal primary education? A. to achieve universal access to elementary and secondary education by 2015 B. to achieve universal access to elementary education by 2015 C. to achieve universal access to basic education by 2015 D. to achieve universal access to basic and higher education by 2015

HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE, AND GLOBAL EDUCATION

11. Specifically, what is the aim of the MDG Goal No. 2 of achieving universal primary education? A. to achieve universal access to elementary and secondary education by 2015
In the Philippines, basic education refers to both elementary and secondary which are provided for the citizens free.

Environmental Education

*Ecological Conscience is the awareness of mans true place as a dependent member of the biotic community. Man did not arrive on planet earth as if he had alighted from some spaceship. He is the product of the soil as reported in the Genesis. He is part of the world, and the world is part of his body; Mans umbilical cord connects with the earths ecosystem; A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, the stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.

Environmental Education

Our relationship is simultaneously vertical and horizontal; Establish relationships with individuals who are of similar bent of mind; We must work together towards a re-education of humankind, an attitudinal and behavioral revolution of the mind, heart and will if we want to save humankind from total disaster. UNESCO

ECOLOGY EDUCATION

12. It states that humans have duties to natural

entities, and that the rights on which these duties are founded are based on some intrinsically valuable characteristic of the entity. A. Moral Extensionism B. Environmental Ethics C. Ecology D. Biosphere

CONCEPTS / TERMINOLOGIES
*Environmental Ethics is the study of mans moral obligation to preserve the environment and the natural order of things; *Moral Extensionism states that humans have duties to natural entities, and that the rights on which these duties are founded are based on some intrinsically valuable characteristic of the entity; *Ecology is the study of the interrelation of organism in an environment and of the process linking organism and place; *Biosphere refers to global environment supportive of life;

ECOLOGY EDUCATION
13.

It is the large scale despoliation of earth and its resources as a result of human activities. A. Environmental Degradation B. Deforestation C. Forest Fire D. Flashflood

CONCEPTS / TERMINOLOGIES
*Environmental Degradation is the large scale despoliation of earth and its resources as a result of human activities; *Transcendentalism is the system that teaches that God is nearer to man in the forests and in the mountains; *Ecological Conscience is the awareness of mans true place as a dependent member of the biotic community.

MORAL EDUCATION
14. Which is not an ethical principle? A. Man did not arrive on planet earth

as if he had alighted from some spaceship. He is the product of the soil as reported in the Genesis. B. Mans umbilical cord connects with the earths ecosystem; C. A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, the stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise. D. Although man is part of the world, the world is not part of his body

Ethical Principles:

Man did not arrive on planet earth as if he had alighted from some spaceship. He is the product of the soil as reported in the Genesis. He is part of the world, and the world is part of his body; Mans umbilical cord connects with the earths ecosystem; A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, the stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.

GLOBAL EDUCATION
15.

Which does not belong to the 3 Fundamental Principles which guide UNESCO? A. Universality B. Relativity C. Diversity D. Dignity

Three Fundamental Principles Which Guide UNESCO: 1. universality 2. diversity 3. dignity

PRINCIPLES

Strength from within emanates honor without; Mans survival is interrelated with that of his environment. Freedom of choice is a universal principle. Gorbachev (glasnost and perestroika); The essence of reality is contradiction; Quantum physics claims to have experimental evidence that thoughts can influence physical objects. Licauco LA LIBERTAD ES SOLO PARA EL BIEN Y NUNCA PARA EL MAL. (Liberty is only for the good and never for evil.);

PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY
Balance of Nature Nature knows best; Interdependence Everything is connected to everything else; Diversity and stability Diversity maintains stability; Change The quality of resources can be degraded or enhanced; Finiteness of resources Most resources are limited; Stewardship We have a duty to take care of this beautiful yet fragile Earth.

To see the world with global eyes; To love the world with global heart; To understand the world with a global mind; To merge the world with a global spirit.

Robert Muller