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Entrepreneurship Management

Training and Entrepreneurship Development Programme in India

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION EDPs Importance of training Methods of training EDP- Need and importance Phases of EDP Selection of entrepreneurs for EDP Training programme - Course contents Pre requisites of EDP Organizations providing EDP

Entrepreneurship Management

INTRODUCTION
Entrepreneurship means "the process of the entrepreneur". It is an attempt to create value through recognition of business opportunity. It is basically communicative and management functions to mobilize financial and material resources. Entrepreneurship is the practice of starting new organizations or revitalizing mature organizations particularly new businesses, generally in response to identified opportunities. (Wikipedia)

The entrepreneurial activity is governed by varying combination of socioeconomic, Psychological, cultural and ten other factors: Caste, religion, Family background, Level of education, Level of perception, Occupational background, Migratory character, Entry into entrepreneurship, Nature of enterprise, Investment capacity and Ambition /moderation.

ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES (EDPs) In developed countries the National Income growth is mostly contribute by private entrepreneurs. First Generation Entrepreneurs (FGE) are those who newly establish their businesses. EDP activities are mainly concerned with FGEs as they cannot attend various activities on their own.

The development process covers many activities like Selection of location Machinary Selection Training of employes Assistance for Project report Guidance for financial assistance Training in sales & services Changes & improvements in an enterprise etc.

IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING
Ensures availability of skilled manpower at all management levels
Enhancing abilities, potential among entrepreneurs Increase efficiency Maintain and enhance product quality Minimize wastages in production process

Minimize accidents on the job


Reduce fatigue and increase speed of work

Standardization in industry and internal processes

Methods of Training
Individual instruction Group instruction Lecture method Demonstration method

Written instruction method


Conference

Meetings

EDP
Designed with an aim of encouraging self employment
Imparts training and motivates potential and existing entrepreneurs to start new business or diversify and expand the existing one Helps employment and wealth creation among educated unemployed youth Well equipped to face risks and challenges as an entrepreneur Government needs considerable human and material resource, importance to detailed planning & implementation

Phases of EDP Select area from existing government policy guidelines/socio-economic reports

Techno-economic survey of the selected area; feasibility study Identify potential and existing entrepreneurs interested in starting new business/expansion/diversification
Training Follow up and consultancy services

Selection of entrepreneurs for EDP


The programme is well publicized and promoted to attract maximum applications for screening

Selection of top 25 to 30 applicants only


Applications screened for:
Demographics (The characteristics of human populations and population segments, especially when used to identify consumer markets: eg:The demographics of the Southwest indicate a growing population of older consumers. )and socio cultural data age, education, work exp, financial resources, type of business etc
Motivation factors pull factors, source of encouragement, credibility, endurance, concreteness of plans Psychological test results- traits like risk taking, need for achievement

Entrepreneurship Management

Training Course contents


Introduction to entrepreneurship Motivation training

Essentials of management
Fundamentals of project feasibility study Organising the business Plant visit

Entrepreneurship Management

Pre requisites of EDP


Selection of entrepreneurs Inputs for EDP Support system Follow up

Entrepreneurship Management

Organizations providing EDP

Entrepreneurship Management

National Institute for entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD)


Established by Government of India in 1983 An apex body for coordination and supervison on activities of various institutes engaged in entrepreneurial development Helps evolution of EDP, model syllabi, effective training strategies, methodology, manuals and tools Activities undertaken:
Organise and conduct training programmes Coordinate training activities of various agencies/institutes Provide affiliation to such institutes Hold examinations and confer certificates to trainers and trainees

Small Industries Service Institutes (SISI)


Three months part time evening courses in management

4-6 weeks part time courses in intensive training in functional areas (marketing, finance)
Special courses in quality control, HR, production planning, product development etc Mobile workshops imparting training on correct usage of tools and equipment Helps with preparation of plant layouts

Helps individual firms on specific problems faced

Entrepreneurship Management

Small Industries Development Organisation (SIDO)


Runs EDP in collaboration with financial institutes, directorate of industries
Gives on the job training on shop floor (carpentry, electrical devices) Sends its officials/trainers to organisations to update their knowledge

Entrepreneurship Management

National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)


Provides apprenticeship for 2 years Training supervisory staff of SSI up to 2 years Training to engineers up to 2 years Training workmen for 12 months

Training to set up own venture


Advice on machinery and components

Production of technologically advanced machines

Entrepreneurship Management

Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (EDII)


Develops programmes for entrepreneurial training and development Develops innovative training techniques for trainers

Focused attention on women entrepreneurs with first such EDP in 1988


EDP for rural entrepreneurship development in U.P and Orissa Famous for organizing camps on entrepreneurship

Conducted EDP in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Ghana, Kenya etc

Entrepreneurship Management

National Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs (NAYE)


Contribution in encouraging women entrepreneurship Set up womens wing in 1975 This wing assists women in:
Getting better access to resources, infrastructure, markets Identify investment opportunities Attending to problems of individual industries Sponsor participation in trade fairs, exhibitions, conferences Organise seminars, training programmes, workshops