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# Reliability Enginnering

Presented by:
Tarang Jain
Rahul Gupta
Definition of Reliability

## The Probability of an item ( component/system)

to perform adequately for a specified period of
time. under stated conditions
Reliability Engineering
• Reliability of a higher level of system
– Relationship between different equipment
– Reliability of modules which make the
equipment
– Reliability of system is depend upon reliability
of lowest level
Series Model :Automobile with four Wheels

## System reliability ,Rs= ∏Ρ

i=1
i
Parallel model: Two Boilers But needed
One for operation

Rs = 1 − ∏ (1 − Ρi )
i =1
Functionally parallel
• The equipment can be in series , but if
they act as back up for one another they
considered as in parallel
Illustration

Reaction
pump vessel
Valve 1 valve 2
Let see one example

0.95

0.70
Cont….
• 1-(1-0.95)*(1-0.70)
• 1-0.015=0.985
• The reliability of the parallel system is
greater then the reliability of any of its
component
Reliability Parameters
• Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
• MTBF is a basic measure of reliability for repairable
items. It can be described as the number of hours that
pass before a component, assembly, or system fails. It is
a commonly-used variable in reliability and
maintainability analysis.
• MTBF can be calculated as the inverse of the failure rate
for constant failure rate systems. For example: If a
component has a failure rate of 2 failures per million
hours, the MTBF would be the inverse of that failure rate.
• MTBF = (1,000,000 hours) / (2 failures) = 500,000 hours
Cont…
• Mean Time To Failure (MTTF)
• MTTF is a basic measure of reliability for non-repairable
systems. It is the mean time expected until the first
failure of a piece of equipment. MTTF is a statistical
value and is meant to be the mean over a long period of
time and large number of units. For constant failure rate
systems, MTTF is the inverse of the failure rate. If failure
rate is in failures/million hours, MTTF = 1,000,000 /
Failure Rate for components with exponential
distributions.
• Technically MTBF should be used only in reference to
repairable items, while MTTF should be used for non-
repairable items. However, MTBF is commonly used for
both repairable and non-repairable items.
Cont…
• FITS (fail in time)
– FITS is a more intuitive way of representing MTBF.
FITS is nothing but the total number of failures of the
module in a billion hours (i.e. 1000,000,000 hours).
• MTTR
– Mean Time To Repair (MTTR), is the time taken to
repair a failed module. It should be a goal of system
designers to allow for a high MTTR value and still
achieve the system reliability goals.
– Low MTTR requirement means high operational cost
for the system.
Benefits
– Product Improvement
– Planning maintenance
– Avoiding system failure
– Reduced Field Failures
– Reduced Warranty Costs
– Better Customer Relations
References
• Production and operation management
:S N CHARY
• http://www.i-mtbf.com/
• http://www.ee.iitb.ac.in/
Thank You