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DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING ELECTRONICS DESIGN LABORATORY(080280078)

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY & DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF DOMESTIC UPS Work done by Preetham kumar.R (110406138016) Ragunath.R (110406138017) Rajesh.J (110406138018) Ramprakash.P (110406138019)

CONTENTS

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE INTRODUCTION BLOCK DIAGRAM CIRCUIT DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION SIMULATION DIAGRAM DESIGN ANALYSIS CONCLUSION
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ABSTRACT

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY: A Variable DC Power Supply is a device that supplies electric supply to an load and, allows the user to vary or change the DC output voltage within the specified voltage ranges. UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY: An uninterruptible power supply is also known as UPS or battery that provides emergency power to a load. when the input power source, fail automatically connected to battery.
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OBJECTIVE

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY: To design and fabricate a 0-12 volt,1A variable power supply for various domestic applications at low cost and high reliability

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY:


The main objective to design a UPS is to supply continuous undisturbed and conditioned power to the critical load that energy for powering the load comes from the utility, or from the battery upon mains outage.

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INTRODUCTION

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY:

This 0- to 12-Vdc variable power supply uses an IC voltage regulator and a heavy duty transformer to provide a reliable dc power supply.

APPLICATIONS:

Domestic Appliances Battery Charger Electronic circuits Small Motor Speed Control

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BLOCK DIAGRAM FOR VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY:

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CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY:

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DESCRIPTION
Circuit Description for variable power supply
TRANSFORMER : Transformers are used in power supplies to isolate the power supply from the AC voltage source.

RECTIFIER: The rectifier circuit is the heart of the power supply. Its function is to convert the incoming AC voltage to a DC voltage.

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Contd
REGULATOR : A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain to a constant voltage level.

FILTER: The smoothing capacitor convert the full-wave rippled Output of the rectifier into a smooth DC output voltage.

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SIMULATION DIAGRAM OF VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY

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SIMULATION WAVEFORM OF VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY

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DESIGN ANALYSIS :
VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY

SL. NO

APPARATUS

THEORETICAL VALUE (VOLTS)

PRACTICAL VALUE(VOLTS)

PEAK VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER

RMS VOLTAGE

PEAK VOLTAGE

RMS VOLTAGE

16.97

12

12.1

8.5

2
3 4

RECTIFIER
CAPACITOR REGULATOR

15.57
14.013 12

11
9.9

10.2
14.2 14

7.2
10

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INTRODUCTION

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY

To design and fabricate uninterruptible power supply(UPS) for various domestic applications at low cost and high reliability. APPLICATION Frequency discriminators. Timing circuits. Time-delay applications. Envelope detection. Frequency multiplication. Frequency division.
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BLOCK DIAGRAM FOR UPS

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CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR UPS

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DESCRIPTION
Circuit Description for variable power supply
TRANSFORMER : Transformers are used in power supplies to isolate the power supply from the AC voltage source.

REGULATOR : A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain to a constant voltage level.

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Contd
RECTIFIER

The rectifier circuit is the heart of the power supply. Its function is to convert the incoming AC voltage to a DC voltage.

In the rectification section, the bridge rectifies the input ac voltage into dc voltage and the output voltage is given by the formulae:

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SIMULATION DIAGRAM OF UPS

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SIMULATION WAVEFORM OF UPS

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DESIGN ANALYSIS
UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY

SL. NO APPARATUS

THEORETICAL VALUE (VOLTS) PEAK VOLTAGE RMS VOLTAGE

PRACTICAL VALUE(VOLTS) PEAK VOLTAGE RMS VOLTAGE

1 2

Transformer Rectifier

16.97 15.57

12 11

11 10.2

7.8 7.2

Regulator

230

158

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CONCLUSION

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY: A (0-12v) variable dc power supply is designed by assembling the required components and thus it is used for varies application. By making simple alteration and adding few components in this circuit we attain various fixed voltage. UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY: Now a days as the electronic appliances are so costly, any damage to it due to the sudden failure in the power supply cannot be permitted.

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REFERENCES

VARIABLE POWER SUPPLY:


www.circuitdiagram.org www.next.gr/power-supplies www.powersupply88.com www.circuitsstream.blogspot.in

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY:


www.circuitsportal.blogspot.com ElectoSuite.com www.eeweb.com www.circuitstoday.com
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Thank You